Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Qatar 32.9 33.0 33.2 33.3 33.5
United Arab Emirates 34.7 34.4 34.2 34.0 33.9
Oman 44.9 44.3 43.4 42.4 41.4
Bahrain 42.4 42.3 42.2 42.2 42.2
Kuwait 46.5 46.7 46.2 45.2 43.7
Saudi Arabia 44.2 44.0 43.9 43.8 43.8
Brunei Darussalam 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.2 47.2
Guam 46.6 46.7 46.8 47.0 47.3
Libya 47.1 47.2 47.3 47.4 47.4
Jordan 47.4 47.5 47.5 47.5 47.4
Samoa 47.8 47.8 47.8 47.9 47.9
French Polynesia 48.0 48.0 48.1 48.0 48.0
Cote d'Ivoire 47.9 48.0 48.0 48.0 48.1
India 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.2
Bangladesh 48.1 48.1 48.2 48.2 48.2
Pakistan 48.1 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.3
Bhutan 48.2 48.2 48.3 48.3 48.3
China 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4
Nepal 50.0 49.8 49.5 49.0 48.5
Solomon Islands 48.6 48.6 48.6 48.6 48.6
Vanuatu 48.5 48.6 48.6 48.7 48.7
Maldives 48.1 48.3 48.5 48.6 48.8
Timor-Leste 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.8 48.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8
Afghanistan 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.8 48.8
New Caledonia 49.0 49.0 49.0 48.9 48.9
Equatorial Guinea 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.0 48.9
Papua New Guinea 48.8 48.9 48.9 48.9 48.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 48.9 48.9 48.9 49.0 49.0
Albania 48.7 48.8 48.9 49.0 49.1
Costa Rica 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1
Syrian Arab Republic 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Fiji 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Malaysia 49.3 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Suriname 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.3 49.3
Tonga 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
Ghana 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.3 49.4
West Bank and Gaza 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Panama 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.4 49.4
Cyprus 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.4 49.4
Paraguay 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 48.7 48.9 49.0 49.2 49.5
Nigeria 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Algeria 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Philippines 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Iraq 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Dominican Republic 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.6
Belize 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Venezuela, RB 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Tunisia 49.7 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Cuba 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Sri Lanka 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.7
Singapore 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Yemen, Rep. 50.7 50.5 50.3 50.0 49.7
Djibouti 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Ecuador 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Sudan 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Gambia, The 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8
Peru 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Iceland 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Macedonia, FYR 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8
Honduras 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Korea, Rep. 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Comoros 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 49.9
Indonesia 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Guatemala 49.5 49.6 49.7 49.8 50.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.1 50.0
Seychelles 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.0
Kiribati 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.1 50.1
Lao PDR 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1
Mauritius 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Mauritania 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Ethiopia 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Tajikistan 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.1
Madagascar 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Morocco 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Congo, Rep. 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Nicaragua 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.2
Australia 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.2
Kenya 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Trinidad and Tobago 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Uganda 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Liberia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3
Senegal 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3
South Sudan 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Cameroon 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Chad 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3
Zimbabwe 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3
Ireland 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3 50.3
Zambia 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.3
Thailand 50.4 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.3
Bolivia 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Brazil 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4
Uzbekistan 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4
Israel 50.0 50.1 50.2 50.3 50.4
Tanzania 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4
Bahamas, The 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Malta 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5
Guinea 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Montenegro 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5
Somalia 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Canada 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Mali 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5
Lebanon 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.5
Colombia 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Guinea-Bissau 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Aruba 50.8 50.7 50.6 50.5 50.5
Grenada 50.8 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.5
Eritrea 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Botswana 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Mongolia 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Chile 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Netherlands 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6
Norway 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Sweden 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Sierra Leone 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Guyana 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.7 50.6
Haiti 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6
Turkmenistan 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6
South Africa 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6
Denmark 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Sao Tome and Principe 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Serbia 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.7
Greece 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Malawi 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
Niger 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.7
Turkey 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
New Zealand 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
Vietnam 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Angola 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Jamaica 50.8 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8
Romania 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.9
Bulgaria 50.6 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.9
Kyrgyz Republic 51.2 51.1 51.0 51.0 50.9
Gabon 51.1 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.9
St. Lucia 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 51.0
Luxembourg 51.1 51.1 51.0 51.0 51.0
Argentina 50.9 50.9 50.9 51.0 51.0
Central African Republic 50.9 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Japan 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Togo 50.6 50.7 50.8 50.9 51.0
Burundi 51.0 50.9 50.9 51.0 51.0
Azerbaijan 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Lesotho 51.6 51.4 51.2 51.1 51.0
Namibia 51.2 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.0
Mexico 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.8 51.0
Spain 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.1
Burkina Faso 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Myanmar 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Belgium 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50.5 50.6 50.7 50.9 51.1
Rwanda 50.7 50.8 50.8 51.0 51.1
United States 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.2
Switzerland 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Slovak Republic 51.1 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.3
Benin 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.4 51.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 51.5 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3
Poland 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
Finland 51.5 51.5 51.4 51.4 51.4
United Kingdom 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Barbados 52.0 51.9 51.8 51.6 51.4
Czech Republic 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.4 51.4
Antigua and Barbuda 51.8 51.8 51.7 51.6 51.4
El Salvador 51.3 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.5
Germany 51.9 51.8 51.7 51.6 51.5
Macao SAR, China 51.2 51.3 51.4 51.5 51.5
Italy 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
France 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Uruguay 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Cambodia 51.8 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.6
Slovenia 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.6 51.6
Kazakhstan 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
Croatia 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.6 51.6
Puerto Rico 51.5 51.6 51.6 51.7 51.7
Portugal 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 51.5 51.6 51.6 51.7 51.8
Austria 52.3 52.2 52.1 52.0 51.9
Cabo Verde 52.3 52.2 52.1 52.1 52.0
Armenia 51.4 51.5 51.7 51.9 52.1
Hungary 51.9 52.0 52.0 52.1 52.1
Moldova 52.4 52.3 52.3 52.3 52.3
Swaziland 52.9 52.8 52.7 52.5 52.3
Mozambique 52.0 52.2 52.3 52.3 52.3
Curacao 51.9 52.0 52.1 52.3 52.4
Georgia 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.5
Lithuania 52.7 52.7 52.7 52.7 52.8
Belarus 53.2 53.1 53.1 53.1 53.1
Russian Federation 53.3 53.2 53.2 53.2 53.2
Estonia 53.2 53.2 53.3 53.4 53.5
Ukraine 53.7 53.7 53.6 53.6 53.5
Latvia 53.5 53.5 53.5 53.6 53.7
St. Kitts and Nevis
Andorra
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Dominica
Tuvalu
Monaco
Isle of Man
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
Cayman Islands
San Marino
Palau
Kosovo
Bermuda
American Samoa

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