Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Spain 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Germany 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3
Slovenia 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Greece 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Russian Federation 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4
Macao SAR, China 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4
Romania 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4
Japan 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Bulgaria 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5
Estonia 2.2 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.5
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Latvia 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5
Switzerland 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Croatia 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Portugal 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Netherlands 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Ukraine 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6
Belarus 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.7
Czech Republic 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7
Hungary 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Luxembourg 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Canada 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Barbados 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
France 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Lithuania 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.7
Denmark 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Singapore 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Finland 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Montenegro 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Poland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Slovak Republic 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9
Ireland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Thailand 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Sweden 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Malta 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0
China 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0
Georgia 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
United States 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
New Zealand 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Moldova 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Macedonia, FYR 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1
Aruba 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Puerto Rico 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Kuwait 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Mauritius 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2
Iceland 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Armenia 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3
Kazakhstan 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3
Sri Lanka 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Chile 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Greenland 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Brazil 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6
Bahamas, The 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Suriname 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Azerbaijan 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
New Caledonia 3.1 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Lebanon 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Israel 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Jamaica 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Albania 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Turkey 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Kosovo 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.0 2.8
Indonesia 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Argentina 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Guam 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Costa Rica 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Panama 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Colombia 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Tunisia 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.0
Myanmar 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
French Polynesia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Vietnam 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.1
St. Lucia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Mexico 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Mongolia 4.4 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.2
Brunei Darussalam 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Venezuela, RB 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Dominican Republic 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
South Africa 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.3
Kyrgyz Republic 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.3
Fiji 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
Bahrain 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Grenada 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4
Malaysia 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4
Ecuador 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Peru 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Morocco 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6
India 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
El Salvador 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Qatar 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
United Arab Emirates 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8
Uzbekistan 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.0 3.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.2 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9
Turkmenistan 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9
Algeria 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.0
Bangladesh 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Philippines 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1
Libya 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.2
Botswana 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Paraguay 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Belize 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Nicaragua 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4
Kiribati 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Tonga 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5
Lesotho 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Zimbabwe 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7
Papua New Guinea 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7
Bolivia 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Vanuatu 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8
Tajikistan 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8
Namibia 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.8
Honduras 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8
Cabo Verde 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9
Samoa 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9
Nepal 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Jordan 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0
Bhutan 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Cambodia 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Haiti 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Sao Tome and Principe 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Maldives 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.1
Gabon 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Congo, Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2
Swaziland 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2
Ghana 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Comoros 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.3
Saudi Arabia 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4
Guatemala 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4
Solomon Islands 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5
Kenya 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
Iraq 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Pakistan 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6
Central African Republic 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7
Djibouti 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.7
Lao PDR 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8
Mauritania 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.9
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Togo 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Sudan 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Cote d'Ivoire 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0
Tanzania 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Gambia, The 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Mozambique 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Oman 7.5 7.2 6.8 6.5 6.1
Madagascar 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Cameroon 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Liberia 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Senegal 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Zambia 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Sierra Leone 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3
Nigeria 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Eritrea 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.4
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5
West Bank and Gaza 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Benin 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
Rwanda 7.5 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.6
Malawi 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.6
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Burkina Faso 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1
Ethiopia 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
Chad 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4
Burundi 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4
Somalia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.8
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Yemen, Rep. 8.8 8.7 8.5 8.3 8.1
Seychelles 2.7
San Marino
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Faeroe Islands
Tuvalu
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
Palau 2.8
Cayman Islands
Curacao
Isle of Man
Dominica 2.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.6
Serbia 1.8
Monaco
Marshall Islands

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