Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Qatar 33.6 33.1 32.9 32.8 32.8
United Arab Emirates 34.5 35.1 35.3 35.2 35.0
Bahrain 42.7 42.9 42.9 42.7 42.6
Kuwait 42.6 43.1 44.0 45.0 45.9
Saudi Arabia 45.4 45.1 44.9 44.6 44.4
Oman 46.2 45.9 45.8 45.6 45.3
Libya 46.8 46.7 46.7 46.8 47.0
Guam 47.4 47.2 47.0 46.8 46.7
Brunei Darussalam 47.0 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1
Jordan 47.3 47.3 47.3 47.3 47.4
Maldives 47.3 47.4 47.6 47.7 47.9
French Polynesia 47.7 47.7 47.7 47.8 47.9
Cote d'Ivoire 47.7 47.8 47.8 47.8 47.9
Samoa 48.2 48.0 47.9 47.9 47.8
Pakistan 47.9 48.0 48.0 48.1 48.1
Bangladesh 48.1 48.1 48.0 48.1 48.1
Vanuatu 47.8 47.9 48.1 48.2 48.4
India 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1
Bhutan 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.2 48.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 48.1 48.2 48.3 48.5 48.6
China 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4
Solomon Islands 48.4 48.5 48.5 48.5 48.6
Albania 48.8 48.8 48.7 48.7 48.7
Papua New Guinea 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.8 48.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 48.7 48.7 48.8 48.8 48.8
Afghanistan 48.9 48.8 48.8 48.7 48.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8
Equatorial Guinea 49.3 49.1 48.9 48.9 48.9
New Caledonia 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
Timor-Leste 49.2 49.1 49.1 49.0 48.8
Costa Rica 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1
Suriname 49.2 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.2
Singapore 49.0 49.1 49.2 49.3 49.5
Ghana 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Syrian Arab Republic 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Sri Lanka 49.2 49.2 49.3 49.3 49.4
Fiji 49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
Panama 49.3 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Cyprus 49.5 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.3
Philippines 49.4 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.5
Paraguay 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Tonga 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.4 49.4
Dominican Republic 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Iraq 49.3 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.6
Guatemala 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Venezuela, RB 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Nepal 49.2 49.3 49.5 49.7 49.9
Malaysia 49.6 49.6 49.5 49.4 49.4
Macedonia, FYR 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.6
Algeria 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.5 49.5
Nigeria 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.5
Cuba 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Belize 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Djibouti 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.7 49.7
Seychelles 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.8 49.9
Tunisia 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Iceland 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8
Ecuador 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Peru 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8
Sudan 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Honduras 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.9
Madagascar 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Korea, Rep. 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 49.9
Nicaragua 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1
Indonesia 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Comoros 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Israel 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Gambia, The 50.3 50.1 50.0 49.9 49.8
Ireland 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.1 50.2
Australia 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Lao PDR 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.0
Morocco 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Senegal 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.2
Mauritania 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Congo, Rep. 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Kenya 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Liberia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Ethiopia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Thailand 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.3 50.4
Zimbabwe 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Brazil 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3
Uganda 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Trinidad and Tobago 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2
Mexico 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2
South Sudan 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Mauritius 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.2
Colombia 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
South Africa 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4
Tajikistan 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.4
Canada 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Zambia 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Bahamas, The 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Cameroon 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Mali 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.5
Kiribati 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Montenegro 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Bulgaria 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.6
Guinea-Bissau 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Chad 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4
Jamaica 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.6 50.7
Eritrea 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4
Macao SAR, China 50.0 50.2 50.5 50.7 51.0
Somalia 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
New Zealand 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.7
Tanzania 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Bolivia 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5
Netherlands 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6
Norway 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Togo 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Uzbekistan 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Lebanon 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.5
Sweden 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Turkey 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Guinea 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Chile 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Mongolia 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Sao Tome and Principe 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Romania 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Sierra Leone 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6
Guyana 50.6 50.6 50.7 50.8 50.8
Denmark 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Malta 50.9 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Angola 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.8
Haiti 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Rwanda 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
Niger 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7
Yemen, Rep. 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Greece 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Botswana 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7
Turkmenistan 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8
Argentina 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.9 50.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 51.1 51.0 50.9 50.7 50.6
Vietnam 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8
Japan 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
Central African Republic 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
St. Lucia 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.9 50.9
Spain 50.9 50.9 51.0 51.0 51.0
Slovak Republic 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.1
Myanmar 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Armenia 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.2
Grenada 51.4 51.3 51.1 51.0 50.9
Burkina Faso 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.2 51.2
Belgium 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1 51.1
Aruba 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.1 50.9
Malawi 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.1 51.0
Puerto Rico 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.3 51.4
Azerbaijan 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1
Poland 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Gabon 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.1
El Salvador 51.2 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.3
Switzerland 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2
Burundi 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.2 51.0
Uruguay 51.2 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.4
United States 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.3
Namibia 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.2
Kyrgyz Republic 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.2
Luxembourg 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.2
Slovenia 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
United Kingdom 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Mozambique 51.2 51.3 51.4 51.6 51.8
Italy 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.5
France 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Czech Republic 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 51.6 51.6 51.5 51.5 51.5
Finland 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.5 51.5
Curacao 51.4 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8
Antigua and Barbuda 51.4 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.6 51.5
Kazakhstan 51.8 51.8 51.7 51.7 51.6
Croatia 51.9 51.9 51.8 51.7 51.6
Hungary 51.7 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.9
Portugal 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Benin 51.9 51.9 51.9 51.8 51.8
Barbados 52.2 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.0
Cambodia 52.5 52.3 52.1 52.0 51.9
Germany 52.4 52.3 52.3 52.2 52.1
Lesotho 52.7 52.6 52.4 52.1 51.9
Moldova 52.6 52.5 52.5 52.4 52.4
Austria 52.6 52.6 52.5 52.4 52.3
Cabo Verde 52.8 52.6 52.5 52.4 52.4
Georgia 52.8 52.8 52.7 52.6 52.6
Lithuania 52.8 52.8 52.8 52.7 52.7
Swaziland 52.7 52.8 52.8 52.9 52.9
Belarus 53.4 53.4 53.3 53.3 53.2
Estonia 53.5 53.5 53.4 53.3 53.3
Russian Federation 53.7 53.6 53.6 53.5 53.4
Latvia 53.9 53.8 53.7 53.7 53.6
Ukraine 54.1 54.0 54.0 53.9 53.8
San Marino
Faeroe Islands
Greenland
West Bank and Gaza
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
Dominica
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Andorra
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis
Tuvalu
Kosovo
Monaco
Palau
Bermuda
Liechtenstein
St. Martin (French part)
Serbia
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa

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