Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan -3.2 -2.8 -2.3 -1.8 -0.5
Antigua and Barbuda -1.6 -1.7 -1.7 -1.8 -1.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.8 -0.9 -0.5 -0.5 -1.4
Guyana -0.9 -0.9 -0.9 -0.9 -0.8
Dominica -0.7 -0.8 -0.8 -0.9 -0.9
Somalia -1.4 -0.7 0.2 0.9 1.3
St. Kitts and Nevis -0.6 -0.7 -0.8 -0.8 -0.7
Germany -0.3 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4
Hungary -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2
Bulgaria 0.2 -0.0 -0.0 0.1 0.1
Italy 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Belgium -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3
Denmark -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0
Austria -0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Czech Republic 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
Tonga 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3
Singapore 1.9 0.1 -0.1 1.5 2.5
Ireland 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.4
Sweden 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5
Luxembourg 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.7
United Kingdom 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Portugal 0.4 0.3 0.1 -0.0 -0.1
Norway 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5
Aruba 1.0 0.3 -0.6 -1.3 -1.2
Ukraine 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Lebanon 0.6 0.4 0.0 -0.2 -0.1
Spain 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2
Isle of Man -0.3 0.4 1.2 1.9 2.2
Greece 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4
Finland 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Romania 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5
Switzerland 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7
Croatia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Barbados 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Netherlands 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Samoa 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3
Slovenia 0.5 0.5 1.2 1.2 0.3
Macedonia, FYR 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.8
Montenegro 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8
France 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Japan 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4
New Zealand 0.9 0.6 -0.0 0.9 0.3
Uruguay 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Belarus 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.3
Latvia 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0
Estonia 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6
Mauritius 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8
Slovak Republic 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5
Cuba 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Seychelles 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Russian Federation 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6
Iceland 1.1 0.8 0.7 1.1 1.6
Poland 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4
Bermuda 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9
Cyprus 0.5 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8
Lithuania 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1
Georgia 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0
United States 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Liechtenstein 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Canada 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.3
Greenland 1.1 0.9 0.6 1.1 1.3
Moldova 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7
Puerto Rico 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9
Korea, Rep. 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Suriname 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.7
Mozambique 1.6 1.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.7
Monaco 1.5 1.1 0.7 0.4 0.2
San Marino 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Kazakhstan 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.1
Tuvalu 1.5 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.5 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8
Faeroe Islands 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.3
El Salvador 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Jamaica 1.7 1.4 1.1 0.6 0.2
China 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.1 1.4 1.8 2.0 1.7
Australia 1.1 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.6
Grenada 2.5 1.5 0.2 -0.8 -1.3
Argentina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Sri Lanka 1.2 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.4
Liberia 2.6 1.5 0.4 -0.5 -1.2
St. Lucia 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9
Armenia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.5
Korea, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
New Caledonia 3.5 1.6 0.7 1.8 1.9
Azerbaijan 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Fiji 2.2 1.6 1.0 0.4 0.2
Chile 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Mali 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.3
Malta 0.0 1.8 1.7 0.7 0.8
Israel 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.7
Thailand 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Kyrgyz Republic 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Cabo Verde 2.3 1.9 1.4 1.0 0.9
Mexico 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Sao Tome and Principe 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.4
Bahamas, The 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Vietnam 1.8 2.0 2.3 2.5 2.4
Lesotho 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.6
Albania 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.9
Myanmar 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Indonesia 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Kosovo 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Brazil 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Turkey 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Colombia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
India 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Dominican Republic 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Panama 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Guam 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Morocco 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Vanuatu 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4
Haiti 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Nepal 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3
Peru 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Guinea-Bissau 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3
Bolivia 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Guatemala 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Palau 2.7 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.7
Nicaragua 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.1
South Sudan 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.3
Turkmenistan 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Iraq 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3
Ecuador 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Uzbekistan 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Nigeria 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Burkina Faso 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Central African Republic 2.8 2.6 2.3 2.1 2.0
Papua New Guinea 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
South Africa 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4
Sierra Leone 2.4 2.6 2.9 3.0 2.8
Venezuela, RB 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Gabon 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Bangladesh 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Mongolia 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9
Madagascar 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9
Philippines 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Comoros 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Chad 2.6 2.7 2.9 3.1 3.2
Costa Rica 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Kiribati 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.8
Lao PDR 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9
Mauritania 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Malaysia 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9
Bhutan 2.5 2.8 3.2 3.4 3.2
French Polynesia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Niger 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9
Brunei Darussalam 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Belize 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Guinea 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.2
Congo, Rep. 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.1 2.9 2.6 2.3 2.2
Paraguay 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Benin 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0
Bahrain 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.6
Zambia 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Honduras 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
Senegal 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1
Solomon Islands 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Cameroon 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Tunisia 2.0 3.0 3.1 2.5 2.2
Tanzania 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Algeria 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Angola 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.4
Tajikistan 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.2
Burundi 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.4
Ethiopia 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3
Sudan 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9
Timor-Leste 3.6 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.4
Eritrea 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.2
Ghana 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.7
Botswana 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Namibia 2.8 3.3 3.9 4.3 4.4
Uganda 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.6
Pakistan 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Libya 3.8 3.4 3.1 2.7 2.5
Maldives 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Togo 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0
Jordan 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.5
Cambodia 4.0 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.9
Swaziland 3.3 3.6 4.1 4.3 4.3
Kenya 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Zimbabwe 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4
Cote d'Ivoire 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5
Yemen, Rep. 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.8
Rwanda 3.6 4.0 4.7 5.1 4.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.6
American Samoa 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.7
Cayman Islands 3.5 4.1 4.7 5.2 5.5
Malawi 3.3 4.3 5.4 6.1 6.0
Gambia, The 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.8 4.7
Macao SAR, China 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.0
Andorra 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 4.8 4.4 3.8 3.5 3.5
Djibouti 3.0 4.6 6.3 7.4 7.5
Oman 5.0 4.6 4.2 3.8 3.6
Marshall Islands 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.4
Kuwait 4.6 4.7 5.1 5.3 4.5
Saudi Arabia 5.8 5.3 4.7 4.3 3.9
United Arab Emirates 5.0 5.3 5.7 6.0 6.0
Equatorial Guinea 7.6 6.2 4.8 3.8 3.1
Qatar 9.8 8.4 7.1 6.1 5.0
Northern Mariana Islands 11.8 10.3 8.9 7.9 7.2
St. Martin (French part) 19.3 18.5 17.5 16.5 14.0
Serbia
West Bank and Gaza
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao

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