Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Rwanda 5 5 5 6 7
Burundi 6 6 6 7 7
Nepal 9 9 9 10 10
Trinidad and Tobago 9 9 9 9 9
Uganda 11 11 11 11 11
Malawi 11 12 12 12 13
Ethiopia 12 13 13 13 13
South Sudan 13 13 14 15 16
Lesotho 13 14 15 15 16
Solomon Islands 13 14 14 14 14
Burkina Faso 14 14 14 14 15
Papua New Guinea 15 15 15 15 14
Lao PDR 15 15 16 16 16
Cambodia 15 16 16 16 17
Niger 15 15 15 16 16
Bhutan 16 16 17 18 19
Eritrea 16 16 16 16 16
Kenya 16 17 17 17 18
Liechtenstein 17 17 17 17 17
Afghanistan 18 18 19 19 19
Vanuatu 18 19 19 19 20
Tanzania 19 19 19 20 20
Sri Lanka 19 19 19 19 19
Bangladesh 19 20 20 21 21
Vietnam 20 20 21 21 21
Timor-Leste 20 21 21 22 22
Yemen, Rep. 20 21 21 22 23
Chad 21 21 21 21 21
Samoa 21 21 21 21 21
Tonga 23 23 23 23 23
Swaziland 23 23 23 23 23
Mali 23 23 24 24 25
Madagascar 23 24 24 25 25
Mozambique 24 25 25 26 26
Myanmar 24 25 25 25 25
Angola 25 26 26 27 28
India 25 26 26 26 26
China 26 26 27 28 29
Maldives 26 26 26 26 26
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 26 26 26 26 26
Guinea-Bissau 27 28 29 30 31
Comoros 27 28 28 28 28
Namibia 27 28 28 28 29
Haiti 27 29 30 31 31
Sudan 27 29 30 31 32
Guinea 28 28 28 29 29
Togo 28 29 29 29 30
Zimbabwe 28 29 30 30 31
Nigeria 29 30 30 31 31
St. Lucia 29 29 30 29 29
Thailand 29 29 30 30 30
Somalia 29 30 30 30 31
Indonesia 30 31 32 33 34
Guyana 30 30 29 29 29
Congo, Dem. Rep. 30 31 31 32 32
Pakistan 30 31 31 31 31
Faeroe Islands 30 31 31 31 31
Tajikistan 32 32 31 31 30
Sierra Leone 33 33 33 34 34
Barbados 33 33 33 33 33
Grenada 33 33 34 34 34
Benin 34 34 35 36 36
Equatorial Guinea 34 35 36 37 38
Kiribati 35 35 35 36 36
St. Kitts and Nevis 35 35 34 34 34
Antigua and Barbuda 35 35 35 35 35
Ghana 36 36 37 38 39
Albania 36 36 37 37 38
Central African Republic 37 37 37 37 37
Gambia, The 37 38 39 41 42
Kyrgyz Republic 38 38 37 37 37
Botswana 39 42 45 46 47
Senegal 39 39 39 39 39
Bosnia and Herzegovina 39 39 39 39 39
Cote d'Ivoire 39 39 40 40 40
Cameroon 39 40 40 41 41
Tuvalu 39 41 42 43 43
Zambia 39 39 39 39 38
Honduras 40 40 41 41 42
Uzbekistan 41 40 40 39 39
Mauritania 41 41 42 43 44
Guatemala 41 41 42 42 42
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 41 41 42 42 43
Fiji 41 42 42 43 44
Cabo Verde 42 44 45 46 47
Sao Tome and Principe 43 44 45 46 47
Mauritius 44 44 44 44 44
Egypt, Arab Rep. 44 43 43 43 43
Turkmenistan 45 45 45 45 45
Moldova 47 47 47 47 46
Montenegro 47 48 49 50 51
Portugal 47 48 48 49 50
Philippines 48 49 49 48 48
Belize 48 47 47 47 47
Morocco 48 48 49 50 51
Paraguay 48 49 49 50 51
El Salvador 49 49 50 50 51
Syrian Arab Republic 49 49 49 49 50
Malaysia 49 50 51 52 53
Costa Rica 49 50 51 52 53
Jamaica 49 49 50 50 50
Seychelles 49 49 49 49 49
Slovenia 50 50 51 51 51
Aruba 50 50 50 50 50
Algeria 51 52 53 54 54
South Africa 52 52 53 53 54
Isle of Man 52 52 52 52 52
Nicaragua 52 52 53 53 53
Romania 53 53 54 54 54
Liberia 53 55 58 55 52
Panama 53 54 55 56 56
Croatia 54 54 54 54 55
Congo, Rep. 54 54 55 55 56
Azerbaijan 54 54 53 53 53
Ecuador 54 55 56 56 57
Bolivia 55 56 57 58 58
Dominican Republic 55 55 55 56 56
Georgia 55 55 55 55 54
Iran, Islamic Rep. 56 56 57 58 59
Slovak Republic 56 56 57 57 57
Kazakhstan 56 56 56 56 56
Ireland 57 57 57 57 57
Mongolia 57 57 57 57 57
Tunisia 57 58 59 60 60
Macedonia, FYR 57 58 58 59 59
Turkey 58 59 60 61 61
French Polynesia 58 58 58 57 57
Korea, Dem. Rep. 58 58 59 59 59
New Caledonia 59 60 60 60 60
Poland 61 61 61 61 61
Dominica 61 63 64 65 65
Oman 64 66 68 69 71
Marshall Islands 65 65 65 66 66
Brunei Darussalam 65 66 67 67 68
Belarus 66 66 66 67 67
Suriname 66 66 66 66 66
Austria 66 66 66 66 66
Hungary 66 66 66 66 65
Bulgaria 66 66 67 67 67
Cyprus 66 67 67 68 68
Ukraine 67 67 67 67 67
Italy 67 67 67 67 67
Lithuania 68 68 68 67 67
Armenia 68 67 67 67 67
Colombia 68 68 69 69 70
Gabon 68 69 70 72 73
Netherlands 68 69 69 70 71
Peru 68 69 69 70 70
Latvia 69 69 69 69 69
Palau 69 70 70 70 71
Iraq 70 70 70 69 69
Mexico 71 71 72 72 73
Greece 71 71 72 72 72
Estonia 71 71 71 71 71
Switzerland 72 73 74 74 74
Norway 72 72 72 73 73
Jordan 72 73 74 76 77
Korea, Rep. 72 74 75 76 77
Turks and Caicos Islands 73 74 76 77 78
Cuba 73 73 74 74 74
Germany 73 73 73 73 73
Brazil 73 74 75 75 76
Russian Federation 73 73 73 73 73
France 74 74 74 74 75
United States 75 75 76 76 76
Spain 75 75 76 76 76
Czech Republic 75 75 75 75 75
Libya 76 76 76 76 76
Djibouti 76 76 76 76 76
Saudi Arabia 76 77 77 78 78
Canada 77 77 77 77 77
Japan 77 77 77 78 78
United Kingdom 78 78 78 78 78
Finland 79 79 80 80 80
United Arab Emirates 79 79 79 79 79
Bahamas, The 79 80 80 80 81
Greenland 79 80 80 80 81
American Samoa 80 81 82 83 84
Luxembourg 81 81 81 82 82
Lebanon 83 83 83 84 84
Sweden 83 83 83 83 84
Chile 83 83 83 84 84
Venezuela, RB 84 84 85 85 85
Curacao 84 85 85 85 86
New Zealand 85 85 85 85 85
Denmark 85 85 85 85 85
Australia 85 85 85 86 86
Argentina 87 87 87 88 88
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 87 88 88 89 89
Bahrain 88 88 88 88 88
Uruguay 89 89 89 90 90
Northern Mariana Islands 90 90 90 90 90
Israel 90 90 90 91 91
Malta 90 90 90 91 91
San Marino 90 90 90 90 91
Iceland 91 91 91 91 91
Guam 91 91 91 91 92
Puerto Rico 92 93 93 93 93
Qatar 92 93 93 94 94
Andorra 95 95 95 94 94
Belgium 96 96 96 97 97
Kuwait 98 98 98 98 98
Hong Kong SAR, China 99 100 100 100 100
Macao SAR, China 100 100 100 100 100
Singapore 100 100 100 100 100
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 100 100 100 100 100
Bermuda 100 100 100 100 100
Monaco 100 100 100 100 100
Cayman Islands 100 100 100 100 100
St. Martin (French part)
Serbia 50 51 51 51
West Bank and Gaza 68 68 69 69
Kosovo

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