Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan -3.2 -2.8 -2.3 -1.8 -0.5
Antigua and Barbuda -1.6 -1.7 -1.7 -1.8 -1.5
Guyana -0.9 -0.9 -0.9 -0.9 -0.8
Dominica -0.7 -0.8 -0.8 -0.9 -0.9
St. Kitts and Nevis -0.6 -0.7 -0.8 -0.8 -0.7
Aruba 1.0 0.3 -0.6 -1.3 -1.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 3.8 -0.9 -0.5 -0.5 -1.4
Hungary -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2
Singapore 1.9 0.1 -0.1 1.5 2.5
Bulgaria 0.2 -0.0 -0.0 0.1 0.1
New Zealand 0.9 0.6 -0.0 0.9 0.3
Italy 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lebanon 0.6 0.4 0.0 -0.2 -0.1
Belgium -0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3
Ireland 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.4
Germany -0.3 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4
Czech Republic 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
Austria -0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Portugal 0.4 0.3 0.1 -0.0 -0.1
Denmark -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0
Tonga 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3
United Kingdom 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sweden 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5
Somalia -1.4 -0.7 0.2 0.9 1.3
Grenada 2.5 1.5 0.2 -0.8 -1.3
Spain 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2
Finland 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Greece 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4
Samoa 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3
Ukraine 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Norway 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5
Mozambique 1.6 1.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.2
Liberia 2.6 1.5 0.4 -0.5 -1.2
Barbados 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Croatia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Luxembourg 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.7
Romania 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5
Switzerland 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7
Netherlands 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 1.1 0.9 0.6 1.1 1.3
France 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Japan 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4
Slovak Republic 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5
Uruguay 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
New Caledonia 3.5 1.6 0.7 1.8 1.9
Belarus 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.3
Poland 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4
Montenegro 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Macedonia, FYR 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.8
Seychelles 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Russian Federation 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6
Monaco 1.5 1.1 0.7 0.4 0.2
Iceland 1.1 0.8 0.7 1.1 1.6
Estonia 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6
Latvia 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0
Bermuda 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9
Mauritius 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8
Cuba 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.1
Georgia 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0
Moldova 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7
United States 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Fiji 2.2 1.6 1.0 0.4 0.2
Puerto Rico 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9
Liechtenstein 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Lithuania 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1
Korea, Rep. 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Canada 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.3
Jamaica 1.7 1.4 1.1 0.6 0.2
Tuvalu 1.5 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.5 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8
San Marino 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Isle of Man -0.3 0.4 1.2 1.9 2.2
Cyprus 0.5 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8
Slovenia 0.5 0.5 1.2 1.2 0.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.7
Kazakhstan 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.1
El Salvador 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Suriname 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.7
Cabo Verde 2.3 1.9 1.4 1.0 0.9
Faeroe Islands 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.3
Mali 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
China 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6
Argentina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Israel 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.7
Azerbaijan 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Australia 1.1 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.6
Malta 0.0 1.8 1.7 0.7 0.8
Chile 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Armenia 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.5
St. Lucia 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.1 1.4 1.8 2.0 1.7
Sri Lanka 1.2 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.4
Lesotho 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.6
Thailand 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Bahamas, The 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Kyrgyz Republic 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
Albania 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.9
Myanmar 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Mexico 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Indonesia 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Turkey 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Brazil 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Palau 2.7 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.7
Kosovo 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
South Sudan 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.3
Colombia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Dominican Republic 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
India 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Sao Tome and Principe 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.4
Morocco 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Panama 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Haiti 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Guinea-Bissau 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Guam 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Nepal 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3
Peru 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Nicaragua 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.1
Vanuatu 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4
Central African Republic 2.8 2.6 2.3 2.1 2.0
Vietnam 1.8 2.0 2.3 2.5 2.4
Iraq 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3
Bolivia 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3
Guatemala 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3
Turkmenistan 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Uzbekistan 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Ecuador 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Papua New Guinea 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
South Africa 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4
Burkina Faso 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.1 2.9 2.6 2.3 2.2
Nigeria 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Comoros 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Venezuela, RB 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Bangladesh 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Philippines 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Gabon 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Costa Rica 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Mauritania 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9
French Polynesia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6
Timor-Leste 3.6 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.4
Belize 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Mongolia 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7
Angola 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.4
Madagascar 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9
Niger 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9
Lao PDR 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9
Congo, Rep. 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Guinea 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.2
Brunei Darussalam 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Malaysia 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9
Paraguay 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8
Sierra Leone 2.4 2.6 2.9 3.0 2.8
Kiribati 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.8
Zambia 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Chad 2.6 2.7 2.9 3.1 3.2
Benin 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0
Solomon Islands 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Algeria 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Honduras 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
Ghana 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.7
Sudan 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9
Cameroon 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Libya 3.8 3.4 3.1 2.7 2.5
Tanzania 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Senegal 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1
Tunisia 2.0 3.0 3.1 2.5 2.2
Bhutan 2.5 2.8 3.2 3.4 3.2
Ethiopia 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3
Cambodia 4.0 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.9
Botswana 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Tajikistan 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1
Bahrain 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.6
Burundi 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.4
Pakistan 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Eritrea 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.2
Togo 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0
Maldives 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3
Uganda 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.6
Kenya 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Zimbabwe 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4
Jordan 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.5
Cote d'Ivoire 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5
Yemen, Rep. 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.8
Turks and Caicos Islands 4.8 4.4 3.8 3.5 3.5
Namibia 2.8 3.3 3.9 4.3 4.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.6
American Samoa 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.7
Swaziland 3.3 3.6 4.1 4.3 4.3
Oman 5.0 4.6 4.2 3.8 3.6
Andorra 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
Macao SAR, China 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.0
Gambia, The 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.8 4.7
Rwanda 3.6 4.0 4.7 5.1 4.4
Saudi Arabia 5.8 5.3 4.7 4.3 3.9
Cayman Islands 3.5 4.1 4.7 5.2 5.5
Marshall Islands 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.4
Equatorial Guinea 7.6 6.2 4.8 3.8 3.1
Kuwait 4.6 4.7 5.1 5.3 4.5
Malawi 3.3 4.3 5.4 6.1 6.0
United Arab Emirates 5.0 5.3 5.7 6.0 6.0
Djibouti 3.0 4.6 6.3 7.4 7.5
Qatar 9.8 8.4 7.1 6.1 5.0
Northern Mariana Islands 11.8 10.3 8.9 7.9 7.2
St. Martin (French part) 19.3 18.5 17.5 16.5 14.0
West Bank and Gaza
Serbia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao

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