Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
United Arab Emirates 32.6 32.5 32.6 32.7 32.8
Qatar 34.7 34.9 35.4 36.0 36.1
Kuwait 40.9 41.1 41.1 41.0 40.8
Bahrain 43.1 43.0 42.6 42.2 41.6
Oman 43.3 44.0 44.4 44.5 44.4
Saudi Arabia 46.1 46.2 46.0 45.6 45.1
Bhutan 48.7 48.6 48.3 47.9 47.4
Samoa 47.9 47.9 48.0 48.0 48.1
India 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2
China 48.4 48.3 48.3 48.3 48.3
Libya 48.0 48.1 48.2 48.3 48.4
Jordan 47.8 47.9 48.1 48.2 48.4
Pakistan 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4
Cote d'Ivoire 48.3 48.3 48.4 48.4 48.5
Bangladesh 48.4 48.4 48.5 48.5 48.5
French Polynesia 48.4 48.5 48.6 48.6 48.7
Equatorial Guinea 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.7
Solomon Islands 48.6 48.6 48.7 48.7 48.8
Syrian Arab Republic 49.2 49.2 49.1 49.0 48.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49.2 49.2 49.1 49.0 48.9
Vanuatu 48.8 48.9 48.9 48.9 48.9
Guam 48.7 48.9 48.9 49.0 49.0
Papua New Guinea 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
Timor-Leste 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
Afghanistan 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.0
Fiji 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.1 49.1
Costa Rica 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Maldives 49.0 49.0 49.1 49.2 49.3
West Bank and Gaza 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
Brunei Darussalam 49.0 49.2 49.3 49.3 49.3
Nigeria 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.3 49.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 49.3 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.3
Iraq 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Paraguay 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Panama 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Algeria 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Yemen, Rep. 49.4 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 49.7 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.5
Cyprus 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.5
Tonga 49.1 49.1 49.2 49.4 49.6
Lebanon 50.5 50.4 50.2 49.9 49.6
New Caledonia 49.2 49.4 49.5 49.6 49.7
Suriname 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.7
Philippines 49.6 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Venezuela, RB 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Cuba 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.7
Djibouti 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Macedonia, FYR 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8
Dominican Republic 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8
Tajikistan 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.8 49.8
Comoros 49.9 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Ghana 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.7 49.8
Iceland 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.8
Mauritania 50.0 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.8
Sudan 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Malaysia 49.1 49.2 49.3 49.6 49.8
Peru 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Guyana 50.1 50.0 49.9 49.9 49.9
Ecuador 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.9 49.9
Indonesia 50.0 50.0 50.0 49.9 49.9
Niger 50.1 50.0 50.0 49.9 49.9
Belize 49.8 49.8 49.9 49.9 49.9
Liberia 50.1 50.0 50.0 50.0 49.9
Mali 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.0 50.0
Albania 50.0 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.0
Tunisia 49.8 49.8 49.9 49.9 50.0
Korea, Rep. 49.8 49.8 49.9 49.9 50.0
Uganda 50.1 50.1 50.0 50.0 50.0
Ethiopia 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.0 50.0
Congo, Rep. 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Guinea 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1
Chad 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1
Honduras 50.0 50.0 50.1 50.1 50.1
Kenya 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1
Ireland 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.1
Cameroon 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1
South Sudan 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1
Barbados 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.2
Zambia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Mongolia 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.2
Tanzania 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.2
Gabon 50.5 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.2
Madagascar 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Bolivia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Uzbekistan 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Malawi 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.2
Seychelles 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Singapore 50.0 50.0 50.1 50.2 50.2
Nicaragua 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3
Sri Lanka 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.3
Botswana 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3
Kiribati 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3 50.3
Malta 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Somalia 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Trinidad and Tobago 50.2 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.4
Eritrea 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Australia 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Guinea-Bissau 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4
Lao PDR 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.3 50.4
Grenada 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.4
Gambia, The 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.4
Zimbabwe 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Canada 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Nepal 49.8 50.2 50.4 50.5 50.5
Mauritius 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Norway 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Sweden 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5
Denmark 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Morocco 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.5
Chile 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Netherlands 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Burundi 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.5
Haiti 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5
Kyrgyz Republic 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6
Sierra Leone 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Angola 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6
Brazil 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Turkmenistan 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.7
Jamaica 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.7
Greece 50.6 50.6 50.7 50.7 50.7
Israel 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Benin 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.8 50.7
Colombia 50.6 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Luxembourg 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Burkina Faso 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8
Vietnam 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Turkey 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Montenegro 50.8 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8
Sao Tome and Principe 50.8 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8
United States 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
Spain 51.1 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.9
Central African Republic 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
Senegal 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.9 50.9
Azerbaijan 51.2 51.1 51.1 51.0 50.9
Thailand 50.8 50.9 51.0 51.0 51.0
New Zealand 50.9 50.9 50.9 51.0 51.0
Serbia 50.8 50.9 50.9 51.0 51.0
Togo 51.2 51.1 51.1 51.0 51.0
Namibia 50.8 50.9 50.9 50.9 51.0
Argentina 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.1
St. Lucia 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.1
Belgium 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Switzerland 51.2 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Guatemala 50.8 50.9 51.0 51.1 51.1
Finland 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1 51.1
United Kingdom 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.1
Slovenia 51.2 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Germany 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Myanmar 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.2
Japan 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.2
South Africa 50.9 51.0 51.1 51.1 51.2
Romania 51.1 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2
Bahamas, The 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
Cabo Verde 51.7 51.6 51.5 51.4 51.3
Swaziland 51.6 51.6 51.5 51.4 51.3
Bulgaria 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
Czech Republic 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51.6 51.5 51.5 51.4 51.4
Rwanda 51.5 51.5 51.4 51.4 51.4
Lesotho 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.4
Cambodia 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.5
Slovak Republic 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.5 51.5
Italy 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.5 51.5
Austria 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.6 51.5
Poland 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.6 51.6
France 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.7
Portugal 51.8 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
Uruguay 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.7 51.7
Mozambique 52.0 51.9 51.8 51.8 51.7
Mexico 51.6 51.6 51.7 51.7 51.8
Croatia 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 51.1 51.4 51.6 51.8 51.9
Macao SAR, China 51.6 51.7 51.8 51.9 52.0
Puerto Rico 51.8 51.9 51.9 51.9 52.0
Armenia 53.1 53.0 52.8 52.4 52.0
Kazakhstan 52.0 52.0 52.1 52.0 52.0
El Salvador 51.7 51.8 51.9 51.9 52.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.2
Aruba 51.5 51.7 51.9 52.1 52.3
Moldova 52.2 52.3 52.3 52.3 52.4
Hungary 52.4 52.4 52.4 52.5 52.5
Antigua and Barbuda 52.9 53.1 53.1 52.9 52.7
Georgia 52.6 52.7 52.7 52.7 52.8
Curacao 53.0 53.0 53.1 53.1 53.0
Belarus 53.1 53.1 53.1 53.2 53.2
Lithuania 53.1 53.2 53.3 53.3 53.4
Russian Federation 53.3 53.3 53.4 53.4 53.5
Ukraine 53.6 53.6 53.6 53.6 53.7
Estonia 53.9 53.9 53.9 53.9 53.9
Latvia 54.0 54.0 54.0 54.1 54.1
Isle of Man
Palau
Monaco
Marshall Islands
Bermuda
Faeroe Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
Kosovo
St. Kitts and Nevis
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Andorra
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
Dominica
Tuvalu

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