Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Niger 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Somalia 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0
Mali 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Chad 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7
Burundi 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.4
Angola 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3
Uganda 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2
Nigeria 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Burkina Faso 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0
Afghanistan 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.2 5.9
Zambia 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
Gambia, The 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Malawi 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Timor-Leste 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.7
Tanzania 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
Mozambique 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5
South Sudan 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
Guinea 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3
Equatorial Guinea 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Benin 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2
Guinea-Bissau 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2
Liberia 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Cameroon 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Congo, Rep. 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1
Senegal 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1
Eritrea 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1
Ethiopia 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0
Sierra Leone 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Comoros 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Rwanda 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0
Cote d'Ivoire 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9
Mauritania 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Togo 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Central African Republic 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Sudan 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Kenya 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7
Yemen, Rep. 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7
Samoa 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
Sao Tome and Principe 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
Solomon Islands 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
West Bank and Gaza 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Iraq 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3
Gabon 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2
Ghana 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1
Guatemala 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Papua New Guinea 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0
Tonga 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Zimbabwe 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8
Tajikistan 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7
Djibouti 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7
Swaziland 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6
Vanuatu 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Jordan 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Pakistan 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5
Haiti 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Bolivia 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.4
Lao PDR 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Namibia 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Lesotho 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Honduras 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Philippines 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Kiribati 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Paraguay 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Cambodia 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Israel 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
Kyrgyz Republic 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9
Saudi Arabia 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9
Oman 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Belize 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Botswana 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Algeria 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.8
Nepal 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Guyana 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Fiji 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Ecuador 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Kuwait 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7
Nicaragua 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Dominican Republic 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
India 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6
Libya 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Panama 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6
Kazakhstan 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.6
Peru 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Uzbekistan 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.5
Morocco 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Venezuela, RB 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
South Africa 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Guam 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Cabo Verde 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Indonesia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Turkmenistan 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Bhutan 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4
Mongolia 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4
Colombia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Seychelles 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4
Suriname 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Jamaica 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Maldives 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Greenland 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.4
Kosovo 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Sri Lanka 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Bangladesh 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Mexico 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
El Salvador 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Grenada 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Iceland 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
Argentina 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
New Caledonia 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Bahrain 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Qatar 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
French Polynesia 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Turkey 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
New Zealand 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.1
Curacao 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.1
Uruguay 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Ireland 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Tunisia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Malaysia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
United States 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
France 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
St. Lucia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Norway 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Sweden 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
United Arab Emirates 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Bahamas, The 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Australia 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Costa Rica 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Chile 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Brazil 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Finland 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Vietnam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Denmark 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8
Belgium 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Barbados 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Martin (French part) 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Azerbaijan 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Georgia 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Netherlands 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Bermuda 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Albania 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Armenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Aruba 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Montenegro 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Liechtenstein 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 1.5 1.7 1.7
Estonia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Canada 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Bulgaria 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7
Puerto Rico 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
China 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Luxembourg 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Mauritius 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Croatia 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Romania 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6
Russian Federation 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Lebanon 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5
Slovenia 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Czech Republic 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5
Lithuania 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5
Greece 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Cyprus 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Moldova 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Cuba 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Macedonia, FYR 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Latvia 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5
Ukraine 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5
Thailand 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Italy 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Serbia 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Belarus 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Malta 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Poland 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Austria 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Spain 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4
Japan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Germany 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Portugal 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Hungary 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Andorra 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2
Korea, Rep. 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Macao SAR, China 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Faeroe Islands
Palau
Dominica
Monaco
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Marshall Islands 4.5 4.5 4.5
American Samoa

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