Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Qatar 33.1 32.9 32.8 32.8 32.9
United Arab Emirates 35.1 35.3 35.2 35.0 34.7
Bahrain 42.9 42.9 42.7 42.6 42.4
Saudi Arabia 45.1 44.9 44.6 44.4 44.2
Kuwait 43.1 44.0 45.0 45.9 46.5
Oman 45.9 45.8 45.6 45.3 44.9
Libya 46.7 46.7 46.8 47.0 47.1
Guam 47.2 47.0 46.8 46.7 46.6
Brunei Darussalam 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1
Jordan 47.3 47.3 47.3 47.4 47.4
Maldives 47.4 47.6 47.7 47.9 48.1
French Polynesia 47.7 47.7 47.8 47.9 48.0
Cote d'Ivoire 47.8 47.8 47.8 47.9 47.9
Samoa 48.0 47.9 47.9 47.8 47.8
Bangladesh 48.1 48.0 48.1 48.1 48.1
Pakistan 48.0 48.0 48.1 48.1 48.1
India 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1
Bhutan 48.1 48.1 48.2 48.2 48.2
Vanuatu 47.9 48.1 48.2 48.4 48.5
China 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 48.2 48.3 48.5 48.6 48.7
Solomon Islands 48.5 48.5 48.5 48.6 48.6
Albania 48.8 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.7
Afghanistan 48.8 48.8 48.7 48.7 48.7
Papua New Guinea 48.7 48.7 48.8 48.8 48.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 48.7 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8
Equatorial Guinea 49.1 48.9 48.9 48.9 48.9
Timor-Leste 49.1 49.1 49.0 48.8 48.7
New Caledonia 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
Costa Rica 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1
Suriname 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.2 49.2
Ghana 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Syrian Arab Republic 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Fiji 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.2
Singapore 49.1 49.2 49.3 49.5 49.6
Sri Lanka 49.2 49.3 49.3 49.4 49.5
Cyprus 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.3 49.3
Panama 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.5
Tonga 49.5 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.3
Malaysia 49.6 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.3
Paraguay 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Philippines 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Dominican Republic 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Guatemala 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Venezuela, RB 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Algeria 49.6 49.6 49.5 49.5 49.5
Iraq 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.6
Nigeria 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.5 49.5
Macedonia, FYR 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Cuba 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Belize 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Djibouti 49.6 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.7
Tunisia 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Nepal 49.3 49.5 49.7 49.9 50.0
Ecuador 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Iceland 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8
Peru 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Seychelles 49.5 49.6 49.8 49.9 50.1
Sudan 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Honduras 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.9 49.9
Gambia, The 50.1 50.0 49.9 49.8 49.7
Korea, Rep. 50.0 50.0 50.0 49.9 49.9
Indonesia 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Israel 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Comoros 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Madagascar 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1
Nicaragua 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1 50.1
Lao PDR 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.0 50.0
Australia 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Ireland 50.0 50.0 50.1 50.2 50.2
Morocco 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Mauritania 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1
Senegal 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.2
Congo, Rep. 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Ethiopia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1
Kenya 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Liberia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Zimbabwe 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Uganda 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Trinidad and Tobago 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.2
Mauritius 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.2
Brazil 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3 50.3
Mexico 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.3
Thailand 50.1 50.2 50.3 50.4 50.4
South Sudan 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Colombia 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.4
Tajikistan 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4
South Africa 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.5
Cameroon 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.3
Canada 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Bahamas, The 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Zambia 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Kiribati 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.3
Montenegro 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Chad 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4
Eritrea 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4
Guinea-Bissau 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.5
Mali 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.6
Bulgaria 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.6 50.6
Somalia 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Tanzania 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Bolivia 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5
Uzbekistan 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.5
Netherlands 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Jamaica 50.4 50.5 50.6 50.7 50.8
Togo 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Norway 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
New Zealand 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.7 50.7
Guinea 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Sweden 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Lebanon 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.7 50.7
Chile 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Turkey 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.7
Mongolia 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6
Sao Tome and Principe 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Sierra Leone 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6
Malta 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6
Romania 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 51.0 50.9 50.7 50.6 50.4
Denmark 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Haiti 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Rwanda 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Macao SAR, China 50.2 50.5 50.7 51.0 51.2
Angola 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
Botswana 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
Greece 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7
Guyana 50.6 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.9
Yemen, Rep. 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7
Turkmenistan 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7
Niger 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.9 50.9
Vietnam 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8
Argentina 50.8 50.8 50.9 50.9 50.9
Japan 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 51.0
Central African Republic 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
St. Lucia 51.0 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
Spain 50.9 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Grenada 51.3 51.1 51.0 50.9 50.8
Aruba 51.2 51.2 51.1 50.9 50.8
Slovak Republic 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.1 51.1
Myanmar 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Malawi 51.3 51.2 51.1 51.0 50.9
Belgium 51.2 51.2 51.1 51.1 51.1
Azerbaijan 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1 51.0
Burkina Faso 51.1 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1
Burundi 51.4 51.3 51.2 51.0 51.0
Armenia 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.2 51.4
Gabon 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.1 51.1
Poland 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.3
Switzerland 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.2
Puerto Rico 51.1 51.2 51.3 51.4 51.5
El Salvador 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
Kyrgyz Republic 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2
Namibia 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2
Luxembourg 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.2 51.1
United States 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
Uruguay 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.4 51.5
Slovenia 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.5
United Kingdom 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Italy 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.5 51.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 51.6 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
France 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Czech Republic 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Finland 51.6 51.6 51.5 51.5 51.5
Korea, Dem. Rep. 51.7 51.6 51.6 51.5 51.5
Mozambique 51.3 51.4 51.6 51.8 52.0
Curacao 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8 51.9
Kazakhstan 51.8 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.6
Croatia 51.9 51.8 51.7 51.6 51.5
Antigua and Barbuda 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8 51.8
Portugal 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Benin 51.9 51.9 51.8 51.8 51.7
Hungary 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.9 51.9
Cambodia 52.3 52.1 52.0 51.9 51.8
Barbados 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.0 52.0
Lesotho 52.6 52.4 52.1 51.9 51.6
Germany 52.3 52.3 52.2 52.1 51.9
Austria 52.6 52.5 52.4 52.3 52.3
Moldova 52.5 52.5 52.4 52.4 52.4
Cabo Verde 52.6 52.5 52.4 52.4 52.3
Georgia 52.8 52.7 52.6 52.6 52.5
Lithuania 52.8 52.8 52.7 52.7 52.7
Swaziland 52.8 52.8 52.9 52.9 52.9
Belarus 53.4 53.3 53.3 53.2 53.2
Estonia 53.5 53.4 53.3 53.3 53.2
Russian Federation 53.6 53.6 53.5 53.4 53.3
Latvia 53.8 53.7 53.7 53.6 53.5
Ukraine 54.0 54.0 53.9 53.8 53.7
Cayman Islands
Marshall Islands
Greenland
West Bank and Gaza
Andorra
San Marino
Faeroe Islands
Bermuda
St. Martin (French part)
Dominica
Northern Mariana Islands
Palau
Isle of Man
Monaco
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Kitts and Nevis
Kosovo
Serbia
American Samoa

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