Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Italy 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Germany 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Macao SAR, China 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Greece 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Bulgaria 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Latvia 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1
Russian Federation 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Romania 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Estonia 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Czech Republic 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Portugal 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Croatia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.5
Austria 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Ukraine 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Japan 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Belarus 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Netherlands 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Lithuania 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Hungary 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Canada 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Slovak Republic 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
Luxembourg 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
France 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Singapore 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Isle of Man 1.8
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Poland 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Ireland 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Finland 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
China 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Sweden 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Malta 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9
Thailand 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7
Georgia 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Moldova 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
United States 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Trinidad and Tobago 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Macedonia, FYR 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Aruba 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Puerto Rico 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iceland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Armenia 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8
Cyprus 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Mauritius 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Kazakhstan 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.8
Kuwait 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.9
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Uruguay 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Chile 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2
Greenland 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.4
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Azerbaijan 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0
Brazil 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Bahamas, The 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Suriname 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8
New Caledonia 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Lebanon 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Kosovo 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Indonesia 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Turkey 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Albania 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Jamaica 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Argentina 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Costa Rica 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Vietnam 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.2
Guam 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Israel 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0
Tunisia 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2
Colombia 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Panama 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Mongolia 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3
Myanmar 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
French Polynesia 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
St. Lucia 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5
Mexico 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Brunei Darussalam 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Kyrgyz Republic 3.1 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6
Venezuela, RB 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Dominican Republic 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
South Africa 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Bahrain 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9
Grenada 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Fiji 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2
Malaysia 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Ecuador 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2
Peru 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Morocco 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.2 2.9 2.7 2.5
Uzbekistan 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.8
India 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
United Arab Emirates 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9
El Salvador 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Qatar 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Algeria 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Bangladesh 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Libya 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2
Philippines 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9
Botswana 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6
Paraguay 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Belize 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Nicaragua 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.5
Kiribati 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Tonga 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3
Zimbabwe 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2
Lesotho 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3
Syrian Arab Republic 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Bolivia 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Papua New Guinea 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Cabo Verde 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1
Tajikistan 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2
Namibia 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5
Honduras 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2
Vanuatu 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5
Bhutan 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Samoa 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6
Nepal 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3
Cambodia 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1
Jordan 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
Maldives 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.8
Haiti 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
Sao Tome and Principe 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8
Swaziland 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4
Gabon 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Ghana 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Congo, Rep. 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1
Saudi Arabia 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4
Comoros 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3
Guatemala 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Solomon Islands 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Kenya 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1
Pakistan 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9
Iraq 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Djibouti 5.5 5.4 5.1 5.0 4.8
Lao PDR 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
Central African Republic 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
Oman 5.7 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.3
Mauritania 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Togo 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Sudan 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Cote d'Ivoire 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Tanzania 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Mozambique 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8
Gambia, The 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Madagascar 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Cameroon 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Timor-Leste 6.1 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0
Senegal 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.7
Liberia 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0
Zambia 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Sierra Leone 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Nigeria 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
Eritrea 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Guinea 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
West Bank and Gaza 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.7
Rwanda 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1
Benin 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Malawi 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4
South Sudan 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Burkina Faso 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Mali 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Uganda 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9
Ethiopia 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8
Angola 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Burundi 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Afghanistan 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9
Yemen, Rep. 7.8 7.6 7.3 7.0 6.8
American Samoa
Faeroe Islands
Curacao
Palau 2.9
Dominica 1.9
Seychelles 2.1 2.0
Liechtenstein
Andorra
Serbia 1.7 1.6
San Marino
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.4
Monaco
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Bermuda 1.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands

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