Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
United Arab Emirates 33.7 33.5 33.3 33.0 32.8
Qatar 33.8 34.1 34.3 34.4 34.5
Oman 40.8 40.6 40.9 41.5 42.4
Kuwait 42.1 40.8 40.2 40.2 40.6
Bahrain 42.3 42.4 42.6 42.9 43.0
Saudi Arabia 43.9 44.1 44.5 45.1 45.7
Brunei Darussalam 47.3 47.6 47.9 48.2 48.6
Jordan 47.4 47.5 47.5 47.6 47.7
Libya 47.5 47.6 47.7 47.7 47.9
Guam 47.6 47.9 48.1 48.4 48.6
Samoa 48.0 48.0 48.0 48.0 47.9
French Polynesia 48.0 48.1 48.1 48.2 48.3
Cote d'Ivoire 48.1 48.1 48.2 48.2 48.2
India 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2
Nepal 48.2 48.1 48.3 48.7 49.3
Bangladesh 48.3 48.3 48.3 48.3 48.4
Pakistan 48.3 48.3 48.3 48.3 48.3
China 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4
Bhutan 48.4 48.5 48.6 48.7 48.8
Solomon Islands 48.6 48.6 48.6 48.6 48.6
Vanuatu 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.8 48.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 48.8 48.9 49.0 49.1 49.2
Timor-Leste 48.9 48.9 48.9 49.0 49.0
New Caledonia 48.9 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.1
Afghanistan 48.9 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.1
Maldives 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
Equatorial Guinea 48.9 48.9 48.9 48.9 48.9
Papua New Guinea 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49.1 49.1 49.2 49.2 49.2
Costa Rica 49.1 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Syrian Arab Republic 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Fiji 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Malaysia 49.2 49.2 49.1 49.1 49.0
Albania 49.3 49.4 49.6 49.8 49.9
Tonga 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.2 49.1
Suriname 49.3 49.3 49.4 49.4 49.4
West Bank and Gaza 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
Panama 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Ghana 49.4 49.4 49.5 49.4 49.4
Paraguay 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Yemen, Rep. 49.5 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
Cyprus 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.6
Nigeria 49.5 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.4
Algeria 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Philippines 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Iraq 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Dominican Republic 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.7 49.7
Venezuela, RB 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Belize 49.6 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.8
Tunisia 49.6 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.7
Cuba 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Singapore 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 49.7 50.0 50.3 50.6 50.9
Djibouti 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Sri Lanka 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.9 50.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.8 49.8 49.7 49.7 49.7
Ecuador 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Sudan 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Peru 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Iceland 49.8 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Macedonia, FYR 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.8 49.8
Gambia, The 49.9 50.0 50.1 50.1 50.2
Honduras 49.9 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.0
Korea, Rep. 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.8
Comoros 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Indonesia 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Seychelles 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 50.0 49.9 49.9 49.8 49.7
Kiribati 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1
Tajikistan 50.0 50.0 49.9 49.9 49.9
Mauritania 50.1 50.1 50.0 50.0 50.0
Lao PDR 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Ethiopia 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Mauritius 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.3
Guatemala 50.1 50.3 50.4 50.6 50.7
Madagascar 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Morocco 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3
Congo, Rep. 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.1
Nicaragua 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Kenya 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Trinidad and Tobago 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Uganda 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1
Australia 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3 50.3
Liberia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1
South Sudan 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.2
Cameroon 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.2
Chad 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.2
Senegal 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.6
Thailand 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.6 50.7
Zambia 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2
Zimbabwe 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.3 50.3
Bolivia 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2
Ireland 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Uzbekistan 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Malta 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3
Tanzania 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.3
Brazil 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Guinea 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3
Mali 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.2
Lebanon 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Somalia 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4
Guyana 50.5 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.1
Canada 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Bahamas, The 50.5 50.6 50.7 50.9 51.1
Mongolia 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.3 50.2
Guinea-Bissau 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Montenegro 50.5 50.6 50.7 50.7 50.8
Botswana 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4
Israel 50.5 50.6 50.7 50.7 50.7
Grenada 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.6
Colombia 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Chile 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Netherlands 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Aruba 50.6 50.7 50.8 51.0 51.3
Eritrea 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5
Norway 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5
Sweden 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Sierra Leone 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Niger 50.6 50.5 50.4 50.3 50.2
Haiti 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Malawi 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.4
Turkmenistan 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Denmark 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Greece 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6
Sao Tome and Principe 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8
South Africa 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.9
Serbia 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.8
New Zealand 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8
Turkey 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Vietnam 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Jamaica 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.5
Angola 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7
Kyrgyz Republic 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
Gabon 50.9 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.6
Romania 50.9 50.9 51.0 51.0 51.1
Luxembourg 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8
Bulgaria 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.1 51.2
Argentina 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
St. Lucia 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Central African Republic 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Japan 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Lesotho 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.2 51.4
Namibia 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.9 50.9
Azerbaijan 51.0 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Burkina Faso 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 50.9
Burundi 51.0 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.8
Spain 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Myanmar 51.1 51.1 51.0 51.0 51.0
Belgium 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Togo 51.1 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
United States 51.1 51.1 51.0 51.0 51.0
Switzerland 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Benin 51.2 51.1 51.0 51.0 51.0
Barbados 51.2 51.0 50.8 50.7 50.5
Mexico 51.3 51.4 51.6 51.6 51.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
Slovak Republic 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.4 51.4
Rwanda 51.3 51.4 51.5 51.5 51.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51.3 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.6
Finland 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.2
Poland 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.5
United Kingdom 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.3
Antigua and Barbuda 51.4 51.5 51.8 52.2 52.6
Czech Republic 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Germany 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.3
Cambodia 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.4
El Salvador 51.5 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.7
Macao SAR, China 51.5 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
Italy 51.5 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
France 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
Uruguay 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
Slovenia 51.6 51.5 51.5 51.4 51.3
Kazakhstan 51.6 51.7 51.7 51.8 51.9
Croatia 51.7 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Puerto Rico 51.7 51.7 51.8 51.8 51.8
Austria 51.8 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
Portugal 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Cabo Verde 51.9 51.9 51.8 51.8 51.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 51.9 52.0 52.1 52.1 52.2
Swaziland 52.1 51.9 51.8 51.7 51.7
Hungary 52.2 52.2 52.3 52.3 52.3
Moldova 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.2
Mozambique 52.3 52.3 52.2 52.2 52.1
Armenia 52.4 52.6 52.8 53.0 53.1
Georgia 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.6 52.6
Curacao 52.5 52.6 52.7 52.8 52.9
Lithuania 52.8 52.9 52.9 53.0 53.1
Belarus 53.1 53.2 53.1 53.1 53.1
Russian Federation 53.2 53.2 53.2 53.2 53.2
Ukraine 53.5 53.5 53.5 53.5 53.5
Estonia 53.6 53.7 53.8 53.8 53.9
Latvia 53.8 53.9 53.9 54.0 54.0
Andorra
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
San Marino
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
St. Kitts and Nevis
Dominica
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Marshall Islands
Palau
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
Kosovo
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa

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