Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Latvia 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Macao SAR, China 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0
Czech Republic 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0
Italy 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Bulgaria 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Russian Federation 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Greece 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Germany 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Romania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Belarus 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3
Ukraine 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1
Estonia 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Japan 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Portugal 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5
Austria 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Hungary 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Slovak Republic 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Lithuania 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Netherlands 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Poland 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Canada 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Sweden 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
China 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Croatia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.4
Singapore 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
United Kingdom 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Barbados 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
France 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Luxembourg 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Moldova 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Georgia 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Thailand 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Ireland 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Norway 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9
Trinidad and Tobago 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Macedonia, FYR 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Armenia 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7
Puerto Rico 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0
United States 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Aruba 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Malta 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Cyprus 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Azerbaijan 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Mauritius 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1
Iceland 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.0
Kazakhstan 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.7
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Chile 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1
Uruguay 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Bahamas, The 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Brazil 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Vietnam 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1
Greenland 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.3
Guyana 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Tunisia 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.1
Lebanon 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3
Mongolia 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2
Indonesia 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4
Kuwait 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.9
New Caledonia 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Turkey 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Albania 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5
Costa Rica 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5
Jamaica 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Argentina 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Suriname 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8
French Polynesia 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
St. Lucia 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4
Myanmar 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Colombia 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Guam 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Panama 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Mexico 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Israel 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.2 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3
Grenada 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
Kyrgyz Republic 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.6
Bahrain 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Venezuela, RB 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
South Africa 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Dominican Republic 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Morocco 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Algeria 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.6
United Arab Emirates 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8
Peru 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Fiji 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1
Ecuador 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Malaysia 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Uzbekistan 3.6 3.3 3.1 2.8 2.7
Turkmenistan 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
India 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
El Salvador 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Qatar 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3
Libya 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4
Bangladesh 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2
Botswana 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5
Nicaragua 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4
Philippines 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9
Paraguay 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
Belize 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Maldives 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.5
Zimbabwe 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1
Kiribati 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Syrian Arab Republic 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Cabo Verde 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.9
Tonga 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3
Bhutan 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8
Cambodia 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.9
Tajikistan 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1
Namibia 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.1
Lesotho 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Bolivia 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Honduras 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.1
Jordan 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2
Nepal 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4
Papua New Guinea 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6
Vanuatu 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5
Samoa 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Swaziland 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.3
Haiti 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4
Saudi Arabia 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.2
Sao Tome and Principe 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Gabon 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Ghana 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Oman 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.3 4.0
Solomon Islands 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Congo, Rep. 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Djibouti 5.4 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.6
Guatemala 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9
Kenya 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Lao PDR 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.4
Pakistan 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.7
Comoros 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Iraq 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1
Central African Republic 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Togo 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4
Mauritania 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4
Cote d'Ivoire 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.5
Sudan 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5
Tanzania 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8
Cameroon 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7
Madagascar 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7
Mozambique 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8
Senegal 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Gambia, The 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.9
Liberia 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9
West Bank and Gaza 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.6
Sierra Leone 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Zambia 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1
Guinea-Bissau 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9
Nigeria 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Eritrea 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Rwanda 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Guinea 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Benin 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
South Sudan 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Malawi 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Timor-Leste 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.1
Burkina Faso 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7
Mali 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Ethiopia 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.7
Angola 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Uganda 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1
Burundi 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.1
Yemen, Rep. 7.6 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.6
Chad 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Somalia 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.7
Afghanistan 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.8
Serbia 1.7 1.6
Curacao
San Marino
Taiwan, China
Dominica 1.9
Monaco
Marshall Islands 5.7
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Seychelles 2.1 2.0 2.0
Tuvalu
Bermuda 1.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.4
Palau 2.9
Cayman Islands
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa

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