Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Italy 15 15 15 14 14
Japan 16 15 15 15 15
Spain 16 16 15 15 15
Greece 16 16 16 15 15
Germany 16 16 16 16 15
Bulgaria 17 17 17 16 16
Portugal 17 17 17 16 16
Slovenia 18 17 17 16 16
Czech Republic 18 18 17 17 16
Hungary 18 17 17 17 17
Austria 18 18 17 17 17
Switzerland 18 18 18 18 17
Croatia 18 18 18 18 17
Belgium 18 18 18 18 18
Denmark 18 18 18 18 18
Ukraine 19 19 18 18 17
Hong Kong SAR, China 19 19 18 18 17
Netherlands 18 18 18 18 18
Finland 19 19 19 18 18
Sweden 19 19 19 19 18
Estonia 20 19 19 18 18
Luxembourg 19 19 19 19 19
Latvia 20 20 19 18 18
France 19 19 19 19 19
United Kingdom 19 19 19 19 19
Romania 20 20 19 19 19
Russian Federation 21 20 20 19 18
Canada 20 20 20 19 19
Belarus 21 20 20 19 18
Norway 20 20 20 20 20
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21 21 20 20 19
Lithuania 21 21 21 20 20
Slovak Republic 22 22 21 20 20
Poland 23 22 21 20 19
Serbia 22 21 21 21 21
Australia 21 21 21 21 21
United States 22 22 22 21 21
Malta 22 22 22 21 21
Korea, Rep. 23 22 22 21 21
Singapore 23 22 22 22 21
Cuba 22 22 22 22 22
Barbados 23 22 22 22 22
Montenegro 23 23 22 22 21
Ireland 24 23 22 22 21
Georgia 24 23 23 22 22
New Zealand 23 23 23 23 23
Cyprus 24 24 23 23 22
Aruba 24 24 23 23 23
Macedonia, FYR 25 24 24 23 23
Iceland 24 24 24 24 23
Puerto Rico 25 25 24 24 24
Macao SAR, China 25 25 24 24 23
Uruguay 25 25 25 25 25
Moldova 26 25 25 24 23
Thailand 26 26 25 25 24
Curacao 26 26 26 25 25
United Arab Emirates 26 26 26 26 26
China 27 27 26 26 25
Qatar 27 27 26 26 26
Mauritius 27 27 26 26 26
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 27 27 27 26 26
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 28 28 27 27 26
Chile 28 28 27 27 27
Armenia 29 28 27 27 26
Trinidad and Tobago 30 29 28 27 26
Sri Lanka 29 28 28 27 27
Israel 29 29 28 28 28
Kuwait 29 29 28 28 28
Argentina 29 29 28 28 28
Kazakhstan 29 29 28 28 28
Antigua and Barbuda 29 29 29 29 29
New Caledonia 30 30 29 29 29
Seychelles 31 30 30 29 29
Lebanon 31 30 30 29 29
Bahrain 30 30 30 30 31
Bahamas, The 31 31 30 30 29
Brazil 32 31 31 30 30
Guam 31 31 31 31 30
Albania 32 32 31 31 30
Tunisia 33 32 31 30 30
Brunei Darussalam 33 32 32 31 31
Turkey 33 32 32 31 31
Indonesia 33 32 32 31 31
Costa Rica 33 33 32 31 31
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 34 33 33 32 31
Azerbaijan 34 33 33 32 31
Panama 33 33 33 32 32
Colombia 34 33 33 32 32
French Polynesia 34 33 33 32 32
Myanmar 34 34 33 32 32
Jamaica 34 33 33 33 33
Vietnam 35 34 33 33 32
St. Lucia 35 34 34 33 32
Suriname 34 34 34 34 34
Malaysia 35 35 34 34 34
Libya 36 35 35 34 33
Guyana 35 35 35 35 36
Mexico 36 35 35 35 34
Venezuela, RB 36 35 35 35 34
Morocco 37 36 35 34 34
Peru 36 36 35 35 34
South Africa 36 35 35 35 35
Ecuador 36 36 35 35 35
India 36 36 36 35 35
Fiji 36 36 36 35 35
Dominican Republic 37 36 36 35 35
Kyrgyz Republic 37 37 36 36 35
Grenada 37 37 36 36 35
Mongolia 38 37 36 36 35
Algeria 39 38 37 35 34
El Salvador 37 37 37 36 36
Egypt, Arab Rep. 39 38 38 37 36
Turkmenistan 39 39 38 37 36
Iran, Islamic Rep. 41 39 38 36 35
Oman 39 39 38 38 37
Bangladesh 39 39 38 38 37
Uzbekistan 40 39 38 38 37
Saudi Arabia 40 39 38 38 37
Tonga 39 39 39 38 38
Bolivia 40 39 39 39 38
Philippines 40 39 39 39 38
Paraguay 40 40 39 39 38
Botswana 41 40 40 39 38
Jordan 41 40 40 40 39
Papua New Guinea 41 41 40 40 40
Samoa 41 40 40 41 41
Kiribati 41 41 41 40 40
Nicaragua 42 42 41 40 40
Namibia 42 42 41 41 40
Gabon 42 41 41 41 41
Belize 42 42 41 41 41
Nepal 42 41 41 41 41
Haiti 42 42 41 41 40
Lesotho 42 42 42 41 41
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 43 42 42 41 40
Congo, Rep. 42 42 42 42 42
Pakistan 42 42 42 42 41
Vanuatu 43 42 42 42 41
Ghana 43 42 42 42 41
Syrian Arab Republic 43 43 42 41 41
Bhutan 43 43 42 41 41
Djibouti 43 43 42 42 41
Central African Republic 43 43 42 42 42
Solomon Islands 43 43 42 42 42
Equatorial Guinea 43 43 43 43 43
Honduras 44 44 43 43 42
Mauritania 44 44 43 43 43
Maldives 46 45 43 42 41
Iraq 44 44 43 43 43
Guatemala 44 44 44 43 43
Zimbabwe 44 44 44 43 43
Liberia 44 44 44 43 43
Cote d'Ivoire 44 44 44 44 43
Tajikistan 44 44 44 43 43
Nigeria 44 44 44 44 44
Lao PDR 44 44 44 44 43
Sudan 44 44 44 44 44
Rwanda 43 44 44 45 45
Sierra Leone 44 44 44 44 44
Guinea-Bissau 45 45 44 44 44
Cambodia 46 46 44 43 42
Guinea 44 44 44 44 44
Cabo Verde 45 45 45 44 44
Comoros 45 45 45 44 44
South Sudan 45 45 45 45 45
Sao Tome and Principe 45 45 45 45 45
Togo 45 45 45 45 44
Mozambique 45 45 45 45 45
Kenya 46 46 45 45 44
Tanzania 45 45 45 45 45
Madagascar 45 45 45 45 45
Benin 45 46 46 45 45
Senegal 46 46 46 45 45
Cameroon 46 46 46 46 45
Swaziland 47 47 46 45 45
Gambia, The 47 46 46 46 46
Mali 47 47 47 47 47
Congo, Dem. Rep. 47 47 47 47 47
Ethiopia 47 47 47 47 46
Somalia 46 46 47 47 47
Zambia 47 47 47 47 47
Malawi 46 47 47 47 47
Burkina Faso 47 47 47 47 47
Timor-Leste 44 46 47 49 50
Eritrea 49 48 48 47 46
Niger 47 48 48 48 48
Angola 48 48 48 48 48
Afghanistan 48 48 48 48 49
West Bank and Gaza 49 49 48 48 48
Chad 48 49 49 49 49
Uganda 49 49 49 49 49
Burundi 49 49 49 49 49
Yemen, Rep. 50 50 49 49 49
American Samoa
St. Kitts and Nevis
Faroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Tuvalu
Bermuda
Dominica
Monaco
San Marino
Marshall Islands
Isle of Man
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau
Northern Mariana Islands

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