Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Germany 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3
Spain 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Greece 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Slovenia 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Japan 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Croatia 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Portugal 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Macao SAR, China 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
Romania 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4
Luxembourg 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Bulgaria 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6
Denmark 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Canada 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Barbados 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Russian Federation 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4
France 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Singapore 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Finland 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Estonia 2.2 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.5
Serbia 1.8
Belarus 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6
Ukraine 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Montenegro 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9
Latvia 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5
Czech Republic 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7
Hungary 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.7
Malta 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0
St. Martin (French part) 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.8
Slovak Republic 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9
Thailand 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
United States 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Poland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Ireland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Sweden 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Georgia 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
New Zealand 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Iceland 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Kuwait 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2
Puerto Rico 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Macedonia, FYR 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Aruba 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Mauritius 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2
Moldova 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1
China 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Greenland 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Sri Lanka 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Armenia 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Chile 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Kazakhstan 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3
Bahamas, The 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Suriname 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Brazil 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6
Israel 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8
Azerbaijan 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
Jamaica 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Albania 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Lebanon 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Argentina 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Guam 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Turkey 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
New Caledonia 3.1 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Indonesia 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Panama 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Colombia 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Costa Rica 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Myanmar 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
Mexico 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
French Polynesia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
St. Lucia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Tunisia 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0
Venezuela, RB 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Fiji 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
Dominican Republic 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Vietnam 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1
Brunei Darussalam 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Malaysia 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4
South Africa 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3
Kosovo 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.0 2.8
Bahrain 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Ecuador 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Kyrgyz Republic 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.3
Grenada 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4
Peru 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Mongolia 4.4 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.2
India 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
El Salvador 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Qatar 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Morocco 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9
United Arab Emirates 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8
Uzbekistan 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.0 3.8
Turkmenistan 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9
Philippines 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1
Bangladesh 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Belize 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Paraguay 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.2 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.8
Algeria 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0
Botswana 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Kiribati 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Tonga 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Nicaragua 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4
Libya 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.2
Papua New Guinea 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7
Lesotho 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Bolivia 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Vanuatu 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8
Zimbabwe 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7
Samoa 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9
Honduras 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8
Tajikistan 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8
Nepal 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Namibia 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.8
Cabo Verde 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9
Congo, Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2
Sao Tome and Principe 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Haiti 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Gabon 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Jordan 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0
Bhutan 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Cambodia 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Comoros 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.3
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.9
Ghana 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Guatemala 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Swaziland 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2
Saudi Arabia 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4
Solomon Islands 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5
Central African Republic 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7
Maldives 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.1
Iraq 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Kenya 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
Pakistan 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Mauritania 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8
Djibouti 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Lao PDR 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Sudan 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Gambia, The 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Tanzania 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Mozambique 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Togo 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Madagascar 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Cote d'Ivoire 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0
Cameroon 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Zambia 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Liberia 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Nigeria 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Sierra Leone 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3
Eritrea 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Senegal 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
West Bank and Gaza 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5
Benin 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Oman 7.5 7.2 6.8 6.5 6.1
Malawi 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.6
Burkina Faso 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Rwanda 7.5 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.6
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
Ethiopia 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6
Burundi 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 8.8 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.1
Monaco
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.6
Tuvalu
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Dominica 2.5
American Samoa
Seychelles 2.7
Faeroe Islands
San Marino
Isle of Man
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Palau 2.8

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