Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Bosnia and Herzegovina -3.9 -1.0 1.4 2.9 3.0
Georgia -2.7 -2.5 -1.8 -1.0 -0.8
Armenia -2.1 -1.6 -1.1 -0.8 -0.6
Estonia -1.8 -1.5 -1.1 -1.0 -0.4
Kazakhstan -1.8 -1.5 -1.6 -1.7 -1.0
Latvia -1.4 -1.1 -1.0 -0.9 -0.8
St. Martin (French part) -1.2 -1.9 -2.5 -3.1 -3.5
Faeroe Islands -1.1 -0.1 0.8 1.4 1.6
Rwanda -1.1 4.6 8.7 10.3 9.1
Ukraine -0.8 -0.9 -0.9 -0.9 -0.9
Lithuania -0.8 -0.8 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7
Sierra Leone -0.6 -0.2 0.2 0.9 1.7
Albania -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6
Moldova -0.5 -0.2 -0.4 -0.0 -0.2
Bhutan -0.5 0.7 1.7 2.4 2.7
Bulgaria -0.4 -0.5 -0.6 -0.7 -0.6
Belarus -0.3 -0.3 -0.4 -0.5 -0.3
Romania -0.2 -0.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2
Hungary -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3
Montenegro -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1
Russian Federation -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3
Macedonia, FYR -0.1 0.4 0.8 1.1 1.1
Czech Republic -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1
Dominica -0.0 -0.3 -0.5 -0.7 -0.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines -0.0 -0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.0
Italy 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Slovenia 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.1
Serbia 0.1 -0.4 -0.8 -1.1 -0.4
Poland 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.0
Austria 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Belgium 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Tonga 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5
Spain 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5
United Kingdom 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Barbados 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Slovak Republic 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Germany 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1
Guyana 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Portugal 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6
France 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Trinidad and Tobago 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2
Finland 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Japan 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Croatia 0.4 -3.8 1.7 -1.6 1.2
South Sudan 0.4 2.3 3.8 4.8 4.9
Tuvalu 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
Cuba 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Netherlands 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7
Ireland 0.5 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.1
Norway 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7
Denmark 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3
Sweden 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Greenland 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0
Iceland 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.1 1.2
Isle of Man 0.6 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.4
Switzerland 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.5
Malta 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5
Bermuda 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6
Uruguay 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5
Mongolia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
Greece 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4
Samoa 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.4
Jamaica 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.7
Canada 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8
Thailand 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2
Grenada 0.9 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1
Mauritius 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.3
Marshall Islands 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3
Monaco 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Puerto Rico 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.5
Kyrgyz Republic 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Korea, Rep. 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.7
Somalia 1.1 2.1 2.9 3.4 3.5
China 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9
San Marino 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.8 1.0
Malawi 1.1 1.9 2.4 2.8 2.9
Azerbaijan 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9
United States 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Australia 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.1
Qatar 1.2 2.2 3.3 3.9 3.9
St. Lucia 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3
El Salvador 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Eritrea 1.2 1.9 2.5 3.0 3.4
Argentina 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Fiji 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 1.3 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.3 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.8
Suriname 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Sri Lanka 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.4
Kiribati 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 1.4 0.7 0.2 -0.2 -0.4
Luxembourg 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.4
Tajikistan 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Myanmar 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.3
New Zealand 1.5 1.6 1.3 0.9 0.5
Liechtenstein 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Timor-Leste 1.5 0.3 -0.7 -1.1 -0.6
Bahamas, The 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2
Brazil 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6
Morocco 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
Turkey 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Indonesia 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Burundi 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.5
Kosovo 1.6 1.5 1.3 -5.9 -11.0
Tunisia 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Vietnam 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Chile 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Lesotho 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.0
Macao SAR, China 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
French Polynesia 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.0
Djibouti 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Sao Tome and Principe 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.3
Peru 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Uzbekistan 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.1
Andorra 1.8 0.7 -0.3 -0.5 0.4
Dominican Republic 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Colombia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Zimbabwe 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.3
India 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Seychelles 1.8 1.5 1.2 2.0 2.0
Haiti 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8
Guam 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.1
Algeria 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5
Lebanon 2.0 1.2 0.7 0.7 1.4
Mexico 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 2.0 4.4 0.8 0.8 1.0
Libya 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Swaziland 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 1.9
Saudi Arabia 2.0 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.7
American Samoa 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5
Panama 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0
Bangladesh 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Oman 2.1 1.0 0.1 -0.3 0.1
Venezuela, RB 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Ecuador 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Cyprus 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
South Africa 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4
Nicaragua 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.7
Turkmenistan 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.4 1.2
Belize 2.3 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.0
Guinea-Bissau 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Philippines 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Bolivia 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Guatemala 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Central African Republic 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Paraguay 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Maldives 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Vanuatu 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.8
Togo 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Honduras 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1
Comoros 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Costa Rica 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Botswana 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9
Zambia 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7
Nigeria 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Lao PDR 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.9
Cabo Verde 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9
Malaysia 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4
Ghana 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Nepal 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3
Papua New Guinea 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.6
Mali 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Pakistan 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5
Gabon 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Bahrain 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.7
Brunei Darussalam 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3
Palau 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.2 1.9
Antigua and Barbuda 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.4
Israel 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.5
Congo, Rep. 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Senegal 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Burkina Faso 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Gambia, The 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9
Syrian Arab Republic 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Cameroon 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Solomon Islands 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7
Kenya 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6
Mauritania 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0
Liberia 3.0 5.5 7.3 7.8 6.9
Namibia 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.6
Tanzania 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.5
Cote d'Ivoire 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.3
Angola 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.8
Singapore 3.0 4.1 3.4 3.4 0.8
New Caledonia 3.1 2.1 2.3 1.7 2.0
Madagascar 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.1 2.6 2.2 2.0 2.0
Cambodia 3.2 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3
Iraq 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1
Uganda 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1
Jordan 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 1.8
Ethiopia 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9
Chad 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5
Equatorial Guinea 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mozambique 3.4 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.5
Benin 3.4 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9
Niger 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7
Sudan 3.5 2.9 2.5 2.2 2.2
Guinea 4.2 3.2 2.5 1.9 1.7
Yemen, Rep. 4.2 3.7 3.2 2.9 2.8
West Bank and Gaza 4.5 4.5 4.5 2.6 2.6
Aruba 4.6 3.5 2.7 2.1 2.0
Northern Mariana Islands 4.8 4.6 4.4 3.8 2.9
Turks and Caicos Islands 4.9 4.0 3.4 3.5 4.3
United Arab Emirates 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.0
Cayman Islands 5.2 5.7 6.0 5.9 5.3
Afghanistan 6.5 4.6 3.2 2.5 2.5
Kuwait -0.1 3.2 5.1 5.4
Curacao -3.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) -0.5

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