Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Spain 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Greece 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Germany 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Slovenia 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Japan 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Portugal 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Luxembourg 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Belgium 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Croatia 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Denmark 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Macao SAR, China 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Cuba 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
France 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9
Bulgaria 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Canada 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Romania 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Ukraine 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5
Singapore 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Montenegro 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Hungary 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6
Russian Federation 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.4
Czech Republic 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.4
Australia 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8
Belarus 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.5
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Latvia 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.4
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.6
Malta 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9
Estonia 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4
Poland 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
United States 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Slovak Republic 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.7
Ireland 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Thailand 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
St. Martin (French part) 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8
Sweden 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Georgia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
New Zealand 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Puerto Rico 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Macedonia, FYR 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Aruba 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Iceland 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Mauritius 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.3
Kuwait 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Moldova 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Greenland 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.5
Trinidad and Tobago 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Sri Lanka 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
China 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.9
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Armenia 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Chile 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Bahamas, The 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Kazakhstan 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3
Suriname 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7
Azerbaijan 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.5
Palau 2.8
Brazil 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Israel 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.9
Jamaica 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Albania 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Argentina 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Lebanon 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Guam 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Panama 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Turkey 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Colombia 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Indonesia 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Costa Rica 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
New Caledonia 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7
Mexico 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Tunisia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.1 2.9
St. Lucia 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Fiji 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3
French Polynesia 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9
Myanmar 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Venezuela, RB 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Dominican Republic 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Malaysia 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Brunei Darussalam 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Vietnam 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.9
South Africa 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Kyrgyz Republic 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.1
Bahrain 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2
Ecuador 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Peru 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Grenada 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
India 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
El Salvador 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Qatar 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Mongolia 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.2 2.9
Morocco 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5
Uzbekistan 4.1 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.5
Philippines 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Turkmenistan 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8
United Arab Emirates 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6
Belize 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2
Paraguay 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2
Bangladesh 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9
Kiribati 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Tonga 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Botswana 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1
Nicaragua 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Algeria 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.7
Papua New Guinea 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.5
Bolivia 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Lesotho 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6
Vanuatu 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Libya 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.2 3.9
Samoa 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8
Honduras 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.7
Nepal 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Tajikistan 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
Zimbabwe 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6
Namibia 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
Cabo Verde 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.7
Syrian Arab Republic 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.6
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.9 6.1
Congo, Rep. 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2
Sao Tome and Principe 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Gabon 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1
Haiti 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Jordan 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8
Comoros 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3
Guatemala 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Ghana 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Cambodia 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8
Bhutan 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8
Swaziland 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Central African Republic 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6
Saudi Arabia 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2
Solomon Islands 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.3
Iraq 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Mauritania 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8
Pakistan 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5
Kenya 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4
Djibouti 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.5
Maldives 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.1 4.8
Gambia, The 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Lao PDR 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.6
Sudan 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9
Tanzania 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9
Mozambique 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Madagascar 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Togo 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Cameroon 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Zambia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Eritrea 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4
Nigeria 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Liberia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Sierra Leone 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
West Bank and Gaza 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4
Guinea 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Senegal 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2
Guinea-Bissau 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.4
Benin 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
South Sudan 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Malawi 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.5
Burkina Faso 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Mali 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Oman 7.2 6.8 6.5 6.1 5.7
Angola 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Ethiopia 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0
Rwanda 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4
Chad 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.4
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.1 7.8
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Taiwan, China
Serbia 1.8
Isle of Man 1.8
Dominica 2.5
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 2.0
Andorra
Marshall Islands
Liechtenstein
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.6
Turks and Caicos Islands
Seychelles 2.7
Tuvalu
American Samoa
San Marino
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands

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