Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Niger 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Somalia 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.1
Mali 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Chad 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8
Burundi 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5
Angola 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
Uganda 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Afghanistan 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.2
Burkina Faso 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Nigeria 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Zambia 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9
Gambia, The 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Malawi 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8
Timor-Leste 6.6 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.7
Tanzania 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
Mozambique 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5
South Sudan 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4
Guinea 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Equatorial Guinea 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Benin 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Guinea-Bissau 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Ethiopia 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2
Liberia 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Cameroon 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2
Eritrea 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Sierra Leone 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1
Senegal 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Rwanda 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Comoros 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1
Mauritania 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9
Cote d'Ivoire 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Togo 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Yemen, Rep. 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8
Central African Republic 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Madagascar 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8
Sudan 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8
Kenya 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4
Sao Tome and Principe 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4
West Bank and Gaza 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Solomon Islands 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
Iraq 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Gabon 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3
Ghana 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2
Guatemala 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1
Papua New Guinea 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Tonga 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0
Zimbabwe 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9
Djibouti 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8
Tajikistan 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7
Swaziland 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Vanuatu 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Jordan 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6
Pakistan 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6
Haiti 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Bolivia 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Lao PDR 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Namibia 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4
Lesotho 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3
Honduras 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Philippines 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Syrian Arab Republic 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2
Kiribati 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Paraguay 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Cambodia 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Saudi Arabia 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Israel 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0
Belize 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Nepal 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Oman 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Botswana 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Kyrgyz Republic 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.8
Guyana 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7
Fiji 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Ecuador 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Algeria 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7
Nicaragua 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Kazakhstan 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.7
Kuwait 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Dominican Republic 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
India 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Uzbekistan 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.6
Libya 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Panama 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Peru 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Cabo Verde 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
South Africa 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Venezuela, RB 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Guam 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5
Bhutan 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Turkmenistan 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Morocco 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Colombia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Suriname 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Jamaica 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Maldives 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Kosovo 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.4
Bangladesh 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Mongolia 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4
Mexico 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
El Salvador 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Seychelles 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3
Grenada 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Greenland 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Argentina 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Bahrain 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Qatar 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2
Curacao 2.1 2.0 2.2
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2
New Caledonia 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
French Polynesia 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Iceland 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Turkey 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Uruguay 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
United States 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Ireland 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1
Tunisia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Malaysia 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Myanmar 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
St. Lucia 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
France 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Australia 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0
Norway 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Sweden 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Costa Rica 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Azerbaijan 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Brazil 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Denmark 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9
Bahamas, The 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Chile 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Vietnam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Belgium 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Georgia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Bermuda 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Albania 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Aruba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Estonia 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 1.5 1.7
Canada 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Puerto Rico 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
China 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Luxembourg 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6
Latvia 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6
Mauritius 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Lebanon 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
Bulgaria 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6
Croatia 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Romania 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Czech Republic 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5
Greece 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
Cuba 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cyprus 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Russian Federation 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Moldova 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Thailand 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Macedonia, FYR 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Spain 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
Lithuania 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Liechtenstein 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Malta 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Italy 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Belarus 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4
Austria 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Serbia 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Poland 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
Ukraine 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
Portugal 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Germany 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Japan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Singapore 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Andorra 1.2 1.2 1.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Korea, Rep. 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Macao SAR, China 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Monaco
Dominica
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau
Isle of Man
Cayman Islands
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Marshall Islands 4.5 4.5 4.5
American Samoa

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