Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Niger 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Somalia 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0
Mali 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Chad 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7
Burundi 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.4
Angola 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Uganda 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2
Afghanistan 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.2 5.9
Burkina Faso 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Nigeria 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Zambia 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Gambia, The 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Malawi 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Timor-Leste 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.7
Tanzania 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Mozambique 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
South Sudan 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Guinea 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Equatorial Guinea 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Benin 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Guinea-Bissau 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2
Ethiopia 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0
Liberia 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Cameroon 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Eritrea 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Sierra Leone 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Senegal 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Rwanda 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Comoros 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Mauritania 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Cote d'Ivoire 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9
Togo 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8
Yemen, Rep. 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7
Central African Republic 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Sudan 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Kenya 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
Sao Tome and Principe 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
West Bank and Gaza 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Solomon Islands 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Iraq 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3
Gabon 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2
Ghana 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1
Guatemala 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Papua New Guinea 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0
Tonga 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Zimbabwe 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8
Djibouti 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Tajikistan 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7
Swaziland 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Vanuatu 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Jordan 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Pakistan 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Haiti 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Bolivia 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.4
Lao PDR 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Namibia 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Lesotho 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Honduras 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Philippines 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Kiribati 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Paraguay 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Cambodia 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Saudi Arabia 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9
Israel 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
Belize 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Nepal 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Oman 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Botswana 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Kyrgyz Republic 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9
Guyana 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Fiji 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Ecuador 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Algeria 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.8
Nicaragua 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Kazakhstan 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.6
Kuwait 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7
Dominican Republic 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
India 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6
Uzbekistan 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.5
Libya 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Panama 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6
Peru 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Cabo Verde 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
South Africa 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Venezuela, RB 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Guam 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Bhutan 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4
Turkmenistan 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Morocco 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Colombia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Suriname 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Jamaica 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Maldives 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Bangladesh 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Mongolia 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4
Mexico 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
El Salvador 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Seychelles 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4
Grenada 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Greenland 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.4
Argentina 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Bahrain 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2
Qatar 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
New Caledonia 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Curacao 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.1
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.1
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
French Polynesia 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Iceland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
Turkey 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Uruguay 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
United States 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Tunisia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Ireland 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Malaysia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
St. Lucia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
France 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Australia 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Norway 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
United Arab Emirates 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Sweden 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Costa Rica 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Azerbaijan 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Brazil 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Denmark 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8
Bahamas, The 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Chile 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Vietnam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Belgium 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Georgia 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Bermuda 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Albania 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Aruba 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Montenegro 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Estonia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 1.5 1.7 1.7
Canada 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Mauritius 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Puerto Rico 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
China 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Luxembourg 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Latvia 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5
Lebanon 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5
Bulgaria 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7
Croatia 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Romania 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Czech Republic 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cuba 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cyprus 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Russian Federation 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Moldova 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5
Thailand 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Macedonia, FYR 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Greece 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Ukraine 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5
Spain 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4
Italy 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Lithuania 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Liechtenstein 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.7
Malta 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Belarus 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Austria 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Serbia 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Portugal 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Poland 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Germany 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Japan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Singapore 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Andorra 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Korea, Rep. 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Macao SAR, China 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Palau
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Faeroe Islands
Dominica
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands 4.5 4.5 4.5
Middle East (developing only)
Monaco
San Marino
American Samoa

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