Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
United Arab Emirates 33.2 33.1 32.9 32.6 32.3
Qatar 34.3 34.5 34.6 34.7 35.0
Kuwait 40.9 40.8 41.0 41.2 41.3
Oman 41.0 41.6 42.5 43.3 44.0
Bahrain 42.6 42.8 43.0 43.0 42.8
Saudi Arabia 44.4 44.6 44.8 44.9 44.9
Jordan 47.5 47.6 47.7 47.8 47.9
Libya 47.7 47.7 47.7 47.8 47.8
Brunei Darussalam 47.9 48.3 48.7 49.0 49.2
Samoa 48.0 48.0 47.9 47.9 47.9
French Polynesia 48.1 48.2 48.3 48.4 48.5
Guam 48.1 48.4 48.6 48.7 48.9
Cote d'Ivoire 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.3 48.3
India 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2
Afghanistan 48.3 48.3 48.4 48.5 48.5
Pakistan 48.3 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4
Bhutan 48.6 48.7 48.8 48.7 48.6
Solomon Islands 48.6 48.6 48.6 48.6 48.6
China 48.6 48.6 48.6 48.6 48.6
Vanuatu 48.7 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.9
Equatorial Guinea 48.9 48.9 48.8 48.8 48.8
Bangladesh 48.9 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.0
New Caledonia 49.0 49.0 49.1 49.2 49.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 49.0 49.1 49.2 49.3 49.4
Papua New Guinea 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
Malaysia 49.2 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1
Fiji 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Syrian Arab Republic 49.2 49.2 49.3 49.3 49.2
Yemen, Rep. 49.2 49.3 49.3 49.4 49.4
Tonga 49.3 49.2 49.1 49.1 49.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49.3 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.3
West Bank and Gaza 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
Suriname 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.4 49.4
Algeria 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
Maldives 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Paraguay 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Timor-Leste 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.3 49.3
Nigeria 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Ghana 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.5 49.5
Iraq 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Cyprus 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Panama 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Philippines 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Nepal 49.6 49.7 49.9 50.1 50.3
Belize 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.7
Tunisia 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8
Cuba 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8
Venezuela, RB 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8
Singapore 49.7 49.8 49.9 50.0 50.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Djibouti 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Costa Rica 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8
Comoros 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Sudan 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Dominican Republic 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.9 49.9
Ecuador 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.9 49.9
Sri Lanka 49.8 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.1
Bolivia 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 49.9 49.8 49.7 49.7 49.6
Iceland 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Korea, Rep. 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.8 49.8
Macedonia, FYR 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Honduras 49.9 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.0
Tajikistan 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Seychelles 50.0 50.0 50.1 50.1 50.2
Indonesia 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Peru 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Mauritania 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 49.9
Gambia, The 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.3 50.3
Congo, Rep. 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Ethiopia 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Lao PDR 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Madagascar 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1
Kenya 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1
Mauritius 50.2 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4
Liberia 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.0
Trinidad and Tobago 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3
Australia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1
South Sudan 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 50.2 50.5 50.8 51.1 51.3
Cameroon 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Chad 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Mali 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1
Morocco 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.4
Thailand 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.5
Zimbabwe 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2
Ireland 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Eritrea 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Uganda 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Mexico 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Tanzania 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2
Guinea 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2
Uzbekistan 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5
Niger 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.1 50.0
Mongolia 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.1
Montenegro 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.6
Botswana 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.2
Zambia 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.3
Sao Tome and Principe 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Senegal 50.4 50.5 50.6 50.7 50.8
Lebanon 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4
Somalia 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Jamaica 50.5 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3
Kiribati 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.7 50.7
Nicaragua 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4
Colombia 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Malawi 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4
Canada 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Netherlands 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Brazil 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6
Grenada 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Norway 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Greece 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.6 50.6
Sweden 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Denmark 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.5
Turkmenistan 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Sierra Leone 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Malta 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5
Guinea-Bissau 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Guyana 50.7 50.4 50.2 50.0 50.0
Haiti 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Israel 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Chile 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Gabon 50.7 50.6 50.5 50.4 50.4
Vietnam 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Bahamas, The 50.7 50.9 51.1 51.2 51.3
Albania 50.7 50.5 50.1 49.7 49.5
New Zealand 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.9 50.9
South Africa 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Serbia 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.9 50.9
Kyrgyz Republic 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Angola 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Turkey 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
United States 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Aruba 50.8 51.0 51.3 51.5 51.7
Guatemala 50.8 50.9 51.0 51.1 51.1
Luxembourg 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7
Central African Republic 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
Romania 50.9 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.1
Namibia 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.9
Burkina Faso 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.9 50.9
Japan 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.1
Burundi 51.0 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.7
St. Lucia 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
France 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.1
Myanmar 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.1 51.1
Argentina 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.1 51.1
Spain 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 50.9
Benin 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Lesotho 51.1 51.2 51.4 51.5 51.5
Azerbaijan 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.1
Bulgaria 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.2 51.3
Belgium 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Switzerland 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1
Togo 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1
Germany 51.2 51.2 51.1 51.1 51.1
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
Finland 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.2
Slovak Republic 51.3 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
United Kingdom 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.3
Czech Republic 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Cambodia 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Italy 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Poland 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Slovenia 51.5 51.4 51.3 51.2 51.2
El Salvador 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8 51.8
Uruguay 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
Macao SAR, China 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.7
Austria 51.7 51.6 51.5 51.5 51.5
Croatia 51.7 51.7 51.8 51.8 51.9
Kazakhstan 51.8 51.8 51.9 52.0 52.1
Puerto Rico 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.9
Antigua and Barbuda 51.8 52.2 52.6 52.9 53.1
Swaziland 51.8 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.6
Portugal 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Cabo Verde 51.9 51.9 51.8 51.8 51.7
Barbados 51.9 51.9 51.9 51.9 52.0
Rwanda 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.0 52.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 52.1 52.1 52.2 52.2 52.2
Moldova 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.1
Mozambique 52.2 52.2 52.1 52.1 52.0
Hungary 52.3 52.3 52.3 52.4 52.4
Georgia 52.5 52.6 52.6 52.6 52.7
Curacao 52.7 52.8 52.9 53.0 53.0
Armenia 52.8 53.0 53.1 53.1 53.0
Lithuania 52.9 53.0 53.1 53.1 53.2
Belarus 53.1 53.1 53.1 53.0 53.0
Russian Federation 53.1 53.1 53.1 53.2 53.2
Ukraine 53.4 53.4 53.4 53.4 53.5
Estonia 53.7 53.6 53.5 53.4 53.4
Latvia 53.9 54.0 54.0 54.0 54.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Palau
Andorra
Cayman Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Monaco
San Marino
Marshall Islands
Faroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
Dominica
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein
St. Martin (French part)
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands

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