Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Qatar 32.9 33.0 33.2 33.3 33.5
United Arab Emirates 34.7 34.4 34.2 34.0 33.9
Bahrain 42.4 42.3 42.2 42.2 42.2
Saudi Arabia 44.2 44.0 43.9 43.8 43.8
Oman 44.9 44.3 43.4 42.4 41.4
Kuwait 46.5 46.7 46.2 45.2 43.7
Guam 46.6 46.7 46.8 47.0 47.3
Libya 47.1 47.2 47.3 47.4 47.4
Brunei Darussalam 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.2 47.2
Jordan 47.4 47.5 47.5 47.5 47.4
Samoa 47.8 47.8 47.8 47.9 47.9
Cote d'Ivoire 47.9 48.0 48.0 48.0 48.1
French Polynesia 48.0 48.0 48.1 48.0 48.0
Maldives 48.1 48.3 48.5 48.6 48.8
Bangladesh 48.1 48.1 48.2 48.2 48.2
India 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.2
Pakistan 48.1 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.3
Bhutan 48.2 48.2 48.3 48.3 48.3
China 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4
Vanuatu 48.5 48.6 48.6 48.7 48.7
Solomon Islands 48.6 48.6 48.6 48.6 48.6
Afghanistan 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.8 48.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 48.7 48.9 49.0 49.2 49.5
Albania 48.7 48.8 48.9 49.0 49.1
Timor-Leste 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.8 48.8
Papua New Guinea 48.8 48.9 48.9 48.9 48.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 48.9 48.9 48.9 49.0 49.0
Equatorial Guinea 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.0 48.9
New Caledonia 49.0 49.0 49.0 48.9 48.9
Costa Rica 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1
Ghana 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.3 49.4
Suriname 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.3 49.3
Syrian Arab Republic 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Fiji 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Malaysia 49.3 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Cyprus 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.4 49.4
Tonga 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
Panama 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.4 49.4
Sri Lanka 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.7
Paraguay 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Philippines 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Algeria 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Dominican Republic 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.6
Guatemala 49.5 49.6 49.7 49.8 50.0
Nigeria 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Venezuela, RB 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Belize 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Iraq 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Singapore 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Cuba 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Macedonia, FYR 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8
Tunisia 49.7 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Gambia, The 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8
Djibouti 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Ecuador 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Iceland 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Sudan 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Peru 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Honduras 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Korea, Rep. 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Nepal 50.0 49.8 49.5 49.0 48.5
Indonesia 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Comoros 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 49.9
Lao PDR 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1
Israel 50.0 50.1 50.2 50.3 50.4
Madagascar 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Seychelles 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.0
Nicaragua 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.2
Morocco 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Australia 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.2
Ethiopia 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Mauritania 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Mauritius 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Congo, Rep. 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Kenya 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Ireland 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3 50.3
Trinidad and Tobago 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Senegal 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3
Liberia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3
Zimbabwe 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3
Uganda 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Mexico 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.8 51.0
South Sudan 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Brazil 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4
Kiribati 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.1 50.1
Cameroon 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Tajikistan 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.1
Montenegro 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5
Colombia 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Chad 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3
Bahamas, The 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Zambia 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.1 50.0
Canada 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Eritrea 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Thailand 50.4 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.3
Bolivia 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
South Africa 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6
Guinea-Bissau 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Somalia 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Tanzania 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50.5 50.6 50.7 50.9 51.1
Uzbekistan 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4
Mali 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5
Guinea 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Norway 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Netherlands 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Sweden 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Chile 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Togo 50.6 50.7 50.8 50.9 51.0
Malta 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5
Sierra Leone 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Bulgaria 50.6 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.9
Mongolia 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Turkey 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Sao Tome and Principe 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Yemen, Rep. 50.7 50.5 50.3 50.0 49.7
Botswana 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6
Lebanon 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.5
Haiti 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6
Denmark 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Turkmenistan 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6
New Zealand 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
Rwanda 50.7 50.8 50.8 51.0 51.1
Romania 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.9
Greece 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Grenada 50.8 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.5
Angola 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Aruba 50.8 50.7 50.6 50.5 50.5
Jamaica 50.8 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8
Vietnam 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Guyana 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.7 50.6
Niger 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.7
St. Lucia 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 51.0
Malawi 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
Argentina 50.9 50.9 50.9 51.0 51.0
Central African Republic 50.9 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Japan 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Burundi 51.0 50.9 50.9 51.0 51.0
Spain 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.1
Azerbaijan 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Gabon 51.1 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.9
Myanmar 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Belgium 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Slovak Republic 51.1 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.3
Luxembourg 51.1 51.1 51.0 51.0 51.0
Burkina Faso 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Kyrgyz Republic 51.2 51.1 51.0 51.0 50.9
Namibia 51.2 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.0
Macao SAR, China 51.2 51.3 51.4 51.5 51.5
Switzerland 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Poland 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
United States 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.2
El Salvador 51.3 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.5
Armenia 51.4 51.5 51.7 51.9 52.1
United Kingdom 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Uruguay 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Italy 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Slovenia 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.6 51.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 51.5 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3
Czech Republic 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.4 51.4
Puerto Rico 51.5 51.6 51.6 51.7 51.7
France 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Finland 51.5 51.5 51.4 51.4 51.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 51.5 51.6 51.6 51.7 51.8
Croatia 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.6 51.6
Kazakhstan 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
Lesotho 51.6 51.4 51.2 51.1 51.0
Benin 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.4 51.3
Antigua and Barbuda 51.8 51.8 51.7 51.6 51.4
Cambodia 51.8 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.6
Portugal 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Curacao 51.9 52.0 52.1 52.3 52.4
Hungary 51.9 52.0 52.0 52.1 52.1
Germany 51.9 51.8 51.7 51.6 51.5
Barbados 52.0 51.9 51.8 51.6 51.4
Mozambique 52.0 52.2 52.3 52.3 52.3
Austria 52.3 52.2 52.1 52.0 51.9
Cabo Verde 52.3 52.2 52.1 52.1 52.0
Moldova 52.4 52.3 52.3 52.3 52.3
Georgia 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.5
Lithuania 52.7 52.7 52.7 52.7 52.8
Swaziland 52.9 52.8 52.7 52.5 52.3
Belarus 53.2 53.1 53.1 53.1 53.1
Estonia 53.2 53.2 53.3 53.4 53.5
Russian Federation 53.3 53.2 53.2 53.2 53.2
Latvia 53.5 53.5 53.5 53.6 53.7
Ukraine 53.7 53.7 53.6 53.6 53.5
St. Kitts and Nevis
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
Greenland
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Serbia 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.7
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Kosovo
Liechtenstein
San Marino
Dominica
Andorra
Isle of Man
Palau
West Bank and Gaza 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa

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