Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
United Arab Emirates 32.5 32.0 31.2 30.5 29.9
Qatar 35.2 33.4 30.9 28.5 26.5
Kuwait 40.6 40.5 40.4 40.3 40.3
Bahrain 41.0 40.3 39.6 38.9 38.3
Oman 44.3 44.1 43.9 43.7 43.4
Saudi Arabia 44.6 44.3 44.0 43.9 43.8
Bhutan 47.0 46.7 46.5 46.4 46.4
Samoa 48.1 48.2 48.3 48.3 48.4
India 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2
China 48.3 48.3 48.3 48.3 48.2
Libya 48.5 48.6 48.6 48.7 48.8
Pakistan 48.5 48.5 48.5 48.6 48.6
Jordan 48.5 48.7 48.8 48.8 48.8
Cote d'Ivoire 48.6 48.6 48.7 48.8 48.8
Bangladesh 48.6 48.7 48.8 48.9 49.0
French Polynesia 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.7
Equatorial Guinea 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.7
Syrian Arab Republic 48.8 48.7 48.8 48.8 48.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 48.8 48.8 48.9 49.0 49.1
Solomon Islands 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.1 49.2
Vanuatu 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.1 49.1
Papua New Guinea 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
Guam 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.1 49.1
Afghanistan 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.1 49.1
Timor-Leste 49.0 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1
Fiji 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 48.9
Costa Rica 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 49.2 49.2 49.1 49.1 49.0
West Bank and Gaza 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
Brunei Darussalam 49.3 49.2 49.2 49.3 49.3
Nigeria 49.3 49.3 49.2 49.2 49.2
Maldives 49.3 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.5
Lebanon 49.4 49.2 49.1 49.0 49.0
Iraq 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Panama 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.5
Paraguay 49.4 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.5
Algeria 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.4
Cyprus 49.5 49.4 49.3 49.2 49.1
Yemen, Rep. 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Philippines 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8
New Caledonia 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.6 49.4
Venezuela, RB 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8
Cuba 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Tonga 49.7 49.9 49.9 50.0 49.9
Djibouti 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8
Suriname 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Iceland 49.8 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Tajikistan 49.8 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Comoros 49.8 49.8 49.7 49.7 49.7
Mauritania 49.8 49.8 49.7 49.7 49.7
Dominican Republic 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.9 49.9
Guyana 49.8 49.7 49.6 49.5 49.4
Macedonia, FYR 49.8 49.8 49.9 49.9 49.9
Sudan 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Indonesia 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.7 49.7
Peru 49.8 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Niger 49.9 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.7
Ecuador 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Liberia 49.9 49.9 49.8 49.8 49.8
Albania 49.9 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Ghana 49.9 50.0 50.2 50.3 50.4
Belize 49.9 49.9 49.9 50.0 50.0
Mali 49.9 49.9 49.8 49.8 49.7
Uganda 50.0 50.0 49.9 49.9 49.9
Ethiopia 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Guinea 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Tunisia 50.0 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.2
Congo, Rep. 50.1 50.1 50.0 50.0 50.0
Korea, Rep. 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.2
Chad 50.1 50.1 50.0 50.0 50.0
Ireland 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.3
Kenya 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Honduras 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Cameroon 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Malaysia 50.1 50.4 50.7 50.9 51.1
South Sudan 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Gabon 50.1 50.1 50.0 50.0 49.9
Tanzania 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Zambia 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Barbados 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1
Seychelles 50.2 50.0 49.9 49.6 49.3
Malawi 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.0
Madagascar 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Mongolia 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3 50.3
Bolivia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Uzbekistan 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Botswana 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.0
Kiribati 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Singapore 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.6
Nicaragua 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.5
Malta 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.1
Sri Lanka 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.6 50.7
Eritrea 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2
Guinea-Bissau 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Somalia 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Grenada 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3
Australia 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Trinidad and Tobago 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Gambia, The 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Canada 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Norway 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.2
Sweden 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3
Nepal 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.8 50.9
Lao PDR 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4
Zimbabwe 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.7
Mauritius 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Denmark 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4
Chile 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Burundi 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.6
Netherlands 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Haiti 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Kyrgyz Republic 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Morocco 50.6 50.6 50.7 50.8 50.8
Sierra Leone 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5
Angola 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5
Benin 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.3
Brazil 50.6 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Turkmenistan 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Israel 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6
Greece 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Luxembourg 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.5 50.5
Burkina Faso 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.5
Colombia 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8
Jamaica 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Vietnam 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Montenegro 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Sao Tome and Principe 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
Spain 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Azerbaijan 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.5
Turkey 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.9 50.9
United States 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8
Central African Republic 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8
Senegal 50.9 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Thailand 51.0 50.9 50.9 50.9 51.0
Togo 51.0 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8
New Zealand 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 50.9
Serbia 51.0 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Argentina 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
St. Lucia 51.1 51.1 51.0 51.0 50.9
Belgium 51.1 51.1 51.0 51.0 51.0
Switzerland 51.1 51.1 51.0 50.9 50.9
Finland 51.1 51.1 51.0 51.0 51.0
United Kingdom 51.1 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.9
Namibia 51.1 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.4
Germany 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Slovenia 51.1 51.1 51.0 50.8 50.7
Cabo Verde 51.1 51.0 50.9 50.8 50.6
Guatemala 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.3 51.3
Japan 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Swaziland 51.2 51.1 51.1 51.0 50.9
Romania 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Myanmar 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.4 51.4
Bahamas, The 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1
South Africa 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.4 51.4
Czech Republic 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.1 51.0
Bulgaria 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
Lesotho 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.1 51.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2
Rwanda 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
Cambodia 51.5 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.3
Austria 51.5 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.3
Italy 51.5 51.5 51.4 51.5 51.5
Slovak Republic 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.4 51.4
Armenia 51.5 51.0 50.4 49.9 49.3
Poland 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.7 51.7
Portugal 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
Mozambique 51.7 51.6 51.5 51.5 51.4
France 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
Uruguay 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.8 51.7
Mexico 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.7
Croatia 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Kazakhstan 52.0 51.9 51.9 51.9 51.8
Puerto Rico 52.0 52.0 52.0 52.0 52.0
Macao SAR, China 52.0 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.1
El Salvador 52.1 52.2 52.3 52.3 52.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 52.1 52.3 52.5 52.7 52.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.2
Aruba 52.4 52.4 52.5 52.4 52.4
Antigua and Barbuda 52.4 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.2
Moldova 52.4 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.5
Hungary 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.5
Georgia 52.8 52.8 52.8 52.9 52.9
Curacao 53.1 53.2 53.3 53.5 53.7
Belarus 53.3 53.4 53.4 53.4 53.5
Lithuania 53.4 53.5 53.6 53.7 53.7
Russian Federation 53.6 53.6 53.7 53.7 53.7
Ukraine 53.7 53.7 53.8 53.8 53.8
Estonia 53.8 53.8 53.8 53.7 53.7
Latvia 54.1 54.2 54.2 54.2 54.3
Faeroe Islands
St. Kitts and Nevis
Andorra
Isle of Man
Bermuda
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands
Liechtenstein
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
Palau
Kosovo
Dominica

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