Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Germany 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Spain 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Slovenia 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Greece 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Croatia 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Macao SAR, China 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Japan 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Romania 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Portugal 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Bulgaria 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
Russian Federation 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.4
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Luxembourg 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Belgium 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Ukraine 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5
Cuba 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Canada 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Czech Republic 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.4
Estonia 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Latvia 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.4
France 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Belarus 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.5
Denmark 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Singapore 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Hungary 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Montenegro 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Australia 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8
Slovak Republic 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.7
St. Martin (French part) 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8
Poland 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.6
Ireland 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Thailand 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 2.0
United States 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Georgia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Sweden 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Malta 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9
New Zealand 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Kuwait 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3
Macedonia, FYR 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
China 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.9
Puerto Rico 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Aruba 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Moldova 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Iceland 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Trinidad and Tobago 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Mauritius 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.3
Sri Lanka 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Armenia 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Kazakhstan 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3
Dominica 2.5
Greenland 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.5
Chile 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.6
Bahamas, The 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Suriname 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7
Brazil 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Seychelles 2.7
Israel 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.9
Azerbaijan 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Lebanon 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Jamaica 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Albania 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Turkey 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Argentina 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Guam 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Indonesia 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Panama 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
New Caledonia 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7
Costa Rica 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Colombia 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Myanmar 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
French Polynesia 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9
St. Lucia 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Mexico 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Vietnam 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.9
Tunisia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.1 2.9
Venezuela, RB 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Brunei Darussalam 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Dominican Republic 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Fiji 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3
South Africa 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Mongolia 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.2 2.9
Malaysia 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Bahrain 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2
Grenada 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
Ecuador 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Peru 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Kyrgyz Republic 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.1
India 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Morocco 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5
El Salvador 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Qatar 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
United Arab Emirates 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6
Uzbekistan 4.1 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8
Turkmenistan 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.5
Philippines 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Bangladesh 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9
Algeria 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.7
Paraguay 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2
Belize 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2
Botswana 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1
Libya 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.2 3.9
Nicaragua 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Kiribati 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Tonga 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Papua New Guinea 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7
Lesotho 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6
Bolivia 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Zimbabwe 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6
Vanuatu 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8
Syrian Arab Republic 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.6
Honduras 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.7
Tajikistan 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
Samoa 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8
Namibia 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7
Nepal 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Cabo Verde 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.7
Jordan 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8
Sao Tome and Principe 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Haiti 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Bhutan 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8
Congo, Rep. 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2
Cambodia 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8
Gabon 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1
Comoros 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3
Swaziland 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Ghana 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Maldives 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.1 4.8
Guatemala 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Saudi Arabia 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2
Solomon Islands 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.3
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.9 6.1
Kenya 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4
Central African Republic 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6
Iraq 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Pakistan 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5
Mauritania 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8
Djibouti 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.5
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Lao PDR 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.6
Sudan 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9
Tanzania 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9
Togo 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.8
Gambia, The 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Mozambique 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Madagascar 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Cameroon 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Liberia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Zambia 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Sierra Leone 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Nigeria 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Senegal 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2
Eritrea 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4
Oman 7.2 6.8 6.5 6.1 5.7
Guinea 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
West Bank and Gaza 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4
Guinea-Bissau 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.4
Benin 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
South Sudan 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Malawi 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.5
Rwanda 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.4
Burkina Faso 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Mali 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0
Angola 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Ethiopia 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Chad 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.8
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.1 7.8
Curacao
Palau 2.8
Tuvalu
Taiwan, China
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Monaco
Bermuda
Serbia 1.8
Liechtenstein
American Samoa
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
San Marino
Isle of Man 1.8
Marshall Islands

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