Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan 48 48 48 48 49
Albania 32 32 31 31 30
Algeria 39 38 37 35 34
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 48 48 48 48 48
Antigua and Barbuda 29 29 29 29 29
Argentina 29 29 28 28 28
Armenia 29 28 27 27 26
Aruba 24 24 23 23 23
Australia 21 21 21 21 21
Austria 18 18 17 17 17
Azerbaijan 34 33 33 32 31
Bahamas, The 31 31 30 30 29
Bahrain 30 30 30 30 31
Bangladesh 39 39 38 38 37
Barbados 23 22 22 22 22
Belarus 21 20 20 19 18
Belgium 18 18 18 18 18
Belize 42 42 41 41 41
Benin 45 46 46 45 45
Bermuda
Bhutan 43 43 42 41 41
Bolivia 40 39 39 39 38
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21 21 20 20 19
Botswana 41 40 40 39 38
Brazil 32 31 31 30 30
Brunei Darussalam 33 32 32 31 31
Bulgaria 17 17 17 16 16
Burkina Faso 47 47 47 47 47
Burundi 49 49 49 49 49
Cabo Verde 45 45 45 44 44
Cambodia 46 46 44 43 42
Cameroon 46 46 46 46 45
Canada 20 20 20 19 19
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 43 43 42 42 42
Chad 48 49 49 49 49
Chile 28 28 27 27 27
China 27 27 26 26 25
Colombia 34 33 33 32 32
Comoros 45 45 45 44 44
Congo, Dem. Rep. 47 47 47 47 47
Congo, Rep. 42 42 42 42 42
Costa Rica 33 33 32 31 31
Cote d'Ivoire 44 44 44 44 43
Croatia 18 18 18 18 17
Cuba 22 22 22 22 22
Curacao 26 26 26 25 25
Cyprus 24 24 23 23 22
Czech Republic 18 18 17 17 16
Denmark 18 18 18 18 18
Djibouti 43 43 42 42 41
Dominica
Dominican Republic 37 36 36 35 35
Ecuador 36 36 35 35 35
Egypt, Arab Rep. 39 38 38 37 36
El Salvador 37 37 37 36 36
Equatorial Guinea 43 43 43 43 43
Eritrea 49 48 48 47 46
Estonia 20 19 19 18 18
Ethiopia 47 47 47 47 46
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 36 36 36 35 35
Finland 19 19 19 18 18
France 19 19 19 19 19
French Polynesia 34 33 33 32 32
Gabon 42 41 41 41 41
Gambia, The 47 46 46 46 46
Georgia 24 23 23 22 22
Germany 16 16 16 16 15
Ghana 43 42 42 42 41
Greece 16 16 16 15 15
Greenland
Grenada 37 37 36 36 35
Guam 31 31 31 31 30
Guatemala 44 44 44 43 43
Guinea 44 44 44 44 44
Guinea-Bissau 45 45 44 44 44
Guyana 35 35 35 35 36
Haiti 42 42 41 41 40
Honduras 44 44 43 43 42
Hong Kong SAR, China 19 19 18 18 17
Hungary 18 17 17 17 17
Iceland 24 24 24 24 23
India 36 36 36 35 35
Indonesia 33 32 32 31 31
Iran, Islamic Rep. 41 39 38 36 35
Iraq 44 44 43 43 43
Ireland 24 23 22 22 21
Isle of Man
Israel 29 29 28 28 28
Italy 15 15 15 14 14
Jamaica 34 33 33 33 33
Japan 16 15 15 15 15
Jordan 41 40 40 40 39
Kazakhstan 29 29 28 28 28
Kenya 46 46 45 45 44
Kiribati 41 41 41 40 40
Korea, Dem. Rep. 27 27 27 26 26
Korea, Rep. 23 22 22 21 21
Kuwait 29 29 28 28 28
Kyrgyz Republic 37 37 36 36 35
Lao PDR 44 44 44 44 43
Latvia 20 20 19 18 18
Lebanon 31 30 30 29 29
Lesotho 42 42 42 41 41
Liberia 44 44 44 43 43
Libya 36 35 35 34 33
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 21 21 21 20 20
Luxembourg 19 19 19 19 19
Macao SAR, China 25 25 24 24 23
Macedonia, FYR 25 24 24 23 23
Madagascar 45 45 45 45 45
Malawi 46 47 47 47 47
Malaysia 35 35 34 34 34
Maldives 46 45 43 42 41
Mali 47 47 47 47 47
Malta 22 22 22 21 21
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 44 44 43 43 43
Mauritius 27 27 26 26 26
Mexico 36 35 35 35 34
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 43 42 42 41 40
Moldova 26 25 25 24 23
Monaco
Mongolia 38 37 36 36 35
Montenegro 23 23 22 22 21
Morocco 37 36 35 34 34
Mozambique 45 45 45 45 45
Myanmar 34 34 33 32 32
Namibia 42 42 41 41 40
Nepal 42 41 41 41 41
Netherlands 18 18 18 18 18
New Caledonia 30 30 29 29 29
New Zealand 23 23 23 23 23
Nicaragua 42 42 41 40 40
Niger 47 48 48 48 48
Nigeria 44 44 44 44 44
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 20 20 20 20 20
Oman 39 39 38 38 37
Pakistan 42 42 42 42 41
Palau
Panama 33 33 33 32 32
Papua New Guinea 41 41 40 40 40
Paraguay 40 40 39 39 38
Peru 36 36 35 35 34
Philippines 40 39 39 39 38
Poland 23 22 21 20 19
Portugal 17 17 17 16 16
Puerto Rico 25 25 24 24 24
Qatar 27 27 26 26 26
Romania 20 20 19 19 19
Russian Federation 21 20 20 19 18
Rwanda 43 44 44 45 45
Samoa 41 40 40 41 41
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 45 45 45 45 45
Saudi Arabia 40 39 38 38 37
Senegal 46 46 46 45 45
Serbia 22 21 21 21 21
Seychelles 31 30 30 29 29
Sierra Leone 44 44 44 44 44
Singapore 23 22 22 22 21
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 22 22 21 20 20
Slovenia 18 17 17 16 16
Solomon Islands 43 43 42 42 42
Somalia 46 46 47 47 47
South Africa 36 35 35 35 35
South Sudan 45 45 45 45 45
Spain 16 16 15 15 15
Sri Lanka 29 28 28 27 27
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 35 34 34 33 32
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 34 33 33 32 31
Sudan 44 44 44 44 44
Suriname 34 34 34 34 34
Swaziland 47 47 46 45 45
Sweden 19 19 19 19 18
Switzerland 18 18 18 18 17
Syrian Arab Republic 43 43 42 41 41
Tajikistan 44 44 44 43 43
Tanzania 45 45 45 45 45
Thailand 26 26 25 25 24
Timor-Leste 44 46 47 49 50
Togo 45 45 45 45 44
Tonga 39 39 39 38 38
Trinidad and Tobago 30 29 28 27 26
Tunisia 33 32 31 30 30
Turkey 33 32 32 31 31
Turkmenistan 39 39 38 37 36
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 49 49 49 49 49
Ukraine 19 19 18 18 17
United Arab Emirates 26 26 26 26 26
United Kingdom 19 19 19 19 19
United States 22 22 22 21 21
Uruguay 25 25 25 25 25
Uzbekistan 40 39 38 38 37
Vanuatu 43 42 42 42 41
Venezuela, RB 36 35 35 35 34
Vietnam 35 34 33 33 32
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 28 28 27 27 26
West Bank and Gaza 49 49 48 48 48
Yemen, Rep. 50 50 49 49 49
Zambia 47 47 47 47 47
Zimbabwe 44 44 44 43 43

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