Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Qatar 35.2 33.4 30.9 28.5 26.5
United Arab Emirates 32.5 32.0 31.2 30.5 29.9
Bahrain 41.0 40.3 39.6 38.9 38.3
Kuwait 40.6 40.5 40.4 40.3 40.3
Oman 44.3 44.1 43.9 43.7 43.4
Saudi Arabia 44.6 44.3 44.0 43.9 43.8
Bhutan 47.0 46.7 46.5 46.4 46.4
India 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2 48.2
China 48.3 48.3 48.3 48.3 48.2
Samoa 48.1 48.2 48.3 48.3 48.4
Pakistan 48.5 48.5 48.5 48.6 48.6
Equatorial Guinea 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.7
French Polynesia 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.7
Libya 48.5 48.6 48.6 48.7 48.8
Cote d'Ivoire 48.6 48.6 48.7 48.8 48.8
Jordan 48.5 48.7 48.8 48.8 48.8
Syrian Arab Republic 48.8 48.7 48.8 48.8 48.9
Fiji 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 48.9
Lebanon 49.4 49.2 49.1 49.0 49.0
Papua New Guinea 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
Bangladesh 48.6 48.7 48.8 48.9 49.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 49.2 49.2 49.1 49.1 49.0
Guam 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.1 49.1
Cyprus 49.5 49.4 49.3 49.2 49.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 48.8 48.8 48.9 49.0 49.1
Timor-Leste 49.0 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1
Afghanistan 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.1 49.1
Vanuatu 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.1 49.1
Solomon Islands 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.1 49.2
Costa Rica 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Nigeria 49.3 49.3 49.2 49.2 49.2
West Bank and Gaza 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
Brunei Darussalam 49.3 49.2 49.2 49.3 49.3
Seychelles 50.2 50.0 49.9 49.6 49.3
Armenia 51.5 51.0 50.4 49.9 49.3
Iraq 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Guyana 49.8 49.7 49.6 49.5 49.4
New Caledonia 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.6 49.4
Algeria 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.4
Panama 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Paraguay 49.4 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.5
Maldives 49.3 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.5
Yemen, Rep. 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Tajikistan 49.8 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Mauritania 49.8 49.8 49.7 49.7 49.7
Iceland 49.8 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Comoros 49.8 49.8 49.7 49.7 49.7
Cuba 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Indonesia 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.7 49.7
Mali 49.9 49.9 49.8 49.8 49.7
Niger 49.9 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.7
Albania 49.9 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Djibouti 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8
Liberia 49.9 49.9 49.8 49.8 49.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8
Venezuela, RB 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8
Philippines 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8
Sudan 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Suriname 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Macedonia, FYR 49.8 49.8 49.9 49.9 49.9
Peru 49.8 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Dominican Republic 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.9 49.9
Uganda 50.0 50.0 49.9 49.9 49.9
Gabon 50.1 50.1 50.0 50.0 49.9
Ecuador 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Tonga 49.7 49.9 49.9 50.0 49.9
Guinea 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Belize 49.9 49.9 49.9 50.0 50.0
Ethiopia 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Chad 50.1 50.1 50.0 50.0 50.0
Congo, Rep. 50.1 50.1 50.0 50.0 50.0
Botswana 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.0
Malawi 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.0
South Sudan 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Cameroon 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Honduras 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Tanzania 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Kenya 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Zambia 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Malta 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.1
Grenada 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.2 50.1
Barbados 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.1
Bolivia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Norway 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.2
Madagascar 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Korea, Rep. 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.2
Eritrea 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2
Tunisia 50.0 50.1 50.2 50.2 50.2
Uzbekistan 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Australia 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Ireland 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.3
Sweden 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3
Guinea-Bissau 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Somalia 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Kiribati 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Mongolia 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3 50.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3
Benin 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.3
Ghana 49.9 50.0 50.2 50.3 50.4
Canada 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Lao PDR 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4
Denmark 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4
Luxembourg 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.5 50.5
Nicaragua 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.5
Sierra Leone 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5
Trinidad and Tobago 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Gambia, The 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Angola 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5
Burkina Faso 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.5
Netherlands 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Mauritius 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Azerbaijan 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.5
Chile 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Singapore 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.6
Haiti 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Burundi 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.6
Kyrgyz Republic 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Israel 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6
Cabo Verde 51.1 51.0 50.9 50.8 50.6
Slovenia 51.1 51.1 51.0 50.8 50.7
Montenegro 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Spain 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Vietnam 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Greece 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Zimbabwe 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.7
Sao Tome and Principe 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
Sri Lanka 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.6 50.7
Turkmenistan 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Brazil 50.6 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Colombia 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8
Jamaica 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Morocco 50.6 50.6 50.7 50.8 50.8
Togo 51.0 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8
Central African Republic 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8
United States 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8
Turkey 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.9 50.9
Switzerland 51.1 51.1 51.0 50.9 50.9
United Kingdom 51.1 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.9
Nepal 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.8 50.9
Swaziland 51.2 51.1 51.1 51.0 50.9
New Zealand 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 50.9
St. Lucia 51.1 51.1 51.0 51.0 50.9
Thailand 51.0 50.9 50.9 50.9 51.0
Finland 51.1 51.1 51.0 51.0 51.0
Belgium 51.1 51.1 51.0 51.0 51.0
Lesotho 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.1 51.0
Senegal 50.9 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.0
Czech Republic 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.1 51.0
Germany 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Argentina 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Serbia 51.0 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Malaysia 50.1 50.4 50.7 50.9 51.1
Bahamas, The 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2
Romania 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Japan 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.3
Rwanda 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
Guatemala 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.3 51.3
Bulgaria 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.3
Austria 51.5 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.3
Cambodia 51.5 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.3
Mozambique 51.7 51.6 51.5 51.5 51.4
Namibia 51.1 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.4
Slovak Republic 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.4 51.4
Myanmar 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.4 51.4
South Africa 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.4 51.4
Italy 51.5 51.5 51.4 51.5 51.5
Portugal 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
Poland 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.7 51.7
France 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
Mexico 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.7
Uruguay 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.8 51.7
Croatia 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Kazakhstan 52.0 51.9 51.9 51.9 51.8
Puerto Rico 52.0 52.0 52.0 52.0 52.0
Macao SAR, China 52.0 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.2
Antigua and Barbuda 52.4 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.2
El Salvador 52.1 52.2 52.3 52.3 52.4
Aruba 52.4 52.4 52.5 52.4 52.4
Hungary 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.5
Moldova 52.4 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.5
Georgia 52.8 52.8 52.8 52.9 52.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 52.1 52.3 52.5 52.7 52.9
Belarus 53.3 53.4 53.4 53.4 53.5
Curacao 53.1 53.2 53.3 53.5 53.7
Estonia 53.8 53.8 53.8 53.7 53.7
Lithuania 53.4 53.5 53.6 53.7 53.7
Russian Federation 53.6 53.6 53.7 53.7 53.7
Ukraine 53.7 53.7 53.8 53.8 53.8
Latvia 54.1 54.2 54.2 54.2 54.3
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Dominica
Kosovo
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
St. Kitts and Nevis
Liechtenstein
San Marino
Cayman Islands
Marshall Islands
Andorra
Palau
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
Tuvalu
Bermuda
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco

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