Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Niger 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Somalia 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.1
Chad 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8
Afghanistan 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Burundi 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
Mali 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Angola 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
Uganda 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Timor-Leste 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.7
Burkina Faso 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Nigeria 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Malawi 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8
Zambia 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9
Ethiopia 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2
Gambia, The 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
South Sudan 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Mozambique 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Tanzania 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
Guinea 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Benin 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Yemen, Rep. 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8
Eritrea 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Equatorial Guinea 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Sierra Leone 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1
Liberia 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Guinea-Bissau 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Rwanda 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Cameroon 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2
Senegal 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1
Comoros 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1
Central African Republic 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Mauritania 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9
Madagascar 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8
Sudan 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Cote d'Ivoire 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Togo 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Kenya 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8
West Bank and Gaza 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Iraq 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Sao Tome and Principe 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4
Solomon Islands 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
Guatemala 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4
Ghana 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2
Gabon 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3
Papua New Guinea 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Tonga 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0
Djibouti 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
Zimbabwe 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9
Vanuatu 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Swaziland 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Pakistan 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6
Haiti 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Bolivia 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Jordan 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6
Namibia 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4
Lesotho 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Tajikistan 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7
Lao PDR 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Honduras 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Philippines 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Syrian Arab Republic 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2
Nepal 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Kiribati 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Saudi Arabia 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Paraguay 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Cambodia 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Belize 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0
Botswana 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Cabo Verde 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Oman 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Bhutan 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Fiji 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Nicaragua 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Israel 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0
Ecuador 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
India 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Libya 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Dominican Republic 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Peru 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Panama 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
South Africa 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Guyana 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7
Qatar 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2
Bangladesh 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Guam 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Venezuela, RB 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Turkmenistan 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Kuwait 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Kyrgyz Republic 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.8
Maldives 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Suriname 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Kosovo 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.4
Bahrain 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Colombia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Jamaica 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
El Salvador 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Mexico 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Uzbekistan 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.6
Algeria 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7
Greenland 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Morocco 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Grenada 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Argentina 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Malaysia 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
French Polynesia 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Turkey 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Kazakhstan 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
New Caledonia 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2
Myanmar 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Uruguay 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Mongolia 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4
Brazil 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Costa Rica 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9
St. Lucia 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Azerbaijan 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
United States 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Iceland 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Tunisia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Albania 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Seychelles 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2
Chile 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Ireland 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1
France 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0
Vietnam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Mauritius 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Bahamas, The 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Lebanon 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Norway 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Aruba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Puerto Rico 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Bermuda 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Trinidad and Tobago 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Sweden 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Belgium 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Luxembourg 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6
Georgia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Serbia 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
China 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Thailand 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cyprus 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Macedonia, FYR 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Canada 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Moldova 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Estonia 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Liechtenstein 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Croatia 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Austria 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Portugal 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Malta 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Germany 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Romania 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Russian Federation 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Spain 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
Greece 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
Bulgaria 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6
Japan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Latvia 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Lithuania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Singapore 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Poland 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
Czech Republic 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Belarus 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4
Ukraine 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
Korea, Rep. 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Macao SAR, China 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
St. Kitts and Nevis
Marshall Islands 4.5 4.5 4.5
San Marino
Curacao 2.1 2.0 2.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Isle of Man
Cayman Islands
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 1.5 1.7
Andorra 1.2 1.2 1.3
Monaco
Dominica
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands
American Samoa

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