Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Macao SAR, China 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Korea, Rep. 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Andorra 1.2 1.2 1.3
Singapore 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Japan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Germany 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Ukraine 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
Poland 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
Portugal 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Serbia 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Austria 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Belarus 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4
Liechtenstein 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Malta 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Lithuania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Spain 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
Macedonia, FYR 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Thailand 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Moldova 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Russian Federation 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Cyprus 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Czech Republic 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5
Greece 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Romania 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Croatia 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Bulgaria 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6
Lebanon 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
Latvia 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6
Mauritius 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Luxembourg 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6
China 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Puerto Rico 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Canada 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 1.5 1.7
Estonia 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Aruba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Albania 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Bermuda 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Georgia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Belgium 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Vietnam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Chile 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Bahamas, The 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9
Brazil 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Azerbaijan 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Costa Rica 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Sweden 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Norway 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
France 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0
St. Lucia 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Myanmar 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Malaysia 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Ireland 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1
Tunisia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
United States 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Uruguay 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Turkey 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Iceland 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
French Polynesia 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
New Caledonia 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2
Curacao 2.1 2.0 2.2
Qatar 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2
Bahrain 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Argentina 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Greenland 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Grenada 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Seychelles 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3
El Salvador 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Mexico 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Mongolia 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4
Bangladesh 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Kosovo 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.4
Maldives 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Jamaica 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Suriname 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Colombia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Morocco 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Turkmenistan 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Bhutan 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Guam 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Venezuela, RB 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
South Africa 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Cabo Verde 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Peru 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Panama 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Libya 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Uzbekistan 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.6
India 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Dominican Republic 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Kuwait 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Kazakhstan 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.7
Nicaragua 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Algeria 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7
Ecuador 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Fiji 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Guyana 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7
Kyrgyz Republic 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.8
Botswana 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Oman 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Nepal 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Belize 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0
Israel 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0
Saudi Arabia 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Cambodia 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Paraguay 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Kiribati 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Syrian Arab Republic 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2
Philippines 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Honduras 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Lesotho 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Namibia 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4
Lao PDR 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Bolivia 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Haiti 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Pakistan 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6
Jordan 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Vanuatu 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Swaziland 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Tajikistan 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7
Djibouti 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
Zimbabwe 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9
Tonga 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0
Papua New Guinea 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Guatemala 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Ghana 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2
Gabon 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3
Iraq 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Solomon Islands 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
West Bank and Gaza 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Sao Tome and Principe 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4
Kenya 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8
Sudan 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8
Madagascar 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8
Central African Republic 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Yemen, Rep. 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8
Togo 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Cote d'Ivoire 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Mauritania 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9
Comoros 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1
Rwanda 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Senegal 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1
Sierra Leone 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1
Eritrea 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Cameroon 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2
Liberia 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Ethiopia 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2
Guinea-Bissau 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Benin 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Equatorial Guinea 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Guinea 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
South Sudan 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Mozambique 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
Tanzania 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
Timor-Leste 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.7
Malawi 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8
Gambia, The 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Zambia 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9
Nigeria 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Burkina Faso 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Afghanistan 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.2
Uganda 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Angola 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Burundi 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
Chad 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8
Mali 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Somalia 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.1
Niger 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Dominica
Isle of Man
Palau
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis
Marshall Islands 4.5 4.5 4.5
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
San Marino
Tuvalu
Monaco

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