Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Afghanistan 49 49 48 48 48
Albania 34 34 33 33 33
Algeria 44 43 43 42 41
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 47 48 48 48 48
Antigua and Barbuda 30 30 30 30 29
Argentina 31 30 30 30 29
Armenia 30 30 30 30 30
Aruba 25 24 24 24 24
Australia 22 22 22 22 22
Austria 17 17 18 18 18
Azerbaijan 34 34 34 34 34
Bahamas, The 32 32 32 32 32
Bahrain 33 32 32 31 30
Bangladesh 42 42 41 41 40
Barbados 24 24 23 23 23
Belarus 23 23 23 23 22
Belgium 18 18 18 18 18
Belize 43 43 43 43 43
Benin 46 46 46 46 45
Bermuda
Bhutan 44 44 44 44 44
Bolivia 41 41 41 41 41
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24 24 23 23 22
Botswana 45 44 44 43 42
Brazil 35 35 34 34 33
Brunei Darussalam 34 34 34 34 33
Bulgaria 20 20 19 19 18
Burkina Faso 47 47 47 47 47
Burundi 48 48 49 49 49
Cabo Verde 46 46 45 45 45
Cambodia 44 45 46 46 47
Cameroon 46 46 46 46 46
Canada 21 21 21 21 21
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 43 43 43 43 43
Chad 47 48 48 48 48
Chile 30 30 30 30 30
China 29 29 29 29 29
Colombia 37 36 36 36 35
Comoros 45 45 45 44 44
Congo, Dem. Rep. 46 46 46 46 46
Congo, Rep. 44 43 43 43 43
Costa Rica 36 36 35 35 35
Cote d'Ivoire 45 44 44 44 43
Croatia 20 20 19 19 19
Cuba 23 23 23 23 23
Curacao 27 27 27 27 27
Cyprus 25 25 25 25 25
Czech Republic 22 21 20 20 19
Denmark 17 17 17 17 17
Djibouti 45 45 45 44 44
Dominica
Dominican Republic 39 38 38 38 37
Ecuador 38 38 37 37 37
Egypt, Arab Rep. 40 39 39 39 38
El Salvador 42 41 41 40 40
Equatorial Guinea 38 39 40 40 41
Eritrea 47 47 48 49 49
Estonia 22 22 22 21 21
Ethiopia 46 46 46 46 47
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 38 38 38 37 37
Finland 19 19 19 19 19
France 20 20 20 20 20
French Polynesia 36 35 35 35 35
Gabon 41 42 42 42 42
Gambia, The 46 46 46 46 47
Georgia 25 25 24 24 24
Germany 16 16 16 16 16
Ghana 44 44 43 43 43
Greece 19 19 18 18 17
Greenland
Grenada 39 39 39 39 38
Guam 30 30 30 30 31
Guatemala 45 45 45 45 45
Guinea 44 44 44 44 44
Guinea-Bissau 44 44 44 44 44
Guyana 34 34 34 34 34
Haiti 43 43 43 43 43
Honduras 45 45 45 45 45
Hong Kong SAR, China 21 21 21 20 20
Hungary 20 20 19 19 18
Iceland 25 25 25 25 25
India 38 37 37 37 36
Indonesia 36 36 35 35 34
Iran, Islamic Rep. 45 45 44 44 43
Iraq 46 46 45 45 45
Ireland 27 26 26 25 25
Isle of Man
Israel 31 31 30 30 29
Italy 16 16 16 15 15
Jamaica 35 35 35 34 34
Japan 18 18 17 17 16
Jordan 46 45 44 43 41
Kazakhstan 32 31 31 31 30
Kenya 49 49 48 47 47
Kiribati 40 41 41 41 41
Korea, Dem. Rep. 27 27 27 27 27
Korea, Rep. 26 25 24 24 23
Kuwait 35 34 33 31 29
Kyrgyz Republic 38 38 38 38 38
Lao PDR 44 44 44 44 44
Latvia 21 21 21 21 21
Lebanon 34 34 33 33 32
Lesotho 44 44 43 43 42
Liberia 45 45 45 45 44
Libya 42 41 40 40 39
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 23 22 22 22 22
Luxembourg 17 18 18 18 18
Macao SAR, China 25 26 26 26 26
Macedonia, FYR 26 26 26 25 25
Madagascar 45 45 45 45 45
Malawi 46 45 45 45 45
Malaysia 37 37 37 36 36
Maldives 47 47 47 47 47
Mali 46 46 46 46 46
Malta 25 25 24 24 24
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 45 44 44 44 44
Mauritius 29 29 28 28 28
Mexico 38 38 37 37 36
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 44 44 44 44 44
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova 28 28 28 27 27
Monaco
Mongolia 40 40 40 40 39
Montenegro 26 26 25 25 24
Morocco 40 40 40 39 38
Mozambique 47 46 46 45 45
Myanmar 38 37 36 36 35
Namibia 44 43 43 43 42
Nepal 42 42 42 42 41
Netherlands 18 18 18 18 18
New Caledonia 32 31 31 31 30
New Zealand 23 23 23 23 23
Nicaragua 46 46 45 45 44
Niger 48 48 48 48 48
Nigeria 45 45 45 44 44
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 19 19 19 19 19
Oman 45 44 43 42 41
Pakistan 44 44 44 44 43
Palau
Panama 36 35 35 34 34
Papua New Guinea 42 42 41 41 41
Paraguay 41 41 41 41 41
Peru 38 38 37 37 37
Philippines 41 41 41 40 40
Poland 25 25 24 24 23
Portugal 21 20 19 19 18
Puerto Rico 27 27 26 26 26
Qatar 28 28 28 27 27
Romania 24 23 23 22 21
Russian Federation 23 23 23 22 22
Rwanda 50 49 48 46 44
Samoa 40 40 40 40 41
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 48 48 48 48 48
Saudi Arabia 42 42 42 42 41
Senegal 47 47 47 46 46
Serbia 24 24 24 23 23
Seychelles 35 34 33 32 31
Sierra Leone 45 45 44 44 44
Singapore 21 21 22 22 22
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 25 25 24 24 23
Slovenia 21 20 20 19 19
Solomon Islands 45 45 45 44 44
Somalia 45 45 45 45 46
South Africa 39 38 38 37 37
South Sudan 44 44 44 44 44
Spain 20 19 18 18 17
Sri Lanka 32 32 31 31 30
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 37 36 36 36 35
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 38 37 37 36 35
Sudan 45 45 45 45 45
Suriname 33 33 33 33 32
Swaziland 48 48 48 48 48
Sweden 18 18 18 19 19
Switzerland 17 17 17 17 18
Syrian Arab Republic 47 46 46 45 44
Tajikistan 44 44 44 44 44
Tanzania 46 46 46 46 45
Thailand 30 30 29 28 28
Timor-Leste 40 40 40 41 41
Togo 46 46 46 46 46
Tonga 39 39 39 40 40
Trinidad and Tobago 34 33 33 32 32
Tunisia 38 37 37 36 35
Turkey 36 36 35 35 34
Turkmenistan 40 40 40 40 40
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 48 48 48 48 49
Ukraine 22 21 21 21 21
United Arab Emirates 31 30 29 28 27
United Kingdom 19 19 19 19 19
United States 22 22 22 22 22
Uruguay 26 26 26 25 25
Uzbekistan 41 41 41 41 40
Vanuatu 44 44 43 43 43
Venezuela, RB 38 38 37 37 36
Vietnam 37 37 37 37 36
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 29 28 28 28 28
West Bank and Gaza 48 48 48 48 48
Yemen, Rep. 52 52 52 51 51
Zambia 46 46 46 46 46
Zimbabwe 46 46 45 45 45

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