Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Antigua and Barbuda -1.7 -1.8 -1.5 -0.9 -0.1
Guyana -1.2 -1.4 -1.4 -1.2 -0.8
Aruba -0.6 -1.3 -1.2 -0.1 1.8
Dominica -0.8 -0.9 -0.9 -0.7 -0.4
Afghanistan -1.7 -0.9 0.3 2.0 3.9
St. Kitts and Nevis -0.8 -0.8 -0.7 -0.5 -0.1
Curacao -0.0 -0.8 -1.5 -1.6 -1.1
Grenada 0.2 -0.8 -1.3 -1.2 -0.6
Liberia 0.4 -0.5 -1.2 -1.6 -1.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) -0.5 -0.5 -1.4 -1.4 0.9
Lebanon 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.3 1.0
Hungary -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -1.1 -1.0
Mozambique 0.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.4 1.4
Portugal 0.1 -0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2
Italy 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Ireland 0.0 0.0 -0.4 -0.4 0.1
Czech Republic 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 -0.3
Austria 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.8
Montenegro 0.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.0
Belgium 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.3
Denmark 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2
Bulgaria -0.0 0.1 0.1 -1.2 -1.8
Germany 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.8 0.9
United Kingdom 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Spain 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Samoa 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5
Tonga 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Finland 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Macedonia, FYR 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.0 -0.2
Sweden 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.8
Greece 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 1.1
Barbados 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Croatia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3
Ukraine 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2
Romania 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.2
Monaco 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4
Fiji 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.6
Norway 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3
Japan 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3
Slovak Republic 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4
Poland 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4
France 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Uruguay 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Switzerland 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0
Jamaica 1.1 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.6
Netherlands 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Luxembourg 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.0 1.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4
Belarus 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.2
Malta 1.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0
Seychelles 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9
Russian Federation 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4
Mauritius 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7
Estonia 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.1
Bermuda 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8
Georgia 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.3 -0.0
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.4
New Zealand -0.0 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.9
United States 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1
Tuvalu 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
Somalia 0.2 0.9 1.3 1.1 0.6
Trinidad and Tobago 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7
Puerto Rico 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Korea, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Cuba 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.9
Liechtenstein 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2
Latvia 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.5 -0.1
Lithuania 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.4
San Marino 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
Iceland 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.2 0.8
Greenland 0.6 1.1 1.3 0.9 0.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.2 1.2 0.7 1.0 0.3
Slovenia 1.2 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.1
Kazakhstan 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.7 0.6
El Salvador 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Canada 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.8 1.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3 1.4 1.1 0.4 -0.7
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Mali 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.9
Faroe Islands 1.4 1.5 1.3 0.7 -0.2
Cabo Verde 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.7 2.0
Singapore -0.1 1.5 2.5 2.9 3.9
Argentina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Sri Lanka 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.1
Australia 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.5
Cyprus 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.0 2.1
Azerbaijan 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 0.8
China 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Israel 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 3.1
Chile 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6
Lesotho 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7
Bahamas, The 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8
Armenia 1.7 1.8 1.5 0.9 0.1
Sao Tome and Principe 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
South Sudan 2.1 1.8 1.3 0.6 -0.2
Palau 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.2
Suriname 1.5 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.0
Thailand 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.4
Myanmar 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5
St. Lucia 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.6
Isle of Man 1.2 1.9 2.2 2.0 1.5
Kyrgyz Republic 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.9
Turkey 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Brazil 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Bolivia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
New Caledonia 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.4
Albania 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.7 1.8
Morocco 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Colombia 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Mexico 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Dominican Republic 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Haiti 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Panama 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
India 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Central African Republic 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3
Nepal 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.5
Timor-Leste 2.6 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.7
Guinea-Bissau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Guam 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Iraq 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.5
Nicaragua 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Peru 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Vanuatu 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.4
Guatemala 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Papua New Guinea 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Vietnam 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.4 1.9
Ecuador 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Turkmenistan 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.7
Uzbekistan 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
South Africa 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.0
Costa Rica 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Tunisia 3.1 2.5 2.2 1.3 2.4
Venezuela, RB 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
Angola 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.8
Burkina Faso 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Kiribati 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.2
Nigeria 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Philippines 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
French Polynesia 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.3 2.1
Bangladesh 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Mauritania 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Congo, Rep. 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Gabon 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Belize 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.4
Paraguay 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Brunei Darussalam 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Niger 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1
Ghana 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7
Solomon Islands 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Mongolia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.2 3.5
Guinea 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.8 4.6
Lao PDR 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Sudan 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.7
Algeria 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Madagascar 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0
Libya 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.4
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8
Cambodia 3.1 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.2
Benin 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.2 3.4
Honduras 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Comoros 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Tanzania 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.2
Cameroon 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Zambia 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8
Senegal 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Chad 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2
Sierra Leone 2.9 3.1 2.9 2.3 1.4
Eritrea 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.3 1.5
Botswana 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9
Syrian Arab Republic 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0
Togo 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7
Pakistan 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9
Ethiopia 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4
Tajikistan 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.6
Maldives 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 0.7
Bhutan 3.2 3.4 3.2 2.3 1.2
Burundi 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.2 2.9
Uganda 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4
Turks and Caicos Islands 3.8 3.5 3.5 4.0 4.7
Bahrain 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.0
Kenya 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4
Zimbabwe 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.2 2.9
Cote d'Ivoire 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5
Jordan 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.7
Oman 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.7 4.0
Yemen, Rep. 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.6
Equatorial Guinea 4.9 3.9 3.2 3.0 3.2
American Samoa 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.4 3.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.0 3.9 3.6 3.2 2.6
Andorra 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9
Macao SAR, China 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.7 3.2
Namibia 3.9 4.3 4.4 4.3 3.9
Swaziland 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.4
Saudi Arabia 4.8 4.4 4.0 3.7 3.4
Marshall Islands 4.8 4.7 4.4 3.9 3.2
Gambia, The 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.0
Rwanda 4.7 5.0 4.4 2.7 0.3
Kuwait 4.9 5.1 4.3 2.6 0.2
Cayman Islands 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.1
United Arab Emirates 5.8 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.6
Qatar 7.1 6.1 5.0 3.9 2.9
Malawi 5.6 6.3 6.1 5.1 3.6
Djibouti 6.3 7.4 7.5 6.6 5.2
Northern Mariana Islands 8.9 7.9 7.2 6.7 6.4
St. Martin (French part) 17.5 16.5 14.0 10.7 8.2
West Bank and Gaza
Serbia 0.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

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