Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Qatar 32.9 32.8 32.8 32.9 33.1
United Arab Emirates 35.0 34.9 34.7 34.4 34.2
Bahrain 42.9 42.7 42.6 42.4 42.3
Kuwait 44.1 45.1 46.0 46.5 46.7
Saudi Arabia 44.9 44.6 44.4 44.2 44.0
Oman 45.8 45.6 45.4 45.0 44.3
Libya 46.8 46.9 47.0 47.2 47.3
Guam 47.0 46.8 46.7 46.6 46.7
Brunei Darussalam 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1
Jordan 47.3 47.3 47.4 47.4 47.5
French Polynesia 47.7 47.8 47.9 48.0 48.0
Cote d'Ivoire 47.8 47.8 47.9 47.9 48.0
Samoa 47.9 47.9 47.8 47.8 47.8
Pakistan 48.0 48.0 48.1 48.1 48.2
Maldives 48.1 48.2 48.4 48.6 48.7
Vanuatu 48.1 48.2 48.4 48.5 48.6
Bhutan 48.1 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2
India 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 48.3 48.5 48.6 48.7 48.9
Solomon Islands 48.5 48.5 48.6 48.6 48.6
Albania 48.6 48.6 48.5 48.6 48.8
China 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.7
Papua New Guinea 48.7 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8
Bangladesh 48.8 48.8 48.9 48.9 48.9
Afghanistan 48.9 48.9 48.9 48.9 48.8
Equatorial Guinea 48.9 48.9 48.9 48.9 48.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.1
New Caledonia 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
Suriname 49.1 49.1 49.2 49.2 49.2
Singapore 49.2 49.3 49.5 49.6 49.7
Ghana 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Syrian Arab Republic 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Sri Lanka 49.3 49.3 49.4 49.5 49.5
Fiji 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.2 49.2
Timor-Leste 49.3 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Panama 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.5
Cyprus 49.4 49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3
Paraguay 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Philippines 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Tonga 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.3 49.3
Iraq 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Algeria 49.5 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.4
Malaysia 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.3 49.2
Costa Rica 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Macedonia, FYR 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.7 49.7
Venezuela, RB 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Nigeria 49.6 49.6 49.5 49.5 49.5
Cuba 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Belize 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Djibouti 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Seychelles 49.6 49.8 49.9 50.1 50.1
Dominican Republic 49.6 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.7
Ecuador 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8
Iceland 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Sudan 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Tunisia 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.7 49.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Honduras 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.9 49.9
Bolivia 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Comoros 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.8
Indonesia 50.0 49.9 49.8 49.8 49.8
Madagascar 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1 50.1
Korea, Rep. 50.0 50.0 49.9 49.9 49.9
Peru 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Israel 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1
Ireland 50.0 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.2
Gambia, The 50.0 49.9 49.8 49.7 49.7
Guatemala 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.3 50.4
Australia 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Lao PDR 50.1 50.1 50.0 50.0 50.0
Senegal 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Morocco 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Nepal 50.2 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.4
Mauritania 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1
Congo, Rep. 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1
Kenya 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Liberia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Ethiopia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1
Nicaragua 50.2 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4
Thailand 50.2 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.5
Mexico 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3
Zimbabwe 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Trinidad and Tobago 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Colombia 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Uganda 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50.3 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.0
South Sudan 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Mauritius 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1
Jamaica 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.6 50.7
South Africa 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Tajikistan 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.3
Brazil 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Mali 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.5
Zambia 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Canada 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Bahamas, The 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Cameroon 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3
Eritrea 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Bulgaria 50.4 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.7
Chad 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Kiribati 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Macao SAR, China 50.5 50.7 51.0 51.2 51.3
Somalia 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Tanzania 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
New Zealand 50.5 50.6 50.7 50.7 50.8
Sao Tome and Principe 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Netherlands 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Norway 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Togo 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.7
Lebanon 50.6 50.6 50.7 50.7 50.7
Montenegro 50.6 50.5 50.4 50.3 50.2
Sweden 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Turkey 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.7 50.7
Guinea 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.5
Uzbekistan 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Guinea-Bissau 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.7
Mongolia 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6
Romania 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Sierra Leone 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6
Chile 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Greece 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6
Denmark 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Angola 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8
Niger 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Yemen, Rep. 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.5
Haiti 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Rwanda 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.9
Guyana 50.8 50.9 50.9 51.0 51.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6
Botswana 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6
Vietnam 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Turkmenistan 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
France 50.8 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
Malawi 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
Argentina 50.9 50.9 50.9 51.0 51.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 50.9 50.7 50.6 50.4 50.3
Central African Republic 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
Japan 50.9 50.9 50.9 51.0 51.0
St. Lucia 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
Spain 50.9 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
United States 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Malta 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.9 50.9
Slovak Republic 51.0 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.2
El Salvador 51.0 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.2
Myanmar 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.0 51.0
Armenia 51.1 51.2 51.2 51.4 51.5
Grenada 51.1 51.0 50.9 50.8 50.7
Burkina Faso 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1 51.1
Belgium 51.2 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Aruba 51.2 51.1 50.9 50.8 50.7
Puerto Rico 51.2 51.3 51.4 51.5 51.6
Azerbaijan 51.2 51.2 51.1 51.0 51.0
Gabon 51.2 51.2 51.1 51.1 51.0
Switzerland 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Burundi 51.3 51.2 51.0 51.0 50.9
Poland 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.4 51.4
Uruguay 51.3 51.3 51.4 51.5 51.5
Italy 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.4 51.4
Namibia 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.1
Kyrgyz Republic 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.1
Luxembourg 51.4 51.3 51.2 51.1 51.1
Slovenia 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.5
United Kingdom 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Mozambique 51.4 51.6 51.8 52.1 52.2
Czech Republic 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.6
Finland 51.6 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Curacao 51.6 51.7 51.8 51.9 52.0
Croatia 51.6 51.6 51.5 51.5 51.5
Antigua and Barbuda 51.6 51.7 51.8 51.8 51.8
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 51.6 51.6 51.5 51.5 51.4
Kazakhstan 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.6 51.6
Hungary 51.8 51.8 51.9 51.9 52.0
Portugal 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Benin 51.9 51.8 51.8 51.7 51.7
Cambodia 52.1 52.0 51.9 51.8 51.7
Germany 52.1 52.0 51.9 51.8 51.7
Barbados 52.1 52.1 52.0 51.9 51.9
Lesotho 52.4 52.1 51.9 51.6 51.4
Austria 52.4 52.4 52.3 52.2 52.2
Moldova 52.5 52.4 52.4 52.4 52.3
Georgia 52.7 52.6 52.6 52.5 52.5
Lithuania 52.8 52.7 52.7 52.7 52.7
Swaziland 52.8 52.9 52.9 52.9 52.8
Cabo Verde 53.0 52.9 52.8 52.7 52.5
Belarus 53.3 53.2 53.2 53.1 53.1
Estonia 53.4 53.3 53.3 53.2 53.2
Russian Federation 53.5 53.4 53.3 53.2 53.2
Latvia 53.7 53.7 53.6 53.5 53.5
Ukraine 53.8 53.7 53.6 53.6 53.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
Faroe Islands
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Bermuda
Liechtenstein
Isle of Man
Serbia 50.6
Marshall Islands
Palau
Cayman Islands
Dominica
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
West Bank and Gaza 49.4
Greenland
St. Kitts and Nevis
American Samoa

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