Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Yemen, Rep. 47 47 48 48 49
Burundi 48 48 48 48 48
Uganda 48 48 48 48 48
Chad 49 48 48 48 48
Afghanistan 50 50 49 49 49
West Bank and Gaza 49 49 49 50 50
Angola 50 50 50 50 50
Niger 50 50 50 50 50
Mali 50 50 50 50 50
Burkina Faso 50 50 50 50 50
Malawi 50 50 50 50 50
Ethiopia 50 50 50 50 50
Somalia 51 51 50 50 50
Congo, Dem. Rep. 51 50 50 50 51
Sao Tome and Principe 50 50 50 51 51
Zambia 50 50 50 51 51
Eritrea 49 50 51 51 52
Cabo Verde 50 50 51 51 51
Timor-Leste 54 52 51 49 48
Cameroon 50 51 51 51 51
Gambia, The 51 51 51 51 51
Swaziland 50 51 51 52 52
Senegal 51 51 51 51 52
Benin 51 51 51 52 52
Madagascar 52 52 52 52 52
Mozambique 52 52 52 52 52
Tanzania 52 52 52 52 52
Kenya 51 52 52 52 53
Guinea 52 52 52 52 52
Guinea-Bissau 52 52 52 53 53
Togo 52 52 52 52 53
South Sudan 53 52 52 52 52
Comoros 52 52 52 53 53
Lao PDR 52 52 52 53 53
Tajikistan 52 52 53 53 54
Cambodia 51 51 53 54 55
Guatemala 52 52 53 53 53
Gabon 52 53 53 53 53
Rwanda 54 54 53 52 52
Honduras 52 53 53 53 54
Sudan 53 53 53 53 53
Iraq 52 53 53 53 54
Equatorial Guinea 53 53 53 53 53
Sierra Leone 53 53 53 53 53
Maldives 51 52 53 54 56
Zimbabwe 53 53 53 54 54
Liberia 53 53 53 53 54
Nigeria 53 53 53 54 54
Mauritania 53 53 54 54 54
Cote d'Ivoire 53 53 54 54 54
Central African Republic 53 54 54 54 54
Lesotho 54 54 54 54 54
Pakistan 54 54 54 54 55
Bhutan 53 54 54 55 56
Congo, Rep. 54 54 54 55 55
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 53 54 54 55 56
Belize 53 54 55 55 55
Haiti 54 54 55 55 56
Vanuatu 54 54 55 55 55
Syrian Arab Republic 54 54 55 55 56
Djibouti 54 55 55 55 56
Solomon Islands 54 55 55 55 55
Nepal 55 55 55 55 55
Ghana 54 55 55 55 56
Samoa 55 55 55 55 55
Nicaragua 54 55 55 56 57
Namibia 55 55 55 56 56
Tonga 55 55 56 56 56
Grenada 55 55 56 56 57
Kiribati 56 56 56 56 57
Bolivia 56 56 56 56 57
Paraguay 56 56 56 57 57
Jordan 56 57 57 57 58
Uzbekistan 56 56 57 58 58
Papua New Guinea 57 57 57 57 57
Egypt, Arab Rep. 56 57 57 58 59
Botswana 56 57 58 58 59
Philippines 57 58 58 58 58
Turkmenistan 57 57 58 59 59
Iran, Islamic Rep. 55 57 58 59 61
El Salvador 58 58 58 58 58
Bangladesh 57 58 58 59 59
Kyrgyz Republic 57 58 58 59 60
Saudi Arabia 57 58 59 59 60
St. Lucia 58 58 59 59 60
Dominican Republic 59 59 59 60 60
Jamaica 59 59 59 59 60
Algeria 57 58 59 60 61
Oman 59 59 60 60 60
Ecuador 59 59 60 60 60
Mongolia 58 59 60 61 62
Morocco 59 59 60 61 61
Mexico 60 60 60 60 61
India 60 60 60 60 61
Peru 60 60 60 60 61
Vietnam 59 60 60 61 62
Suriname 60 60 61 61 61
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 59 60 61 61 62
Venezuela, RB 60 60 61 61 62
Guyana 61 61 61 60 60
South Africa 61 61 61 61 61
Fiji 61 61 61 61 62
Israel 61 62 62 62 62
Libya 60 61 62 62 63
Argentina 61 62 62 62 62
Malaysia 61 61 62 62 62
Albania 61 62 62 62 63
Panama 62 62 62 62 63
Azerbaijan 62 62 62 63 63
Myanmar 61 62 62 63 63
Uruguay 62 62 62 62 62
Tunisia 61 62 62 63 64
Costa Rica 62 62 63 63 64
Turkey 62 62 63 63 63
Colombia 62 62 63 63 64
Seychelles 62 62 63 63 64
French Polynesia 63 63 63 63 64
Armenia 62 63 63 64 64
Lebanon 62 63 63 64 64
Antigua and Barbuda 63 63 63 64 64
Indonesia 63 63 64 64 65
Sweden 64 64 64 64 64
Guam 64 64 64 64 64
Brazil 63 64 64 65 65
Kazakhstan 64 64 65 65 66
Norway 65 65 65 65 65
Curacao 65 65 65 65 65
Iceland 64 65 65 65 65
Bahamas, The 64 64 65 65 65
Puerto Rico 64 65 65 65 65
United Kingdom 65 65 65 65 65
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 65 65 65 65 66
Georgia 65 65 65 65 66
New Caledonia 65 65 65 65 65
France 65 65 65 65 65
Chile 65 65 65 65 66
New Zealand 65 65 65 65 65
Belgium 66 66 66 66 66
Moldova 65 65 66 66 67
Brunei Darussalam 65 65 66 66 67
Trinidad and Tobago 64 65 66 67 68
Serbia 66 66 66 66 66
Sri Lanka 65 65 66 67 67
United States 66 66 66 66 66
Lithuania 66 66 66 66 66
Latvia 66 66 66 67 67
Cyprus 66 66 66 67 67
Barbados 66 67 67 67 67
Australia 67 67 67 67 67
Estonia 66 66 67 67 67
Finland 67 67 67 67 67
Montenegro 67 67 67 67 67
Denmark 67 67 67 67 67
Ireland 66 66 67 68 68
Belarus 66 67 67 68 68
Luxembourg 67 67 67 67 67
Poland 66 67 67 68 68
Malta 67 67 67 67 67
China 67 67 67 68 68
Switzerland 67 67 67 67 67
Bulgaria 67 67 67 67 68
Croatia 68 68 67 67 67
Bahrain 67 68 67 67 67
Austria 67 67 67 68 68
Romania 67 68 68 68 68
Portugal 67 67 68 68 68
Macedonia, FYR 67 67 68 68 68
Mauritius 67 67 68 68 68
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 68 68 68 68 68
Slovak Republic 67 67 68 68 69
Hungary 68 68 68 68 68
Canada 68 68 68 68 68
Greece 68 68 68 68 68
Italy 68 68 68 68 68
Russian Federation 67 68 68 69 69
Netherlands 68 68 68 68 68
Ukraine 67 68 68 69 69
Cuba 68 68 68 68 68
Macao SAR, China 67 68 68 69 70
Germany 68 68 68 68 68
Spain 68 68 69 69 69
Thailand 68 68 69 69 69
Japan 69 69 69 69 68
Czech Republic 69 69 69 69 70
Aruba 69 69 69 69 69
Bosnia and Herzegovina 69 70 70 70 70
Kuwait 69 69 70 70 70
Slovenia 70 70 70 70 70
Singapore 71 71 71 71 71
Hong Kong SAR, China 71 71 71 72 72
Korea, Rep. 71 71 72 72 72
Qatar 72 72 72 72 72
United Arab Emirates 73 73 73 73 73
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis
Tuvalu
St. Martin (French part)
Faroe Islands
Bermuda
San Marino
Palau
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Dominica
Marshall Islands
Greenland
American Samoa

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