Country name 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Germany 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Spain 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Slovenia 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Greece 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Croatia 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Macao SAR, China 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2
Japan 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Romania 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Portugal 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Bulgaria 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.2
Russian Federation 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.3
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Luxembourg 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Belgium 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Ukraine 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
Cuba 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Estonia 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.4
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Czech Republic 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.3
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Latvia 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.3
France 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Belarus 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Singapore 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Denmark 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Hungary 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Finland 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Australia 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Slovak Republic 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.5
St. Martin (French part) 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Poland 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.6
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.6
Ireland 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Thailand 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 2.0
Montenegro 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
United States 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Georgia 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Sweden 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
Malta 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
China 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.7
New Zealand 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Macedonia, FYR 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Puerto Rico 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Aruba 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Moldova 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Iceland 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Trinidad and Tobago 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Cyprus 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1
Mauritius 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.1
Sri Lanka 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Armenia 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Chile 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Kuwait 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.7
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Kazakhstan 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3
Dominica 2.5
Faroe Islands 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.6
Greenland 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Bahamas, The 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Brazil 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Seychelles 2.7
Israel 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9
Azerbaijan 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Albania 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Lebanon 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Jamaica 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
Colombia 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Turkey 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Argentina 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Guam 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Indonesia 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Panama 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
New Caledonia 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.6
Costa Rica 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8
French Polynesia 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8
Suriname 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
St. Lucia 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Myanmar 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0
Vietnam 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.9 2.7
Tunisia 3.3 3.3 3.1 2.9 2.7
Mexico 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Venezuela, RB 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Dominican Republic 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Brunei Darussalam 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9
Fiji 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3
South Africa 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Mongolia 3.7 3.5 3.2 2.9 2.7
Malaysia 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Bahrain 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1
Guyana 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Kyrgyz Republic 3.6 3.5 3.2 2.9 3.1
Grenada 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1
Ecuador 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4
Peru 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
El Salvador 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Morocco 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.3
Qatar 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6
India 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7
United Arab Emirates 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4
Uzbekistan 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.6
Turkmenistan 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.2
Bangladesh 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7
Philippines 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0
Algeria 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.7
Nicaragua 4.4 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.8
Belize 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Paraguay 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Libya 4.7 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.7
Botswana 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Kiribati 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4
Tonga 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4
Papua New Guinea 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7
Bolivia 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5
Lesotho 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7
Zimbabwe 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.4
Vanuatu 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Syrian Arab Republic 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5
Tajikistan 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6
Honduras 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.6
Samoa 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Namibia 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6
Nepal 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Cabo Verde 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6
Jordan 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7
Guatemala 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Haiti 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Bhutan 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6
Congo, Rep. 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1
Cambodia 5.4 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.7
Gabon 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Maldives 5.7 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.3
Ghana 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Swaziland 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9
Solomon Islands 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.2
Saudi Arabia 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Timor-Leste 5.5 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.4
Kenya 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.3
Central African Republic 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6
Iraq 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Sao Tome and Principe 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5
Pakistan 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.3
Djibouti 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.4
Mauritania 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Lao PDR 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.4
Sudan 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.8
Tanzania 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9
Togo 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Gambia, The 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0
Mozambique 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0
Comoros 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Madagascar 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Eritrea 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Cameroon 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Liberia 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2
Zambia 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2
Nigeria 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Senegal 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Cote d'Ivoire 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2
Oman 6.8 6.5 6.1 5.7 5.3
Guinea-Bissau 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3
Guinea 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Benin 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4
West Bank and Gaza 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Sierra Leone 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5
South Sudan 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6
Rwanda 7.0 6.8 6.5 6.3 6.2
Malawi 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.5
Burkina Faso 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Ethiopia 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0
Mali 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.3
Afghanistan 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6
Somalia 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.7
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Yemen, Rep. 8.5 8.3 8.0 7.8 7.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man 1.8
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Bermuda 1.8
Liechtenstein
Andorra
San Marino
American Samoa
Serbia 1.8 1.7
Monaco
Curacao
Palau 2.4

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