Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Yemen, Rep. 47 47 48 48 49
Burundi 48 48 48 48 48
Uganda 48 48 48 48 48
Chad 49 48 48 48 48
Eritrea 49 50 51 51 52
West Bank and Gaza 49 49 49 50 50
Angola 50 50 50 50 50
Afghanistan 50 50 49 49 49
Mali 50 50 50 50 50
Burkina Faso 50 50 50 50 50
Swaziland 50 51 51 52 52
Niger 50 50 50 50 50
Cabo Verde 50 50 51 51 51
Ethiopia 50 50 50 50 50
Sao Tome and Principe 50 50 50 51 51
Zambia 50 50 50 51 51
Cameroon 50 51 51 51 51
Malawi 50 50 50 50 50
Congo, Dem. Rep. 51 50 50 50 51
Gambia, The 51 51 51 51 51
Cambodia 51 51 53 54 55
Somalia 51 51 50 50 50
Senegal 51 51 51 51 52
Maldives 51 52 53 54 56
Kenya 51 52 52 52 53
Benin 51 51 51 52 52
Togo 52 52 52 52 53
Comoros 52 52 52 53 53
Guinea-Bissau 52 52 52 53 53
Tanzania 52 52 52 52 52
Mozambique 52 52 52 52 52
Tajikistan 52 52 53 53 54
Madagascar 52 52 52 52 52
Lao PDR 52 52 52 53 53
Guinea 52 52 52 52 52
Guatemala 52 52 53 53 53
Honduras 52 53 53 53 54
Iraq 52 53 53 53 54
Gabon 52 53 53 53 53
South Sudan 53 52 52 52 52
Zimbabwe 53 53 53 54 54
Sudan 53 53 53 53 53
Sierra Leone 53 53 53 53 53
Nigeria 53 53 53 54 54
Liberia 53 53 53 53 54
Mauritania 53 53 54 54 54
Bhutan 53 54 54 55 56
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 53 54 54 55 56
Belize 53 54 55 55 55
Equatorial Guinea 53 53 53 53 53
Central African Republic 53 54 54 54 54
Cote d'Ivoire 53 53 54 54 54
Pakistan 54 54 54 54 55
Timor-Leste 54 52 51 49 48
Syrian Arab Republic 54 54 55 55 56
Lesotho 54 54 54 54 54
Haiti 54 54 55 55 56
Nicaragua 54 55 55 56 57
Vanuatu 54 54 55 55 55
Congo, Rep. 54 54 54 55 55
Rwanda 54 54 53 52 52
Solomon Islands 54 55 55 55 55
Djibouti 54 55 55 55 56
Ghana 54 55 55 55 56
Grenada 55 55 56 56 57
Nepal 55 55 55 55 55
Namibia 55 55 55 56 56
Tonga 55 55 56 56 56
Samoa 55 55 55 55 55
Iran, Islamic Rep. 55 57 58 59 61
Bolivia 56 56 56 56 57
Kiribati 56 56 56 56 57
Paraguay 56 56 56 57 57
Uzbekistan 56 56 57 58 58
Egypt, Arab Rep. 56 57 57 58 59
Botswana 56 57 58 58 59
Jordan 56 57 57 57 58
Turkmenistan 57 57 58 59 59
Saudi Arabia 57 58 59 59 60
Papua New Guinea 57 57 57 57 57
Bangladesh 57 58 58 59 59
Kyrgyz Republic 57 58 58 59 60
Philippines 57 58 58 58 58
Algeria 57 58 59 60 61
St. Lucia 58 58 59 59 60
El Salvador 58 58 58 58 58
Mongolia 58 59 60 61 62
Oman 59 59 60 60 60
Morocco 59 59 60 61 61
Dominican Republic 59 59 59 60 60
Jamaica 59 59 59 59 60
Vietnam 59 60 60 61 62
Ecuador 59 59 60 60 60
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 59 60 61 61 62
Mexico 60 60 60 60 61
India 60 60 60 60 61
Peru 60 60 60 60 61
Venezuela, RB 60 60 61 61 62
Libya 60 61 62 62 63
Suriname 60 60 61 61 61
Fiji 61 61 61 61 62
Guyana 61 61 61 60 60
South Africa 61 61 61 61 61
Malaysia 61 61 62 62 62
Myanmar 61 62 62 63 63
Tunisia 61 62 62 63 64
Albania 61 62 62 62 63
Israel 61 62 62 62 62
Argentina 61 62 62 62 62
Azerbaijan 62 62 62 63 63
Panama 62 62 62 62 63
Costa Rica 62 62 63 63 64
Colombia 62 62 63 63 64
Turkey 62 62 63 63 63
Seychelles 62 62 63 63 64
Armenia 62 63 63 64 64
Lebanon 62 63 63 64 64
Uruguay 62 62 62 62 62
French Polynesia 63 63 63 63 64
Indonesia 63 63 64 64 65
Antigua and Barbuda 63 63 63 64 64
Brazil 63 64 64 65 65
Kazakhstan 64 64 65 65 66
Sweden 64 64 64 64 64
Trinidad and Tobago 64 65 66 67 68
Bahamas, The 64 64 65 65 65
Guam 64 64 64 64 64
Iceland 64 65 65 65 65
Puerto Rico 64 65 65 65 65
Norway 65 65 65 65 65
Georgia 65 65 65 65 66
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 65 65 65 65 66
Curacao 65 65 65 65 65
United Kingdom 65 65 65 65 65
Brunei Darussalam 65 65 66 66 67
Moldova 65 65 66 66 67
New Caledonia 65 65 65 65 65
Chile 65 65 65 65 66
Sri Lanka 65 65 66 67 67
France 65 65 65 65 65
New Zealand 65 65 65 65 65
Cyprus 66 66 66 67 67
Ireland 66 66 67 68 68
United States 66 66 66 66 66
Belgium 66 66 66 66 66
Latvia 66 66 66 67 67
Lithuania 66 66 66 66 66
Poland 66 67 67 68 68
Estonia 66 66 67 67 67
Belarus 66 67 67 68 68
Serbia 66 66 66 66 66
Barbados 66 67 67 67 67
Australia 67 67 67 67 67
Finland 67 67 67 67 67
Montenegro 67 67 67 67 67
China 67 67 67 68 68
Slovak Republic 67 67 68 68 69
Russian Federation 67 68 68 69 69
Malta 67 67 67 67 67
Ukraine 67 68 68 69 69
Austria 67 67 67 68 68
Bulgaria 67 67 67 67 68
Macedonia, FYR 67 67 68 68 68
Denmark 67 67 67 67 67
Mauritius 67 67 68 68 68
Macao SAR, China 67 68 68 69 70
Portugal 67 67 68 68 68
Luxembourg 67 67 67 67 67
Bahrain 67 68 67 67 67
Romania 67 68 68 68 68
Switzerland 67 67 67 67 67
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 68 68 68 68 68
Canada 68 68 68 68 68
Hungary 68 68 68 68 68
Croatia 68 68 67 67 67
Thailand 68 68 69 69 69
Greece 68 68 68 68 68
Cuba 68 68 68 68 68
Italy 68 68 68 68 68
Spain 68 68 69 69 69
Netherlands 68 68 68 68 68
Germany 68 68 68 68 68
Czech Republic 69 69 69 69 70
Kuwait 69 69 70 70 70
Japan 69 69 69 69 68
Aruba 69 69 69 69 69
Bosnia and Herzegovina 69 70 70 70 70
Slovenia 70 70 70 70 70
Hong Kong SAR, China 71 71 71 72 72
Singapore 71 71 71 71 71
Korea, Rep. 71 71 72 72 72
Qatar 72 72 72 72 72
United Arab Emirates 73 73 73 73 73
Monaco
Dominica
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Faroe Islands
Tuvalu
Greenland
Cayman Islands
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis
Palau
Andorra
San Marino
Liechtenstein
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
American Samoa

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