Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan 48.9 48.8 48.8 48.7 48.7
Albania 48.8 48.8 48.7 48.7 48.7
Algeria 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.5 49.5
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.8
Antigua and Barbuda 51.4 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8
Argentina 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.9 50.9
Armenia 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.2
Aruba 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.1 50.9
Australia 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Austria 52.6 52.6 52.5 52.4 52.3
Azerbaijan 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1
Bahamas, The 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Bahrain 42.7 42.9 42.9 42.7 42.6
Bangladesh 48.1 48.1 48.0 48.1 48.1
Barbados 52.2 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.0
Belarus 53.4 53.4 53.3 53.3 53.2
Belgium 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.1 51.1
Belize 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Benin 51.9 51.9 51.9 51.8 51.8
Bermuda
Bhutan 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.2 48.2
Bolivia 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.5 50.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50.7 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.5
Botswana 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7
Brazil 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.3 50.3
Brunei Darussalam 47.0 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1
Bulgaria 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.6
Burkina Faso 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.2 51.2
Burundi 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.2 51.0
Cabo Verde 52.8 52.6 52.5 52.4 52.4
Cambodia 52.5 52.3 52.1 52.0 51.9
Cameroon 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Canada 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
Chad 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4
Chile 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
China 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4 48.4
Colombia 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Comoros 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7
Congo, Rep. 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Costa Rica 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.1
Cote d'Ivoire 47.7 47.8 47.8 47.8 47.9
Croatia 51.9 51.9 51.8 51.7 51.6
Cuba 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Curacao 51.4 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8
Cyprus 49.5 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.3
Czech Republic 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
Denmark 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Djibouti 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.7 49.7
Dominica
Dominican Republic 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Ecuador 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
El Salvador 51.2 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.3
Equatorial Guinea 49.3 49.1 48.9 48.9 48.9
Eritrea 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.4 50.4
Estonia 53.5 53.5 53.4 53.3 53.3
Ethiopia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
Finland 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.5 51.5
France 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5 51.5
French Polynesia 47.7 47.7 47.7 47.8 47.9
Gabon 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2 51.1
Gambia, The 50.3 50.1 50.0 49.9 49.8
Georgia 52.8 52.8 52.7 52.6 52.6
Germany 52.4 52.3 52.3 52.2 52.1
Ghana 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Greece 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Greenland
Grenada 51.4 51.3 51.1 51.0 50.9
Guam 47.4 47.2 47.0 46.8 46.7
Guatemala 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Guinea 50.7 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Guinea-Bissau 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.5
Guyana 50.6 50.6 50.7 50.8 50.8
Haiti 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Honduras 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 48.1 48.2 48.3 48.5 48.6
Hungary 51.7 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.9
Iceland 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8
India 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1
Indonesia 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 48.7 48.7 48.8 48.8 48.8
Iraq 49.3 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.6
Ireland 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.1 50.2
Isle of Man
Israel 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Italy 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.5
Jamaica 50.4 50.4 50.5 50.6 50.7
Japan 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9
Jordan 47.3 47.3 47.3 47.3 47.4
Kazakhstan 51.8 51.8 51.7 51.7 51.6
Kenya 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Kiribati 50.5 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.6 51.5
Korea, Rep. 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 49.9
Kosovo
Kuwait 42.6 43.1 44.0 45.0 45.9
Kyrgyz Republic 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.2
Lao PDR 50.2 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.0
Latvia 53.9 53.8 53.7 53.7 53.6
Lebanon 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.7
Lesotho 52.7 52.6 52.4 52.1 51.9
Liberia 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Libya 46.8 46.7 46.7 46.8 47.0
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 52.8 52.8 52.8 52.7 52.7
Luxembourg 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.2
Macao SAR, China 50.0 50.2 50.5 50.7 51.0
Macedonia, FYR 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.6
Madagascar 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Malawi 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.1 51.0
Malaysia 49.6 49.6 49.5 49.4 49.4
Maldives 47.3 47.4 47.6 47.7 47.9
Mali 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.5
Malta 50.9 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Mauritius 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.2 50.2
Mexico 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8
Moldova 52.6 52.5 52.5 52.4 52.4
Monaco
Mongolia 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Montenegro 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Morocco 50.2 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.1
Mozambique 51.2 51.3 51.4 51.6 51.8
Myanmar 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1 51.1
Namibia 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.2
Nepal 49.2 49.3 49.5 49.7 49.9
Netherlands 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6
New Caledonia 48.9 49.0 49.0 49.0 49.0
New Zealand 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.6 50.7
Nicaragua 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1
Niger 50.7 50.7 50.8 50.8 50.9
Nigeria 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 50.5 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Oman 46.2 45.9 45.8 45.6 45.3
Pakistan 47.9 48.0 48.0 48.1 48.1
Palau
Panama 49.3 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Papua New Guinea 48.7 48.7 48.7 48.8 48.8
Paraguay 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Peru 49.7 49.7 49.8 49.8 49.8
Philippines 49.4 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.5
Poland 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2 51.2
Portugal 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8 51.8
Puerto Rico 51.1 51.1 51.2 51.3 51.4
Qatar 33.6 33.1 32.9 32.8 32.8
Romania 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Russian Federation 53.7 53.6 53.6 53.5 53.4
Rwanda 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7 50.7
Samoa 48.2 48.0 47.9 47.9 47.8
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.7
Saudi Arabia 45.4 45.1 44.9 44.6 44.4
Senegal 50.1 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.2
Serbia
Seychelles 49.5 49.5 49.6 49.8 49.9
Sierra Leone 50.8 50.7 50.7 50.7 50.6
Singapore 49.0 49.1 49.2 49.3 49.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 51.0 51.0 51.0 51.1 51.1
Slovenia 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Solomon Islands 48.4 48.5 48.5 48.5 48.6
Somalia 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
South Africa 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.4 50.4
South Sudan 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.3
Spain 50.9 50.9 51.0 51.0 51.0
Sri Lanka 49.2 49.2 49.3 49.3 49.4
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 51.0 51.0 50.9 50.9 50.9
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 51.1 51.0 50.9 50.7 50.6
Sudan 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8 49.8
Suriname 49.2 49.1 49.1 49.1 49.2
Swaziland 52.7 52.8 52.8 52.9 52.9
Sweden 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Switzerland 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2
Syrian Arab Republic 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2 49.2
Tajikistan 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.4
Tanzania 50.6 50.5 50.5 50.5 50.5
Thailand 50.1 50.1 50.2 50.3 50.4
Timor-Leste 49.2 49.1 49.1 49.0 48.8
Togo 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Tonga 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.4 49.4
Trinidad and Tobago 50.3 50.3 50.3 50.2 50.2
Tunisia 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7 49.7
Turkey 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Turkmenistan 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2
Ukraine 54.1 54.0 54.0 53.9 53.8
United Arab Emirates 34.5 35.1 35.3 35.2 35.0
United Kingdom 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
United States 51.4 51.4 51.3 51.3 51.3
Uruguay 51.2 51.2 51.3 51.3 51.4
Uzbekistan 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6 50.6
Vanuatu 47.8 47.9 48.1 48.2 48.4
Venezuela, RB 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Vietnam 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.9 50.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 51.6 51.6 51.5 51.5 51.5
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Zambia 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4 50.4
Zimbabwe 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2 50.2

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