Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Italy 15 15 15 14 14
Japan 16 15 15 15 15
Germany 16 16 16 16 15
Spain 16 16 15 15 15
Greece 16 16 16 15 15
Bulgaria 17 17 17 16 16
Portugal 17 17 17 16 16
Denmark 18 18 18 18 18
Slovenia 18 17 17 16 16
Austria 18 18 17 17 17
Switzerland 18 18 18 18 17
Hungary 18 17 17 17 17
Belgium 18 18 18 18 18
Croatia 18 18 18 18 17
Czech Republic 18 18 17 17 16
Netherlands 18 18 18 18 18
Luxembourg 19 19 19 19 19
Sweden 19 19 19 19 18
Finland 19 19 19 18 18
Hong Kong SAR, China 19 19 18 18 17
Ukraine 19 19 18 18 17
France 19 19 19 19 19
United Kingdom 19 19 19 19 19
Norway 20 20 20 20 20
Estonia 20 19 19 18 18
Romania 20 20 19 19 19
Latvia 20 20 19 18 18
Canada 20 20 20 19 19
Russian Federation 21 20 20 19 18
Belarus 21 20 20 19 18
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21 21 20 20 19
Lithuania 21 21 21 20 20
Australia 21 21 21 21 21
Serbia 22 21 21 21 21
United States 22 22 22 21 21
Malta 22 22 22 21 21
Slovak Republic 22 22 21 20 20
Cuba 22 22 22 22 22
Singapore 23 22 22 22 21
Poland 23 22 21 20 19
Barbados 23 22 22 22 22
Korea, Rep. 23 22 22 21 21
New Zealand 23 23 23 23 23
Montenegro 23 23 22 22 21
Aruba 24 24 23 23 23
Ireland 24 23 22 22 21
Georgia 24 23 23 22 22
Cyprus 24 24 23 23 22
Iceland 24 24 24 24 23
Macedonia, FYR 25 24 24 23 23
Uruguay 25 25 25 25 25
Puerto Rico 25 25 24 24 24
Macao SAR, China 25 25 24 24 23
Moldova 26 25 25 24 23
United Arab Emirates 26 26 26 26 26
Curacao 26 26 26 25 25
Thailand 26 26 25 25 24
Qatar 27 27 26 26 26
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 27 27 27 26 26
China 27 27 26 26 25
Mauritius 27 27 26 26 26
Chile 28 28 27 27 27
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 28 28 27 27 26
Israel 29 29 28 28 28
Argentina 29 29 28 28 28
Armenia 29 28 27 27 26
Sri Lanka 29 28 28 27 27
Antigua and Barbuda 29 29 29 29 29
Kazakhstan 29 29 28 28 28
Kuwait 29 29 28 28 28
Trinidad and Tobago 30 29 28 27 26
New Caledonia 30 30 29 29 29
Bahrain 30 30 30 30 31
Seychelles 31 30 30 29 29
Lebanon 31 30 30 29 29
Guam 31 31 31 31 30
Bahamas, The 31 31 30 30 29
Brazil 32 31 31 30 30
Albania 32 32 31 31 30
Brunei Darussalam 33 32 32 31 31
Turkey 33 32 32 31 31
Tunisia 33 32 31 30 30
Indonesia 33 32 32 31 31
Costa Rica 33 33 32 31 31
Panama 33 33 33 32 32
Jamaica 34 33 33 33 33
Azerbaijan 34 33 33 32 31
French Polynesia 34 33 33 32 32
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 34 33 33 32 31
Colombia 34 33 33 32 32
Myanmar 34 34 33 32 32
Suriname 34 34 34 34 34
St. Lucia 35 34 34 33 32
Guyana 35 35 35 35 36
Vietnam 35 34 33 33 32
Malaysia 35 35 34 34 34
South Africa 36 35 35 35 35
Mexico 36 35 35 35 34
Venezuela, RB 36 35 35 35 34
Peru 36 36 35 35 34
Ecuador 36 36 35 35 35
Libya 36 35 35 34 33
India 36 36 36 35 35
Fiji 36 36 36 35 35
Morocco 37 36 35 34 34
Dominican Republic 37 36 36 35 35
Kyrgyz Republic 37 37 36 36 35
El Salvador 37 37 37 36 36
Grenada 37 37 36 36 35
Mongolia 38 37 36 36 35
Algeria 39 38 37 35 34
Egypt, Arab Rep. 39 38 38 37 36
Turkmenistan 39 39 38 37 36
Oman 39 39 38 38 37
Bangladesh 39 39 38 38 37
Tonga 39 39 39 38 38
Philippines 40 39 39 39 38
Bolivia 40 39 39 39 38
Uzbekistan 40 39 38 38 37
Paraguay 40 40 39 39 38
Saudi Arabia 40 39 38 38 37
Samoa 41 40 40 41 41
Jordan 41 40 40 40 39
Papua New Guinea 41 41 40 40 40
Iran, Islamic Rep. 41 39 38 36 35
Botswana 41 40 40 39 38
Kiribati 41 41 41 40 40
Nepal 42 41 41 41 41
Gabon 42 41 41 41 41
Namibia 42 42 41 41 40
Lesotho 42 42 42 41 41
Belize 42 42 41 41 41
Congo, Rep. 42 42 42 42 42
Haiti 42 42 41 41 40
Pakistan 42 42 42 42 41
Nicaragua 42 42 41 40 40
Vanuatu 43 42 42 42 41
Ghana 43 42 42 42 41
Equatorial Guinea 43 43 43 43 43
Central African Republic 43 43 42 42 42
Djibouti 43 43 42 42 41
Solomon Islands 43 43 42 42 42
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 43 42 42 41 40
Syrian Arab Republic 43 43 42 41 41
Bhutan 43 43 42 41 41
Rwanda 43 44 44 45 45
Cote d'Ivoire 44 44 44 44 43
Mauritania 44 44 43 43 43
Liberia 44 44 44 43 43
Iraq 44 44 43 43 43
Honduras 44 44 43 43 42
Nigeria 44 44 44 44 44
Tajikistan 44 44 44 43 43
Guatemala 44 44 44 43 43
Zimbabwe 44 44 44 43 43
Timor-Leste 44 46 47 49 50
Guinea 44 44 44 44 44
Lao PDR 44 44 44 44 43
Sudan 44 44 44 44 44
Sierra Leone 44 44 44 44 44
South Sudan 45 45 45 45 45
Guinea-Bissau 45 45 44 44 44
Madagascar 45 45 45 45 45
Mozambique 45 45 45 45 45
Sao Tome and Principe 45 45 45 45 45
Cabo Verde 45 45 45 44 44
Comoros 45 45 45 44 44
Tanzania 45 45 45 45 45
Togo 45 45 45 45 44
Benin 45 46 46 45 45
Maldives 46 45 43 42 41
Senegal 46 46 46 45 45
Kenya 46 46 45 45 44
Cameroon 46 46 46 46 45
Somalia 46 46 47 47 47
Cambodia 46 46 44 43 42
Malawi 46 47 47 47 47
Congo, Dem. Rep. 47 47 47 47 47
Gambia, The 47 46 46 46 46
Mali 47 47 47 47 47
Ethiopia 47 47 47 47 46
Zambia 47 47 47 47 47
Burkina Faso 47 47 47 47 47
Swaziland 47 47 46 45 45
Niger 47 48 48 48 48
Angola 48 48 48 48 48
Afghanistan 48 48 48 48 49
Chad 48 49 49 49 49
West Bank and Gaza 49 49 48 48 48
Uganda 49 49 49 49 49
Eritrea 49 48 48 47 46
Burundi 49 49 49 49 49
Yemen, Rep. 50 50 49 49 49
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Faroe Islands
San Marino
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Monaco
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
Palau
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Dominica
Andorra
American Samoa
Marshall Islands

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