Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Qatar 33.6 33.1 32.9 32.8 32.8
United Arab Emirates 34.5 35.1 35.3 35.2 35.0
Kuwait 42.6 43.1 44.0 45.0 45.9
Bahrain 42.7 42.9 42.9 42.7 42.6
Saudi Arabia 45.4 45.1 44.9 44.6 44.4
Oman 46.2 45.9 45.8 45.6 45.3
Libya 46.8 46.7 46.7 46.8 47.0
Brunei Darussalam 47.0 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1
Maldives 47.3 47.4 47.6 47.7 47.9
Jordan 47.3 47.3 47.3 47.3 47.4
Guam 47.4 47.2 47.0 46.8 46.7
French Polynesia 47.7 47.7 47.7 47.8 47.9
Cote d'Ivoire 47.7 47.8 47.8 47.8 47.9
Vanuatu 47.8 47.9 48.1 48.2 48.4
Pakistan 47.9 48.0 48.0 48.1 48.1
Bangladesh 48.1 48.1 48.0 48.1 48.1
Bhutan 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.2 48.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 48.1 48.2 48.3 48.5 48.6
India 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1
Samoa 48.2 48.0 47.9 47.9 47.8
China 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4
Solomon Islands 48.4 48.5 48.5 48.5 48.6
Papua New Guinea 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.8 48.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 48.7 48.7 48.8 48.8 48.8
Albania 48.8 48.8 48.7 48.7 48.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8
Afghanistan 48.9 48.8 48.8 48.7 48.7
New Caledonia 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
Singapore 49.0 49.1 49.2 49.3 49.5
Costa Rica 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1
Sri Lanka 49.2 49.2 49.3 49.3 49.4
Timor-Leste 49.2 49.1 49.1 49.0 48.8
Suriname 49.2 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.2
Ghana 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Syrian Arab Republic 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Nepal 49.2 49.3 49.5 49.7 49.9
Iraq 49.3 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.6
Panama 49.3 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Equatorial Guinea 49.3 49.1 48.9 48.9 48.9
Fiji 49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
Tonga 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.4 49.4
Philippines 49.4 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.5
Dominican Republic 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Venezuela, RB 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Paraguay 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Seychelles 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.8 49.9
Macedonia, FYR 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.6
Guatemala 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Cyprus 49.5 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.3
Cuba 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Nigeria 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.5
Djibouti 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.7 49.7
Algeria 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.5 49.5
Belize 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Malaysia 49.6 49.6 49.5 49.4 49.4
Tunisia 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Iceland 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8
Peru 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8
Ecuador 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Sudan 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Honduras 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Ireland 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.1 50.2
Nicaragua 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1
Madagascar 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Macao SAR, China 50.0 50.2 50.5 50.7 51.0
Korea, Rep. 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 49.9
Indonesia 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Comoros 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Israel 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Australia 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Thailand 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.3 50.4
Senegal 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.2
Morocco 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Mauritania 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Liberia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Brazil 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3
Kenya 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Lao PDR 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.0
Congo, Rep. 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Ethiopia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Uganda 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Zimbabwe 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Gambia, The 50.3 50.1 50.0 49.9 49.8
South Africa 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4
Colombia 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Mexico 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2
Trinidad and Tobago 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2
South Sudan 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Mali 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.5
Bulgaria 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.6
Canada 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Tajikistan 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.4
Bahamas, The 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Zambia 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
New Zealand 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.7
Jamaica 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.6 50.7
Cameroon 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Guinea-Bissau 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Mauritius 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.2
Montenegro 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Kiribati 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Netherlands 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6
Eritrea 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4
Somalia 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Chad 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4
Norway 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Lebanon 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.7
Tanzania 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Turkey 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Guyana 50.6 50.6 50.7 50.8 50.8
Togo 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Sweden 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Bolivia 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5
Uzbekistan 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Chile 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Guinea 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Mongolia 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Niger 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.9
Romania 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Sao Tome and Principe 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.5
Denmark 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Angola 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.8
Sierra Leone 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6
Haiti 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Rwanda 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
Argentina 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.9 50.9
Greece 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Yemen, Rep. 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7
Japan 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
Turkmenistan 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8
Botswana 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7
Central African Republic 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
Malta 50.9 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Vietnam 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8
Spain 50.9 50.9 51.0 51.0 51.0
Slovak Republic 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.1
St. Lucia 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.9 50.9
Myanmar 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Armenia 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.2
Burkina Faso 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.2 51.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 51.1 51.0 50.9 50.7 50.6
Puerto Rico 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.3 51.4
El Salvador 51.2 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.3
Mozambique 51.2 51.3 51.4 51.6 51.8
Belgium 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1 51.1
Uruguay 51.2 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.4
Poland 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Azerbaijan 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1
Aruba 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.1 50.9
Switzerland 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2
Gabon 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.1
Malawi 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.1 51.0
Grenada 51.4 51.3 51.1 51.0 50.9
Namibia 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.2
United States 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.3
United Kingdom 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Luxembourg 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.2
Burundi 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.2 51.0
Kyrgyz Republic 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.2
Curacao 51.4 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8
Slovenia 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Italy 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.5
Antigua and Barbuda 51.4 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8
France 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Czech Republic 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Finland 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.5 51.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 51.6 51.6 51.5 51.5 51.5
Hungary 51.7 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.6 51.5
Kazakhstan 51.8 51.8 51.7 51.7 51.6
Portugal 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Benin 51.9 51.9 51.9 51.8 51.8
Croatia 51.9 51.9 51.8 51.7 51.6
Barbados 52.2 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.0
Germany 52.4 52.3 52.3 52.2 52.1
Cambodia 52.5 52.3 52.1 52.0 51.9
Moldova 52.6 52.5 52.5 52.4 52.4
Austria 52.6 52.6 52.5 52.4 52.3
Lesotho 52.7 52.6 52.4 52.1 51.9
Swaziland 52.7 52.8 52.8 52.9 52.9
Cabo Verde 52.8 52.6 52.5 52.4 52.4
Lithuania 52.8 52.8 52.8 52.7 52.7
Georgia 52.8 52.8 52.7 52.6 52.6
Belarus 53.4 53.4 53.3 53.3 53.2
Estonia 53.5 53.5 53.4 53.3 53.3
Russian Federation 53.7 53.6 53.6 53.5 53.4
Latvia 53.9 53.8 53.7 53.7 53.6
Ukraine 54.1 54.0 54.0 53.9 53.8
Bermuda
St. Kitts and Nevis
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
West Bank and Gaza
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Liechtenstein
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Faeroe Islands
Tuvalu
Cayman Islands
Dominica
Greenland
Andorra
Kosovo
Serbia
Isle of Man
Palau
American Samoa

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