Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan -2.8 -2.3 -1.8 -0.5 1.8
Antigua and Barbuda -1.7 -1.7 -1.8 -1.5 -0.9
Aruba 0.3 -0.6 -1.3 -1.2 -0.1
Dominica -0.8 -0.8 -0.9 -0.9 -0.7
Guyana -0.9 -0.9 -0.9 -0.8 -0.6
St. Kitts and Nevis -0.7 -0.8 -0.8 -0.7 -0.5
Curacao 0.5 -0.0 -0.8 -1.5 -1.6
Grenada 1.5 0.2 -0.8 -1.3 -1.2
Liberia 1.5 0.4 -0.5 -1.2 -1.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) -0.9 -0.5 -0.5 -1.4 -1.4
Lebanon 0.4 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.3
Hungary -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -1.1
Mozambique 1.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.2 0.3
Portugal 0.3 0.1 -0.0 -0.1 -0.1
Italy 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Ireland 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.4 -0.4
Czech Republic 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Austria 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5
Belgium 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.4
Denmark 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Bulgaria -0.0 -0.0 0.1 0.1 -1.2
Germany -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.8
United Kingdom 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Spain 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Samoa 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Tonga 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Finland 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Sweden 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.7
Greece 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5
Croatia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2
Ukraine 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Romania 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4
Barbados 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Monaco 1.1 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.3
Fiji 1.6 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.2
Norway 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4
Japan 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
Slovak Republic 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5
Poland 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4
France 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5
Uruguay 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Switzerland 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8
Jamaica 1.4 1.1 0.6 0.2 0.8
Netherlands 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Luxembourg 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5
Belarus 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.3
Malta 1.8 1.7 0.7 0.8 1.0
Seychelles 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Russian Federation 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Mauritius 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8
Montenegro 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6
Estonia 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.4
Macedonia, FYR 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.5
Bermuda 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Georgia 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.3
Moldova 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
New Zealand 0.6 -0.0 0.9 0.3 0.5
United States 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Tuvalu 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7
Somalia -0.7 0.2 0.9 1.3 1.1
Trinidad and Tobago 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7
Puerto Rico 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Korea, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Liechtenstein 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Cuba 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0
Latvia 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.5
Cabo Verde 1.9 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.2
Lithuania 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.8
Iceland 0.8 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.2
Greenland 0.9 0.6 1.1 1.3 0.9
San Marino 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.7 1.0
Slovenia 0.5 1.2 1.2 0.3 0.1
El Salvador 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Kazakhstan 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.7
Mali 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.5
Canada 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Argentina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Faeroe Islands 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.3 0.7
Singapore 0.1 -0.1 1.5 2.5 2.9
Sri Lanka 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.4
Australia 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7
Cyprus 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.0
Suriname 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.7
Azerbaijan 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
China 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5
Israel 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Lesotho 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
Chile 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Bahamas, The 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Armenia 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.5 0.9
South Sudan 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.3 0.6
Palau 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.9
Thailand 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.6
Myanmar 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
St. Lucia 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8
Isle of Man 0.4 1.2 1.9 2.2 2.0
Kyrgyz Republic 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.1
Turkey 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Indonesia 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Brazil 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Mexico 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
New Caledonia 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0
Albania 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.4 1.8 2.0 1.7 0.4
Colombia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Central African Republic 2.6 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.0
Morocco 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0
Dominican Republic 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Nicaragua 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1
India 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Panama 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Haiti 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Guinea-Bissau 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Peru 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Guam 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3
Nepal 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3
Iraq 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4
Vanuatu 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.5
Guatemala 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 2.9 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.2
Sao Tome and Principe 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4
Bolivia 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Uzbekistan 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Papua New Guinea 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Timor-Leste 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.5
Vietnam 2.0 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.4
Turkmenistan 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Ecuador 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
South Africa 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.2
Tunisia 3.0 3.1 2.5 2.2 1.3
Angola 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.6
Burkina Faso 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Comoros 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Nigeria 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Bangladesh 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Venezuela, RB 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
French Polynesia 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.3
Costa Rica 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Philippines 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Mauritania 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Gabon 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Belize 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Libya 3.4 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.4
Congo, Rep. 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.2
Paraguay 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Brunei Darussalam 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Niger 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0
Ghana 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.7
Solomon Islands 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
Zambia 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Lao PDR 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9
Mongolia 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.4
Guinea 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.8
Madagascar 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0
Algeria 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
Sudan 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.2
Kiribati 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.6
Malaysia 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Benin 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.2
Cambodia 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.9 3.0
Honduras 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Sierra Leone 2.6 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.1
Tanzania 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.1
Cameroon 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Chad 2.7 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.2
Senegal 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Syrian Arab Republic 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Botswana 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0
Togo 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Ethiopia 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3
Pakistan 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Tajikistan 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.0
Eritrea 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.2 2.6
Maldives 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.1
Burundi 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.1
Bhutan 2.8 3.2 3.4 3.2 2.3
Turks and Caicos Islands 4.4 3.8 3.5 3.5 4.0
Bahrain 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.4
Zimbabwe 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.1
Cote d'Ivoire 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Kenya 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5
Uganda 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6
Jordan 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.6
Yemen, Rep. 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.8 4.1
Oman 4.6 4.2 3.8 3.6 3.6
Equatorial Guinea 6.2 4.8 3.8 3.1 3.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.1
American Samoa 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.4
Andorra 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Macao SAR, China 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.7
Saudi Arabia 5.3 4.7 4.3 3.9 3.6
Namibia 3.3 3.9 4.3 4.4 4.3
Swaziland 3.6 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.0
Marshall Islands 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.4 3.9
Gambia, The 4.3 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.4
Rwanda 4.0 4.7 5.1 4.4 2.5
Cayman Islands 4.1 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.3
Kuwait 4.7 5.1 5.3 4.5 2.5
United Arab Emirates 5.3 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.9
Qatar 8.4 7.1 6.1 5.0 3.9
Malawi 4.3 5.4 6.1 6.0 5.1
Djibouti 4.6 6.3 7.4 7.5 6.6
Northern Mariana Islands 10.3 8.9 7.9 7.2 6.7
St. Martin (French part) 18.5 17.5 16.5 14.0 10.7
Taiwan, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia
West Bank and Gaza

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