Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Antigua and Barbuda -1.7 -1.8 -1.5 -0.9 -0.1
Afghanistan -1.7 -0.9 0.3 2.0 3.9
Guyana -1.2 -1.4 -1.4 -1.2 -0.8
Dominica -0.8 -0.9 -0.9 -0.7 -0.4
St. Kitts and Nevis -0.8 -0.8 -0.7 -0.5 -0.1
Aruba -0.6 -1.3 -1.2 -0.1 1.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) -0.5 -0.5 -1.4 -1.4 0.9
Hungary -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -1.1 -1.0
Singapore -0.1 1.5 2.5 2.9 3.9
Curacao -0.0 -0.8 -1.5 -1.6 -1.1
Bulgaria -0.0 0.1 0.1 -1.2 -1.8
New Zealand -0.0 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.9
Italy 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Lebanon 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.3 1.0
Belgium 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.3
Ireland 0.0 0.0 -0.4 -0.4 0.1
Germany 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.8 0.9
Czech Republic 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 -0.3
Austria 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.8
Portugal 0.1 -0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2
Denmark 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2
Tonga 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
United Kingdom 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Sweden 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.8
Somalia 0.2 0.9 1.3 1.1 0.6
Grenada 0.2 -0.8 -1.3 -1.2 -0.6
Spain 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Barbados 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Finland 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Greece 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 1.1
Macedonia, FYR 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.0 -0.2
Samoa 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5
Ukraine 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2
Norway 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3
Montenegro 0.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.0
Mozambique 0.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.4 1.4
Liberia 0.4 -0.5 -1.2 -1.6 -1.6
Croatia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3
Luxembourg 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.0 1.3
Romania 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.2
Switzerland 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0
Netherlands 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Greenland 0.6 1.1 1.3 0.9 0.5
France 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Japan 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3
Slovak Republic 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4
Uruguay 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Belarus 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.2
Poland 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4
Seychelles 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9
Russian Federation 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4
Monaco 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4
Iceland 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.2 0.8
Estonia 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.1
Mauritius 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7
Latvia 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.5 -0.1
Cuba 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.9
Bermuda 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8
Georgia 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.3 -0.0
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.4
United States 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1
Puerto Rico 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Fiji 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.6
Liechtenstein 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2
Lithuania 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.4
Korea, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Canada 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.8 1.5
Jamaica 1.1 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.6
Tuvalu 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
San Marino 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
Trinidad and Tobago 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7
Isle of Man 1.2 1.9 2.2 2.0 1.5
Cyprus 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.0 2.1
Slovenia 1.2 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.2 1.2 0.7 1.0 0.3
Kazakhstan 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.7 0.6
El Salvador 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3 1.4 1.1 0.4 -0.7
Faroe Islands 1.4 1.5 1.3 0.7 -0.2
Suriname 1.5 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.0
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
China 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Argentina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Israel 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 3.1
Azerbaijan 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 0.8
Mali 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.9
Chile 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6
Cabo Verde 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.7 2.0
Australia 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.5
Malta 1.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0
Armenia 1.7 1.8 1.5 0.9 0.1
St. Lucia 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.6
Sao Tome and Principe 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Sri Lanka 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.1
Thailand 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.4
Lesotho 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7
New Caledonia 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.4
Bahamas, The 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8
Kyrgyz Republic 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.9
Albania 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.7 1.8
Myanmar 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5
Bolivia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Turkey 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Brazil 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Palau 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.2
Mexico 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
South Sudan 2.1 1.8 1.3 0.6 -0.2
Dominican Republic 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Colombia 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Morocco 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Panama 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Guinea-Bissau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
India 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Haiti 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Nepal 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.5
Guam 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Peru 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Vanuatu 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6
Vietnam 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.4 1.9
Iraq 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.5
Kiribati 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.2
Nicaragua 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Central African Republic 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3
Turkmenistan 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.7
Guatemala 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Ecuador 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Papua New Guinea 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Uzbekistan 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Costa Rica 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
South Africa 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.0
Timor-Leste 2.6 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.7
Burkina Faso 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Venezuela, RB 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.4
Nigeria 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Philippines 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Bangladesh 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Mauritania 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Gabon 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
French Polynesia 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.3 2.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.2 3.5
Belize 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.2
Congo, Rep. 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Niger 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1
Mongolia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.0
Madagascar 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0
Guinea 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.8 4.6
Brunei Darussalam 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Lao PDR 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Angola 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.8
Paraguay 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Benin 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.2 3.4
Solomon Islands 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Sierra Leone 2.9 3.1 2.9 2.3 1.4
Chad 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2
Algeria 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Comoros 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Honduras 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Sudan 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.7
Ghana 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Cameroon 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Tanzania 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.2
Senegal 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Eritrea 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.3 1.5
Libya 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.4
Cambodia 3.1 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.2
Tunisia 3.1 2.5 2.2 1.3 2.4
Zambia 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Bhutan 3.2 3.4 3.2 2.3 1.2
Ethiopia 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4
Botswana 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9
Pakistan 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Tajikistan 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.6
Syrian Arab Republic 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0
Bahrain 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.0
Togo 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7
Burundi 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.2 2.9
Uganda 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4
Maldives 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 0.7
Kenya 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Jordan 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.7
Zimbabwe 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.2 2.9
Cote d'Ivoire 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5
Yemen, Rep. 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.6
Turks and Caicos Islands 3.8 3.5 3.5 4.0 4.7
Namibia 3.9 4.3 4.4 4.3 3.9
American Samoa 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.4 3.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.0 3.9 3.6 3.2 2.6
Swaziland 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.4
Oman 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.7 4.0
Andorra 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9
Macao SAR, China 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.7 3.2
Gambia, The 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.0
Rwanda 4.7 5.0 4.4 2.7 0.3
Cayman Islands 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.1
Marshall Islands 4.8 4.7 4.4 3.9 3.2
Saudi Arabia 4.8 4.4 4.0 3.7 3.4
Equatorial Guinea 4.9 3.9 3.2 3.0 3.2
Kuwait 4.9 5.1 4.3 2.6 0.2
Malawi 5.6 6.3 6.1 5.1 3.6
United Arab Emirates 5.8 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.6
Djibouti 6.3 7.4 7.5 6.6 5.2
Qatar 7.1 6.1 5.0 3.9 2.9
Northern Mariana Islands 8.9 7.9 7.2 6.7 6.4
St. Martin (French part) 17.5 16.5 14.0 10.7 8.2
West Bank and Gaza
Serbia 0.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

Featured indicators

Help/Feedback

User Voice