Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Antigua and Barbuda -1.7 -1.7 -1.8 -1.5 -0.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) -0.9 -0.5 -0.5 -1.4 -1.4
Grenada 1.5 0.2 -0.8 -1.3 -1.2
Aruba 0.3 -0.6 -1.3 -1.2 -0.1
Liberia 1.5 0.4 -0.5 -1.2 -1.6
Dominica -0.8 -0.8 -0.9 -0.9 -0.7
Guyana -0.9 -0.9 -0.9 -0.8 -0.6
St. Kitts and Nevis -0.7 -0.8 -0.8 -0.7 -0.5
Afghanistan -2.8 -2.3 -1.8 -0.5 1.8
Ireland 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.4 -0.4
Mozambique 1.0 0.4 -0.1 -0.2 0.3
Hungary -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -1.1
Lebanon 0.4 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.3
Portugal 0.3 0.1 -0.0 -0.1 -0.1
Italy 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Denmark 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Czech Republic 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Bulgaria -0.0 -0.0 0.1 0.1 -1.2
Austria 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5
Fiji 1.6 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.2
Spain 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
United Kingdom 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Monaco 1.1 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.3
Jamaica 1.4 1.1 0.6 0.2 0.8
Samoa 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Slovenia 0.5 1.2 1.2 0.3 0.1
New Zealand 0.6 -0.0 0.9 0.3 0.5
Belarus 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.3
Finland 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Tonga 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Belgium 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.4
Croatia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2
Greece 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5
Barbados 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Germany -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.8
Poland 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4
Japan 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
Ukraine 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Sweden 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.7
Romania 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4
Slovak Republic 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5
Norway 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4
France 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5
Estonia 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.4
Uruguay 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Netherlands 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Russian Federation 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.7 1.0
Seychelles 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Luxembourg 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.0
Switzerland 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8
Moldova 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
Montenegro 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6
Tuvalu 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7
Macedonia, FYR 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.5
Mauritius 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
Trinidad and Tobago 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7
Malta 1.8 1.7 0.7 0.8 1.0
Bermuda 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
United States 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Puerto Rico 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Cabo Verde 1.9 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.2
Korea, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Georgia 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.3
Latvia 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.5
Liechtenstein 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Lithuania 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.8
Cuba 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0
Kazakhstan 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.7
San Marino 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Faeroe Islands 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.3 0.7
Somalia -0.7 0.2 0.9 1.3 1.1
El Salvador 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Greenland 0.9 0.6 1.1 1.3 0.9
Canada 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.8
Mali 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.5
South Sudan 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.3 0.6
Sri Lanka 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Argentina 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Armenia 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.5 0.9
Azerbaijan 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Iceland 0.8 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.2
Lesotho 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
China 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5
Australia 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.4 1.8 2.0 1.7 0.4
Israel 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7
Suriname 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.7
Bahamas, The 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Chile 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Palau 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.9
Myanmar 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Kyrgyz Republic 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.1
Thailand 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.6
Cyprus 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.0
Turkey 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
New Caledonia 1.6 0.7 1.8 1.9 2.8
Brazil 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Albania 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.7
St. Lucia 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8
Indonesia 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Central African Republic 2.6 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.0
Mexico 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Colombia 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Morocco 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0
Dominican Republic 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Nicaragua 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1
India 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Haiti 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Kosovo 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Panama 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Isle of Man 0.4 1.2 1.9 2.2 2.0
Peru 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 2.9 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.2
Guinea-Bissau 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Tunisia 3.0 3.1 2.5 2.2 1.3
Guam 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3
Nepal 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3
Iraq 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4
Guatemala 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Bolivia 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.4
Vanuatu 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.5
Timor-Leste 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.5
South Africa 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.2
Uzbekistan 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4
Vietnam 2.0 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.4
Papua New Guinea 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Sao Tome and Principe 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4
Angola 3.1 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.6
Ecuador 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Turkmenistan 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Libya 3.4 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.4
Singapore 0.1 -0.1 1.5 2.5 2.9
French Polynesia 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.3
Comoros 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Burkina Faso 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Nigeria 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Bangladesh 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Belize 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Costa Rica 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Venezuela, RB 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Philippines 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Mauritania 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Ghana 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.7
Congo, Rep. 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Mongolia 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.4
Gabon 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Paraguay 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Zambia 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Algeria 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7
Solomon Islands 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
Sierra Leone 2.6 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.1
Kiribati 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.6
Brunei Darussalam 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Cambodia 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.9 3.0
Niger 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0
Lao PDR 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.2
Honduras 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Madagascar 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0
Malaysia 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Sudan 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.2
Benin 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.2
Cameroon 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Tanzania 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.1
Togo 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.9
Syrian Arab Republic 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.0
Senegal 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Botswana 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0
Equatorial Guinea 6.2 4.8 3.8 3.1 3.0
Bhutan 2.8 3.2 3.4 3.2 2.3
Eritrea 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.2 2.6
Guinea 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.8
Chad 2.7 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.2
Pakistan 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Tajikistan 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.0
Ethiopia 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3
Maldives 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.1
Burundi 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.1
Zimbabwe 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.1
Cote d'Ivoire 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Turks and Caicos Islands 4.4 3.8 3.5 3.5 4.0
Jordan 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.6
Kenya 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5
Bahrain 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.4
Oman 4.6 4.2 3.8 3.6 3.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.1
Uganda 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6
American Samoa 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.4
Yemen, Rep. 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.8 4.1
Saudi Arabia 5.3 4.7 4.3 3.9 3.6
Andorra 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9
Macao SAR, China 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.7
Swaziland 3.6 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.0
Rwanda 4.0 4.7 5.1 4.4 2.5
Marshall Islands 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.4 3.9
Namibia 3.3 3.9 4.3 4.4 4.3
Kuwait 4.7 5.1 5.3 4.5 2.5
Gambia, The 4.3 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.4
Qatar 8.4 7.1 6.1 5.0 3.9
Cayman Islands 4.1 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.3
Malawi 4.3 5.4 6.1 6.0 5.1
United Arab Emirates 5.3 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.9
Northern Mariana Islands 10.3 8.9 7.9 7.2 6.7
Djibouti 4.6 6.3 7.4 7.5 6.6
St. Martin (French part) 18.5 17.5 16.5 14.0 10.7
West Bank and Gaza
Serbia
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

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