Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
St. Martin (French part) -1.9 -2.5 -3.1 -3.5 -3.2
Kazakhstan -1.5 -1.6 -1.7 -1.0 -0.3
Curacao 0.8 0.4 -1.7 -3.6 -4.1
Croatia -3.8 1.7 -1.6 1.2 -2.9
Timor-Leste 0.4 -0.7 -1.0 -0.5 0.7
Georgia -2.5 -1.8 -1.0 -0.8 -0.8
Estonia -1.5 -1.1 -1.0 -0.4 1.2
Latvia -1.1 -1.0 -0.9 -0.8 -1.0
Ukraine -0.9 -0.9 -0.9 -0.9 -1.0
Armenia -1.6 -1.1 -0.8 -0.6 -0.6
Lithuania -0.8 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7
Bulgaria -0.5 -0.6 -0.7 -0.6 -0.5
Dominica -0.3 -0.5 -0.7 -0.6 -0.3
Albania -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6
Belarus -0.3 -0.4 -0.5 -0.3 -0.3
Andorra 0.7 -0.2 -0.4 0.4 1.9
Serbia -0.1 -0.3 -0.4 -0.4 -0.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.7 0.2 -0.2 -0.4 -0.4
Hungary -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3 -0.3
Slovenia -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.3
Romania -0.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1
Russian Federation -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4
Montenegro -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.0
Oman 1.3 0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.6
Czech Republic -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina -1.8 -0.8 -0.1 0.2 0.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines -0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.0 0.0
Moldova -0.2 -0.4 -0.0 -0.2 -0.2
Germany 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Italy 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Poland 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.0 -1.0
Sweden 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Austria 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Slovak Republic 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.1
Trinidad and Tobago 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0
Grenada 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2
Greenland 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2
Belgium 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Finland 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Japan 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
United Kingdom 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Switzerland 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.6
Spain 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.8
Denmark 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
France 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.7
Barbados 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Cuba 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Tuvalu 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Tonga 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Marshall Islands 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.2
Samoa 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5
Guyana 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3
Portugal 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7
Greece 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3
Puerto Rico 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.3
Norway 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6
Malta 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5
Netherlands 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7
Uruguay 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4
Lebanon 1.2 0.7 0.7 1.4 2.5
Korea, Rep. 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8
Bermuda 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.9
Macedonia, FYR 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.6
El Salvador 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.4 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9
Mongolia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Canada 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.9
Monaco 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
New Zealand 1.6 1.3 0.9 0.5 0.6
Jamaica 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.6
Sierra Leone -0.1 0.3 0.9 1.8 2.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Fiji 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.6
Azerbaijan 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8
China 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8
Australia 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.2
Ireland 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.3
Mauritius 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.0
Bahamas, The 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.5
Iceland 0.5 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.4
San Marino 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Lesotho 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.9
Argentina 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
Sri Lanka 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.4 0.2
Thailand 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2
United States 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Luxembourg 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.3
Tajikistan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Morocco 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1
Tunisia 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.0
Guam 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.1 0.9
Chile 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Myanmar 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Turkmenistan 1.9 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.2
St. Lucia 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2
Zimbabwe 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.0
Isle of Man 1.0 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.2
Burundi 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.7 2.1
Indonesia 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Faeroe Islands -0.0 0.9 1.5 1.6 1.4
Peru 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4
Algeria 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Colombia 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Kyrgyz Republic 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2
Vietnam 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.3
Brazil 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Turkey 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Liechtenstein 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.3
Uzbekistan 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.1 1.4
Dominican Republic 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Suriname 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.1
Macao SAR, China 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5
Sao Tome and Principe 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9
Kiribati 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Nicaragua 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5
American Samoa 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.3
Mexico 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5
Vanuatu 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.8 2.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Haiti 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Libya 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Djibouti 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
India 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Lao PDR 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.6
New Caledonia 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Cyprus 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Botswana 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.6
Bolivia 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Seychelles 1.5 1.2 2.0 2.0 0.9
Venezuela, RB 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Guinea 3.3 2.5 2.0 1.7 1.7
Ecuador 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Panama 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
French Polynesia 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.8
Bangladesh 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9
Nepal 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.8
Aruba 3.5 2.7 2.1 2.0 2.1
Swaziland 2.2 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.5
Guinea-Bissau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1
Paraguay 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0
Philippines 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1
Palau 2.5 2.4 2.2 1.9 1.6
Honduras 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1
Central African Republic 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Ghana 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4
Costa Rica 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0
Brunei Darussalam 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Israel 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.6
Eritrea 1.2 1.8 2.3 2.7 3.0
South Africa 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.5
Sudan 3.1 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.4
Bhutan 0.7 1.7 2.4 2.8 2.8
Guatemala 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Senegal 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.7
Pakistan 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3
Cabo Verde 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.1
Saudi Arabia 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.7
Kenya 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
Tanzania 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6
Malaysia 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3
Nigeria 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Gabon 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4
West Bank and Gaza 4.5 4.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
Togo 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Mozambique 3.1 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.7
Afghanistan 4.1 3.1 2.6 2.8 3.4
Maldives 2.7 0.8 2.6 3.3 2.1
Papua New Guinea 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Cambodia 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2
Comoros 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Jordan 3.1 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5
Cameroon 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6
Mali 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8
Antigua and Barbuda 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.1
Syrian Arab Republic 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.4
Congo, Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5
Zambia 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6
Angola 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.1
Solomon Islands 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7
Cote d'Ivoire 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.3
Burkina Faso 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Gambia, The 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0
Benin 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.1
Yemen, Rep. 3.7 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.8
Namibia 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.2
Malawi 1.9 2.5 2.9 3.0 2.8
Ethiopia 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Uganda 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1
Mauritania 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1
Madagascar 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Iraq 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0
Bahrain 2.8 3.1 3.3 3.6 4.0
Equatorial Guinea 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Singapore 4.1 3.4 3.4 0.8 1.7
Somalia 2.1 2.9 3.4 3.5 3.3
Chad 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 4.0 3.4 3.5 4.3 5.5
Niger 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7
Qatar 2.1 3.1 3.8 3.9 3.9
Northern Mariana Islands 4.6 4.4 3.8 2.9 1.7
Belize 3.2 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.4
Kuwait 0.1 2.9 4.6 4.8 4.0
South Sudan 2.4 3.9 4.8 4.9 4.5
United Arab Emirates 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.6
Cayman Islands 5.7 6.0 5.9 5.3 4.6
Liberia 5.5 7.3 7.8 6.9 5.3
Rwanda 3.1 6.5 8.0 7.4 5.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) -0.5 -1.8

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