Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Yemen, Rep. 46 47 47 47 48
Burundi 48 48 48 48 48
Sao Tome and Principe 48 49 50 50 51
Uganda 49 48 48 48 48
Chad 49 49 48 48 48
Eritrea 49 49 49 50 50
Swaziland 50 50 51 51 52
West Bank and Gaza 50 50 50 50 50
Afghanistan 50 50 49 49 49
Burkina Faso 50 50 50 50 50
Angola 50 50 50 50 50
Niger 50 50 50 50 50
Mali 50 50 50 50 50
Cambodia 50 51 52 53 54
Ethiopia 50 50 50 50 50
Cameroon 50 51 51 51 51
Cabo Verde 50 51 51 52 52
Gambia, The 51 51 51 51 51
Maldives 51 51 52 53 54
Congo, Dem. Rep. 51 51 51 51 51
Senegal 51 51 51 51 52
Kenya 51 51 52 52 53
Somalia 51 51 51 50 50
Togo 51 52 52 52 53
Guatemala 51 52 52 52 52
Benin 52 52 52 52 52
Zambia 52 52 52 52 52
Tajikistan 52 52 52 52 53
Tanzania 52 52 52 52 52
Lao PDR 52 52 52 52 53
Honduras 52 52 53 53 53
Madagascar 52 52 52 52 52
Iraq 52 53 53 53 53
Malawi 52 52 52 52 51
Guinea-Bissau 52 52 53 53 53
Guinea 52 52 52 52 52
Zimbabwe 52 53 53 54 54
Gabon 53 53 53 53 53
Sudan 53 53 53 53 53
South Sudan 53 53 52 52 52
Nicaragua 53 53 54 54 55
Bhutan 53 53 53 54 55
Mozambique 53 53 53 53 53
Belize 53 53 54 54 55
Pakistan 53 53 53 54 54
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 53 53 54 55 55
Liberia 53 53 53 54 54
Mauritania 53 53 53 54 54
Nigeria 53 53 53 53 54
Syrian Arab Republic 53 54 54 55 55
Central African Republic 53 53 53 54 54
Comoros 53 54 54 55 55
Haiti 53 54 54 55 55
Lesotho 54 54 54 54 54
Sierra Leone 54 54 54 54 54
Congo, Rep. 54 54 54 54 54
Djibouti 54 54 54 55 55
Vanuatu 54 54 54 55 55
Grenada 54 54 55 56 56
Solomon Islands 54 54 55 55 55
Equatorial Guinea 54 54 53 53 53
Cote d'Ivoire 54 54 55 55 55
Iran, Islamic Rep. 54 55 57 58 60
Ghana 54 55 55 55 55
Rwanda 55 54 53 52 51
Namibia 55 55 55 56 56
Tonga 55 55 55 56 56
Samoa 55 55 55 55 55
Nepal 55 55 56 56 56
Bolivia 55 55 55 56 56
Paraguay 55 56 56 57 57
Timor-Leste 55 54 52 50 49
El Salvador 55 56 56 56 56
Kiribati 56 56 56 56 56
Botswana 56 56 57 58 58
Uzbekistan 56 56 57 57 58
Saudi Arabia 56 57 57 57 57
Jordan 56 57 57 57 57
Bangladesh 56 57 57 58 58
Turkmenistan 56 57 57 58 59
Algeria 56 57 59 60 61
Papua New Guinea 57 57 57 57 57
Kyrgyz Republic 57 57 58 58 59
Egypt, Arab Rep. 57 57 58 58 59
Philippines 57 57 58 58 58
St. Lucia 57 58 58 59 59
Mongolia 58 58 59 60 61
Oman 58 59 59 60 60
Morocco 58 59 59 60 61
Vietnam 58 59 60 60 61
Dominican Republic 59 59 59 59 60
Libya 59 59 60 61 62
Jamaica 59 59 59 59 60
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 59 59 60 61 61
Ecuador 59 59 60 60 60
Peru 60 60 60 60 61
Mexico 60 60 60 60 61
Venezuela, RB 60 60 61 61 61
India 60 60 60 61 61
Guyana 60 60 60 60 60
Fiji 60 61 61 61 61
Costa Rica 60 61 61 62 62
Tunisia 60 61 62 63 63
Malaysia 61 61 61 62 62
South Africa 61 61 62 63 63
Colombia 61 61 61 62 62
Myanmar 61 62 62 63 64
Panama 61 61 62 62 62
Israel 61 61 62 62 62
Argentina 61 61 62 62 62
Azerbaijan 61 62 62 62 63
Turkey 62 62 62 63 63
Albania 62 62 62 62 63
French Polynesia 62 62 63 63 63
Armenia 62 62 63 63 64
Indonesia 62 63 63 64 64
Lebanon 62 63 63 64 64
Antigua and Barbuda 62 62 63 63 63
Seychelles 62 63 63 63 63
Brazil 63 63 64 64 65
Uruguay 63 63 62 62 62
Suriname 63 63 63 63 63
Kazakhstan 63 63 64 64 65
Trinidad and Tobago 63 64 65 66 67
Sweden 64 64 64 64 64
Chile 64 64 64 64 65
Bahamas, The 64 64 64 65 65
Puerto Rico 64 64 65 65 65
Iceland 64 64 65 65 65
Ireland 64 65 65 66 67
Brunei Darussalam 64 65 65 66 66
Moldova 64 65 65 65 66
Guam 64 64 64 64 64
Sri Lanka 64 65 65 66 66
Norway 65 65 65 65 65
Curacao 65 65 65 65 65
Georgia 65 65 65 65 65
United Kingdom 65 65 65 65 65
New Caledonia 65 65 65 65 65
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 65 65 65 65 65
France 65 65 65 65 65
China 65 66 66 66 67
New Zealand 65 65 65 65 65
Cyprus 65 66 66 67 67
United States 66 66 66 66 66
Latvia 66 66 66 66 67
Estonia 66 66 66 66 67
Belarus 66 66 66 67 67
Lithuania 66 66 66 66 66
Poland 66 66 67 67 68
Belgium 66 66 66 66 66
Ukraine 66 67 67 68 68
Serbia 66 66 66 67 67
Barbados 66 66 66 66 66
Slovak Republic 66 67 67 68 68
Russian Federation 67 67 68 68 69
Australia 67 67 67 67 67
Finland 67 67 67 67 67
Macedonia, FYR 67 67 67 67 67
Malta 67 67 67 68 68
Austria 67 67 67 67 67
Bulgaria 67 67 67 67 68
Macao SAR, China 67 67 68 68 69
Montenegro 67 67 67 67 67
Thailand 67 68 68 69 69
Portugal 67 67 67 68 68
Mauritius 67 67 68 68 68
Bahrain 67 67 67 67 67
Denmark 67 67 67 67 67
Romania 67 68 68 68 68
Hungary 68 68 68 68 68
Luxembourg 68 67 67 67 67
Canada 68 68 68 68 68
Switzerland 68 68 67 67 67
Korea, Dem. Rep. 68 68 68 68 68
Greece 68 68 68 68 68
Spain 68 68 68 68 68
Croatia 68 68 68 68 67
Czech Republic 68 69 69 69 69
Cuba 68 68 68 68 68
Germany 68 68 68 68 68
Italy 68 68 68 68 68
Netherlands 68 68 68 68 68
Slovenia 69 70 70 70 70
Japan 70 69 69 69 69
Aruba 70 70 70 69 69
Bosnia and Herzegovina 70 70 70 70 69
Kuwait 71 72 72 72 71
Hong Kong SAR, China 71 71 71 71 72
Korea, Rep. 71 71 71 72 72
Singapore 71 71 71 71 71
Qatar 72 72 72 73 73
United Arab Emirates 72 73 73 73 73
Middle East (developing only)
Andorra
Bermuda
St. Kitts and Nevis
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau
St. Martin (French part)
San Marino
Monaco
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Greenland
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Faeroe Islands
Dominica
American Samoa

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