Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Rwanda 5 5 6 7 7
Burundi 6 6 6 7 7
Trinidad and Tobago 9 9 9 9 9
Nepal 9 9 9 10 10
Uganda 11 11 11 11 11
Malawi 11 12 12 12 13
Ethiopia 12 13 13 13 13
Solomon Islands 13 14 14 14 14
South Sudan 13 13 14 14 15
Burkina Faso 14 14 14 14 15
Papua New Guinea 15 15 15 15 14
Lesotho 14 14 15 15 16
Niger 15 15 15 16 16
Eritrea 16 16 16 16 16
Lao PDR 15 15 16 16 17
Cambodia 15 16 16 16 17
Liechtenstein 17 17 17 17 17
Sri Lanka 17 17 17 17 17
Kenya 17 17 17 17 18
Bhutan 16 16 17 18 19
Afghanistan 18 18 18 19 19
Vanuatu 18 19 19 19 20
Tanzania 18 19 19 20 20
Bangladesh 19 20 20 21 21
Vietnam 20 20 21 21 21
Chad 21 21 21 21 21
Samoa 21 21 21 21 21
Timor-Leste 20 21 21 22 22
Yemen, Rep. 20 21 21 22 23
Tonga 23 23 23 23 23
Swaziland 23 23 23 23 23
Mozambique 20 21 22 23 24
Mali 23 23 24 24 25
Madagascar 23 24 24 24 25
Myanmar 25 25 25 25 25
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 26 26 26 26 25
Maldives 26 26 26 26 26
India 25 26 26 26 26
Congo, Dem. Rep. 28 28 28 28 28
Comoros 27 28 28 28 28
China 26 26 27 28 29
Namibia 27 28 28 29 29
Guinea 28 28 28 29 29
Guyana 30 30 29 29 29
Togo 28 29 29 29 30
St. Lucia 29 29 29 29 29
Thailand 29 29 30 30 30
Guinea-Bissau 27 28 29 30 31
Sudan 27 29 29 30 31
Zimbabwe 28 29 30 30 31
Haiti 27 29 29 30 31
Somalia 29 30 30 30 31
Tajikistan 32 32 31 31 30
Faeroe Islands 31 31 31 31 31
Pakistan 30 31 31 31 31
Fragile and conflict affected situations 31 31 32 32 32
Indonesia 30 31 32 33 34
Sierra Leone 33 33 33 34 34
Barbados 33 33 33 34 34
Grenada 33 33 34 34 34
St. Kitts and Nevis 35 35 34 34 34
Antigua and Barbuda 35 35 35 35 35
Benin 34 34 35 35 36
Kiribati 35 35 35 36 36
Equatorial Guinea 34 35 36 36 37
Nigeria 35 35 36 37 37
Central African Republic 37 37 37 37 37
Kyrgyz Republic 38 38 37 37 37
Albania 36 36 37 37 38
Ghana 36 36 37 38 39
Zambia 39 39 39 38 38
Senegal 39 39 39 39 39
Uzbekistan 40 40 40 39 39
Mauritania 39 40 40 40 40
Angola 36 37 39 40 41
Bosnia and Herzegovina 39 39 40 40 40
Cote d'Ivoire 39 39 40 40 40
Gambia, The 37 38 39 41 42
Cameroon 39 40 40 41 41
Honduras 40 40 41 41 42
Liberia 41 41 41 42 42
Guatemala 41 41 42 42 42
Tuvalu 39 41 41 42 43
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 41 41 42 42 43
Fiji 41 42 42 43 44
Egypt, Arab Rep. 44 43 43 43 43
Mauritius 44 44 44 44 44
Botswana 39 42 43 45 46
Turkmenistan 45 45 45 45 45
Sao Tome and Principe 43 44 45 46 47
Cabo Verde 42 44 45 46 47
Moldova 46 47 47 47 46
Belize 48 47 47 47 47
Philippines 47 49 49 48 48
Portugal 47 48 49 49 50
Syrian Arab Republic 49 49 49 49 50
Seychelles 49 49 49 49 49
Aruba 50 50 50 50 49
Morocco 48 48 49 50 50
Jamaica 49 49 50 50 50
Paraguay 48 49 49 50 51
Montenegro 47 48 49 50 51
Slovenia 50 50 50 50 51
Serbia 50 51 51 51
El Salvador 49 49 50 51 52
Isle of Man 52 52 52 52 52
Malaysia 49 50 51 52 53
Costa Rica 50 51 52 53 54
Nicaragua 52 52 53 53 53
South Africa 52 52 53 53 54
Azerbaijan 54 54 53 53 53
Romania 53 53 53 53 54
Algeria 51 52 53 54 54
Croatia 54 54 54 54 55
Georgia 55 55 55 55 54
French Polynesia 56 56 55 55 54
Congo, Rep. 54 54 55 55 56
Kazakhstan 56 56 56 56 56
Ecuador 54 55 56 56 57
Dominican Republic 55 55 56 56 57
Panama 54 54 55 56 58
Slovak Republic 56 56 57 57 57
Mongolia 57 57 57 57 57
Bolivia 55 56 56 57 58
Ireland 57 57 57 57 58
Iran, Islamic Rep. 56 56 57 58 59
Macedonia, FYR 57 58 58 59 59
Korea, Dem. Rep. 58 58 59 59 59
Greece 59 59 59 59 59
Tunisia 57 58 59 59 60
New Caledonia 59 60 60 60 60
Turkey 58 59 60 60 61
Suriname 60 60 61 61 61
Poland 61 61 61 61 61
Central Europe and the Baltics 61 62 62 62 62
Hungary 66 66 66 66 65
Marshall Islands 64 65 65 66 66
Austria 66 66 66 66 66
Belarus 65 66 66 67 67
Italy 67 67 67 67 67
Ukraine 66 67 67 67 67
Armenia 67 67 67 67 67
Bulgaria 66 66 67 67 67
Brunei Darussalam 65 66 66 67 68
Cyprus 66 67 67 67 68
Lithuania 67 68 68 67 67
Dominica 67 68 68 68 68
Oman 64 66 67 68 69
West Bank and Gaza 68 68 69 69
Latvia 69 69 69 69 69
Colombia 68 68 69 69 70
Iraq 70 70 70 69 69
Peru 68 69 69 70 70
Palau 69 70 70 70 71
Netherlands 68 69 70 70 71
Estonia 71 71 71 71 70
Gabon 68 69 70 72 73
Mexico 71 71 72 72 73
Norway 72 72 72 73 73
Germany 73 73 73 73 73
Switzerland 72 73 73 73 73
Russian Federation 73 73 73 73 73
Cuba 73 73 74 74 74
France 74 74 74 74 75
Jordan 71 72 73 75 76
Czech Republic 75 75 75 75 75
Brazil 73 74 75 75 76
Spain 75 75 75 76 76
Korea, Rep. 72 74 75 76 76
Libya 76 76 76 76 76
Djibouti 75 76 76 76 76
United States 75 75 76 76 76
Turks and Caicos Islands 73 74 75 77 78
Canada 77 77 77 77 77
Saudi Arabia 76 77 77 77 78
Japan 77 77 77 78 78
Puerto Rico 72 72 75 78 81
United Kingdom 78 78 78 78 78
United Arab Emirates 79 79 79 79 79
Finland 79 79 80 80 80
Greenland 79 80 80 80 80
Bahamas, The 79 80 80 80 81
Luxembourg 81 81 81 82 82
American Samoa 80 81 82 83 84
Sweden 83 83 83 83 84
Chile 83 83 83 84 84
Lebanon 82 83 83 84 84
Denmark 85 85 85 85 85
New Zealand 85 85 85 85 85
Venezuela, RB 84 84 85 85 86
Australia 85 85 86 86 86
Argentina 87 87 87 88 88
Bahrain 88 88 88 88 88
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 87 88 88 89 89
Uruguay 89 89 89 90 90
Northern Mariana Islands 89 90 90 90 90
Israel 90 90 90 91 91
Malta 90 90 90 91 91
San Marino 90 90 91 91 91
Iceland 91 91 91 91 91
Guam 91 91 91 91 92
Qatar 92 93 93 94 94
Andorra 95 95 95 94 94
Belgium 96 96 96 97 97
Kuwait 98 98 98 98 98
Hong Kong SAR, China 98 100 100 100 100
Macao SAR, China 100 100 100 100 100
Cayman Islands 100 100 100 100 100
Bermuda 100 100 100 100 100
Singapore 100 100 100 100 100
Monaco 100 100 100 100 100
Kosovo
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)

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