Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7
Albania 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Algeria 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.3
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Argentina 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0
Armenia 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Aruba 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Australia 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Austria 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5
Azerbaijan 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Bahamas, The 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
Bahrain 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0
Bangladesh 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9
Barbados 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Belarus 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Belize 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Benin 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.9
Bermuda
Bhutan 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.0
Bolivia 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Botswana 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.0
Brazil 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Bulgaria 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Burkina Faso 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Burundi 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6
Cabo Verde 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6
Cambodia 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9
Cameroon 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Canada 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Central Europe and the Baltics 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Chad 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Colombia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Comoros 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0
Congo, Rep. 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5
Costa Rica 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Cote d'Ivoire 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6
Croatia 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8
Cuba 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Curacao
Cyprus 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Czech Republic 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Denmark 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Djibouti 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2
Dominica 3.0
Dominican Republic 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Ecuador 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
El Salvador 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1
Equatorial Guinea 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.9
Eritrea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
Estonia 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3
Ethiopia 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5
Finland 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Fragile and conflict affected situations 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
France 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
French Polynesia 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6
Gabon 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6
Gambia, The 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
Georgia 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Germany 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Ghana 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8
Greece 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Greenland
Grenada 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Guam 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Guatemala 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
Guinea 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.6
Guinea-Bissau 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Guyana 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Haiti 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7
Honduras 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4
Hungary 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Iceland 2.1 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.3
India 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Indonesia 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.5
Iraq 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0
Ireland 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2
Isle of Man
Israel 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Italy 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Jamaica 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Japan 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7
Jordan 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.2 5.9
Kazakhstan 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1
Kenya 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.4
Kiribati 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Korea, Rep. 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6
Kosovo 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Kuwait 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.3 2.9
Kyrgyz Republic 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Lao PDR 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3
Latvia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1
Lebanon 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Lesotho 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1
Liberia 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
Libya 6.9 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.6
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Luxembourg 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Macao SAR, China 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Macedonia, FYR 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Madagascar 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3
Malawi 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.3
Malaysia 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6
Maldives 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7
Mali 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Malta 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Marshall Islands 5.9
Mauritania 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1
Mauritius 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1
Mexico 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2
Moldova 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Monaco
Mongolia 5.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.6
Montenegro 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Morocco 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.4
Mozambique 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Myanmar 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.7
Namibia 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.5
Nepal 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.3
Netherlands 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6
New Caledonia 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1
New Zealand 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.1
Nicaragua 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0
Niger 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Nigeria 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Oman 8.3 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.7
Pakistan 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
Palau
Panama 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Papua New Guinea 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9
Paraguay 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7
Peru 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Philippines 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Poland 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Portugal 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Puerto Rico 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Qatar 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3
Romania 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3
Russian Federation 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1
Rwanda 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.0 7.8
Samoa 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.3
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.6
Saudi Arabia 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.2
Senegal 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8
Serbia
Seychelles 3.0
Sierra Leone 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.7
Singapore 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.6 2.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1
Slovenia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Solomon Islands 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1
Somalia 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
South Africa 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9
South Sudan 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Spain 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Sri Lanka 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.8
St. Lucia 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6
St. Martin (French part) 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1
Sudan 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.3
Suriname 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9
Swaziland 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1
Sweden 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.0
Switzerland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Syrian Arab Republic 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Tajikistan 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3
Tanzania 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3
Thailand 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3
Timor-Leste 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Togo 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6
Tonga 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8
Trinidad and Tobago 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7
Tunisia 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9
Turkey 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.3
Turkmenistan 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Ukraine 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
United Arab Emirates 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7
United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
United States 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Uruguay 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Uzbekistan 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3
Vanuatu 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.0
Venezuela, RB 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6
Vietnam 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 9.2 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9
Zambia 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.6
Zimbabwe 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6

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