Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Greece 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Spain 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Germany 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Slovenia 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Luxembourg 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7
Japan 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Portugal 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6
Denmark 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Croatia 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Finland 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Barbados 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Singapore 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Canada 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
France 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Macao SAR, China 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
Hungary 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Australia 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9
Czech Republic 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Bulgaria 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5
Montenegro 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Ukraine 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.7
Sweden 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Russian Federation 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4
United States 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Belarus 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6
Latvia 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Slovak Republic 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9
Poland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Ireland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Malta 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0
New Zealand 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Thailand 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Iceland 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
St. Martin (French part) 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.8
Georgia 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Estonia 2.2 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.5
Romania 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4
Mauritius 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2
Puerto Rico 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Aruba 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Macedonia, FYR 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Moldova 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Sri Lanka 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Armenia 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1
Kuwait 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2
Chile 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
China 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0
Bahamas, The 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Azerbaijan 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.7
Kazakhstan 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3
Suriname 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Israel 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8
Brazil 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
Jamaica 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Argentina 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Albania 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Guam 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Lebanon 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Panama 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
New Caledonia 3.1 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Colombia 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Turkey 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Indonesia 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Costa Rica 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Fiji 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
Mexico 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
St. Lucia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
French Polynesia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Venezuela, RB 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Dominican Republic 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Malaysia 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4
Myanmar 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Vietnam 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1
Tunisia 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0
South Africa 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3
Ecuador 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Bahrain 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Kyrgyz Republic 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.3
Kosovo 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.0 2.8
Peru 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
India 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Grenada 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4
El Salvador 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Qatar 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Uzbekistan 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.0 3.8
Morocco 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6
Mongolia 4.4 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.2
Philippines 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1
Turkmenistan 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9
United Arab Emirates 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8
Belize 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Paraguay 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Kiribati 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Tonga 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Bangladesh 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Papua New Guinea 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7
Botswana 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Nicaragua 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4
Bolivia 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Vanuatu 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8
Lesotho 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Algeria 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.2 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.8
Samoa 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9
Honduras 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8
Nepal 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Libya 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.2
Tajikistan 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.9
Namibia 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8
Zimbabwe 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7
Congo, Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2
Cabo Verde 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9
Gabon 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Sao Tome and Principe 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.8
Haiti 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Guatemala 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Ghana 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Jordan 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0
Comoros 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.3
Cambodia 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Central African Republic 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7
Bhutan 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Swaziland 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2
Solomon Islands 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5
Iraq 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Saudi Arabia 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4
Mauritania 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8
Gambia, The 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Pakistan 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6
Djibouti 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Sudan 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Lao PDR 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Kenya 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
Madagascar 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Tanzania 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Mozambique 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Maldives 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.1
Togo 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Cote d'Ivoire 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0
Eritrea 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Cameroon 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Nigeria 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Zambia 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Liberia 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Sierra Leone 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5
Senegal 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Benin 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
Burkina Faso 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Malawi 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.6
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Ethiopia 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1
Somalia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6
Oman 7.5 7.2 6.8 6.5 6.1
Rwanda 7.5 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.6
Burundi 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 8.8 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Liechtenstein
Andorra
Curacao
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.6
Seychelles 2.7
Dominica 2.5
Isle of Man
Monaco
Marshall Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia 1.8
American Samoa
San Marino
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Greenland 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Tuvalu
West Bank and Gaza 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Cayman Islands
Bermuda
Palau 2.8

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