Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
United Arab Emirates 33.5 33.3 33.0 32.8 32.6
Qatar 34.1 34.3 34.4 34.5 34.7
Kuwait 40.8 40.2 40.2 40.6 40.9
Oman 40.6 40.9 41.5 42.4 43.3
Bahrain 42.4 42.6 42.9 43.0 43.1
Saudi Arabia 44.1 44.5 45.1 45.7 46.1
Jordan 47.5 47.5 47.6 47.7 47.8
Libya 47.6 47.7 47.7 47.9 48.0
Samoa 48.0 48.0 48.0 47.9 47.9
India 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2
Cote d'Ivoire 48.1 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.3
French Polynesia 48.1 48.1 48.2 48.3 48.4
Pakistan 48.3 48.3 48.3 48.3 48.4
Bangladesh 48.3 48.3 48.3 48.4 48.4
China 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4
Guam 47.9 48.1 48.4 48.6 48.7
Solomon Islands 48.6 48.6 48.6 48.6 48.6
Brunei Darussalam 47.6 47.9 48.2 48.6 49.0
Bhutan 48.5 48.6 48.7 48.8 48.7
Vanuatu 48.7 48.7 48.8 48.8 48.8
Equatorial Guinea 48.9 48.9 48.9 48.9 48.8
Timor-Leste 48.9 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.0
Papua New Guinea 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
Maldives 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
Malaysia 49.2 49.1 49.1 49.0 49.1
Afghanistan 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.1 49.1
Tonga 49.3 49.3 49.2 49.1 49.1
New Caledonia 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.1 49.2
Costa Rica 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 48.9 49.0 49.1 49.2 49.3
Fiji 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49.1 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Syrian Arab Republic 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Nepal 48.1 48.3 48.7 49.3 49.8
West Bank and Gaza 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
Yemen, Rep. 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.4
Suriname 49.3 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Panama 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Paraguay 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Nigeria 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Ghana 49.4 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.5
Iraq 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Algeria 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Cyprus 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Philippines 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Venezuela, RB 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.7
Dominican Republic 49.6 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.8 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Djibouti 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Tunisia 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8
Cuba 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 49.9 49.9 49.8 49.7 49.7
Belize 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8
Macedonia, FYR 49.9 49.9 49.8 49.8 49.7
Sudan 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Ecuador 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Peru 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Korea, Rep. 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.8 49.8
Singapore 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.9 50.0
Comoros 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Tajikistan 50.0 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Albania 49.4 49.6 49.8 49.9 50.0
Iceland 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Mauritania 50.1 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Sri Lanka 49.8 49.8 49.9 50.0 50.1
Honduras 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Indonesia 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Seychelles 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1 50.2
Ethiopia 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Lao PDR 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Kiribati 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1 50.2
Liberia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1
Uganda 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.1
Congo, Rep. 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Guyana 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.1 50.1
Kenya 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Madagascar 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Nicaragua 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Niger 50.5 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.1
Chad 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
South Sudan 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Cameroon 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Gambia, The 50.0 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.3
Mongolia 50.5 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.2
Trinidad and Tobago 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Mali 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2
Zambia 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2
Bolivia 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2
Morocco 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3
Uzbekistan 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Guinea 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.2
Mauritius 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.4
Malta 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3
Tanzania 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3
Australia 50.2 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.4
Zimbabwe 50.3 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3
Ireland 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.3
Somalia 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Botswana 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4
Malawi 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4
Barbados 51.0 50.8 50.7 50.5 50.3
Eritrea 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5
Canada 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Guinea-Bissau 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Brazil 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Norway 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5
Lebanon 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.5
Jamaica 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.5 50.5
Chile 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Netherlands 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Denmark 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Grenada 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6
Haiti 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Gabon 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.5
Sweden 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Senegal 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.6 50.7
Turkmenistan 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Colombia 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Greece 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Sierra Leone 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Guatemala 50.3 50.4 50.6 50.7 50.8
Thailand 50.3 50.4 50.6 50.7 50.8
Kyrgyz Republic 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Israel 50.6 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Angola 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
Vietnam 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Montenegro 50.6 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8
Turkey 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Luxembourg 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8
Serbia 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Sao Tome and Principe 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.8
New Zealand 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.9
Burundi 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.8 50.7
Namibia 51.0 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 50.0 50.3 50.6 50.9 51.1
South Africa 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.9 50.9
Burkina Faso 51.0 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.9
Central African Republic 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 50.9
United States 51.1 51.0 51.0 51.0 50.9
Argentina 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Myanmar 51.1 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
St. Lucia 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Benin 51.1 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Japan 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.1
Bahamas, The 50.6 50.7 50.9 51.1 51.2
Spain 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Romania 50.9 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.1
Belgium 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Azerbaijan 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.2
Switzerland 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Togo 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Bulgaria 51.0 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.2
Finland 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
Germany 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.2
Aruba 50.7 50.8 51.0 51.3 51.5
Slovenia 51.5 51.5 51.4 51.3 51.2
United Kingdom 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3
Lesotho 51.0 51.1 51.2 51.4 51.5
Czech Republic 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.3
Slovak Republic 51.3 51.3 51.4 51.4 51.4
Cambodia 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.4 51.4
Poland 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.5 51.5
Rwanda 51.4 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
France 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
Uruguay 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
Italy 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
Mexico 51.4 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
Macao SAR, China 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.6 51.6
El Salvador 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.7 51.7
Austria 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
Swaziland 51.9 51.8 51.7 51.7 51.6
Cabo Verde 51.9 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.7
Portugal 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Puerto Rico 51.7 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Croatia 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Kazakhstan 51.7 51.7 51.8 51.9 52.0
Mozambique 52.3 52.2 52.2 52.1 52.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 52.0 52.1 52.1 52.2 52.2
Moldova 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.2
Hungary 52.2 52.3 52.3 52.3 52.4
Georgia 52.5 52.5 52.6 52.6 52.6
Antigua and Barbuda 51.5 51.8 52.2 52.6 52.9
Curacao 52.6 52.7 52.8 52.9 53.0
Lithuania 52.9 52.9 53.0 53.1 53.1
Armenia 52.6 52.8 53.0 53.1 53.1
Belarus 53.2 53.1 53.1 53.1 53.1
Russian Federation 53.2 53.2 53.2 53.2 53.3
Ukraine 53.5 53.5 53.5 53.5 53.6
Estonia 53.7 53.8 53.8 53.9 53.9
Latvia 53.9 53.9 54.0 54.0 54.0
Marshall Islands
Greenland
Monaco
Faeroe Islands
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man
Tuvalu
Dominica
Kosovo
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Andorra
St. Kitts and Nevis
Palau
Cayman Islands
American Samoa

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