Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
India 12.4 12.0 11.8 10.5 11.7
Ethiopia 15.3 15.4 14.9 16.8
United States 16.9 15.9 14.1 13.1 14.1
Paraguay 22.6 17.2 19.8 15.6 22.6
Bangladesh 18.5 17.2 17.4 16.4 19.8
Turkey 15.7 19.2 22.6 24.3 29.8
Mexico 20.7 20.7 24.1 25.8 26.1
Ecuador 26.5 21.5 22.6 22.4 25.0
Chad 14.0 21.8 20.0 31.5 33.9
Colombia 25.9 22.3 21.8 20.6 20.8
Nepal 21.7 22.4 20.2 22.8 21.1
China 20.1 22.6 20.4 19.1 20.7
Sudan 27.8 23.2 19.2 23.4 17.7
Burkina Faso 23.3 23.2 23.0 21.8 22.7
Madagascar 24.8 24.0 20.6 18.5 23.8
Burundi 25.3 24.4 29.7 24.2 29.3
Japan 25.0 24.5 24.2 22.4 23.6
Argentina 24.4 24.8 15.4 11.8 16.0
Greece 27.5 24.8 26.1 28.0 29.6
Central African Republic 24.7 25.0 30.7 23.8 27.1
Uruguay 27.0 25.9 23.2 35.9 35.3
Rwanda 25.1 25.9 26.8 27.0 26.6
Spain 23.6 25.9 26.6 28.7 30.5
Australia 29.6 27.0 24.8 23.5 25.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 27.3 27.3 26.7 27.1 21.2
Peru 36.8 30.3 29.3 31.1 29.4
Pakistan 33.6 30.3 25.6 29.3 27.0
Mozambique 30.7 30.6 29.5 23.7 18.9
Bolivia 35.4 31.0 24.7 24.6 19.7
Cameroon 44.3 33.2 31.1 29.8 25.6
Chile 38.1 33.7 31.6 35.0 37.6
Guatemala 39.6 33.9 28.8 25.2 25.4
Mali 36.0 34.7 35.9 40.0 31.3
France 35.7 36.8 36.2 35.7 37.9
United Kingdom 39.9 37.9 38.2 39.2 43.0
Indonesia 42.0 38.4 41.3 43.9 40.8
Zimbabwe 42.9 38.7 34.1 30.1 35.5
Philippines 43.3 39.7 35.6 38.7 37.3
Morocco 31.6 39.7 37.3 35.8 42.3
Italy 37.6 39.9 37.8 34.6 36.6
Guinea-Bissau 59.6 41.4 37.5 39.1 46.9
Comoros 30.8 42.0 49.5 47.5 46.5
Germany 40.2 42.6 42.9 42.0 45.0
Sierra Leone 59.1 42.9 31.6 28.0 26.7
Panama 47.4 43.3 40.7 35.4 33.2
Portugal 42.4 43.6 45.0 47.1 52.2
Uganda 51.3 44.0 33.3 33.4 20.5
Niger 46.2 44.5 39.6 34.6 37.4
Benin 28.0 44.7 38.5 35.1 43.3
Kenya 46.4 44.9 41.4 37.0 41.2
Sweden 45.9 45.0 48.2 51.7 51.8
Venezuela, RB 46.2 45.1 38.5 25.9 42.5
Afghanistan 41.5 45.4
French Polynesia 42.4 45.7 42.6 42.6 41.0
New Zealand 46.9 46.5 47.0 44.2 54.1
Canada 47.6 46.7 41.3 41.6 47.5
Syrian Arab Republic 47.7 46.9 37.1 36.8 34.1
Dominican Republic 48.0 46.9 33.6 32.3 28.1
Bermuda 56.9 47.6 46.8 45.1 46.2
Thailand 48.6 48.7 42.3 41.6 42.6
Senegal 43.6 49.6 49.5 59.2 59.7
South Africa 56.0 50.2 45.1 39.9 38.9
Mongolia 50.8 52.9 56.4 78.6
Ghana 53.7 51.4 39.1 59.3 25.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 34.5 51.6 47.7 47.9 45.4
Malawi 59.3 51.9 46.0 44.1 48.4
El Salvador 54.1 51.9 45.8 46.4 46.3
Austria 51.2 52.0 49.4 48.4 52.1
Cabo Verde 51.3 53.1 54.0 65.0 65.1
Switzerland 55.6 53.1 49.1 49.3 52.2
Norway 55.1 53.3 52.8 51.1 52.8
Finland 55.5 53.7 50.1 49.7 48.9
Iceland 56.1 54.3 50.2 55.7 54.5
Denmark 50.9 54.9 53.6 53.7 55.5
Algeria 57.7 57.9 52.9 47.1 43.0
Cote d'Ivoire 60.0 58.3 59.9 57.5 61.4
Zambia 67.9 58.4 57.5 50.8 50.8
Cuba 60.7 59.3 59.9 61.4 59.8
Bhutan 49.4 60.1 57.1 53.1 53.8
Honduras 71.7 60.6 46.9 47.9 48.7
Nicaragua 62.4 60.9 48.2 45.6 39.6
Kiribati 153.9 61.4 53.9 57.8 101.2
Korea, Rep. 58.7 62.2 56.5 55.9 59.9
Congo, Rep. 87.4 63.1 81.5 61.4 82.1
Nigeria 66.4 63.4 55.0 63.8 74.5
United Arab Emirates 70.5 64.9 60.5 58.9 56.1
Sri Lanka 77.1 66.6 60.0 55.8 54.9
Togo 78.2 66.7 69.5 58.1 64.5
Israel 70.3 68.6 60.7 53.5 60.0
Gambia, The 81.3 69.9 68.0 76.4 84.0
Mauritania 67.7 70.3 67.8 65.8 68.6
Seychelles 81.4 71.0 76.4 73.6 75.3
Tunisia 65.6 74.6 66.5 59.4 60.2
Tonga 84.5 77.1 74.1 70.6 77.8
New Caledonia 73.9 77.2 70.0 55.7 65.1
Mauritius 91.5 78.0 76.5 73.7 80.7
Gabon 66.5 78.8 83.7 79.2 76.8
Barbados 87.2 80.9 81.7 89.2 91.4
Iraq 75.3 81.4 74.6 54.1 47.0
Jamaica 76.8 82.1 65.2 61.1 79.8
Cyprus 80.5 82.8 81.8 79.7 85.0
Grenada 80.1 83.1 78.8 75.1 67.2
Qatar 90.6 83.2 82.8 74.2 84.6
Fiji 85.8 83.4 74.2 70.3 66.4
Solomon Islands 96.6 83.8 68.5 75.5 68.0
Papua New Guinea 86.7 84.0 81.9 75.4 78.4
Saudi Arabia 84.6 84.2 78.1 65.8 59.6
Netherlands 79.2 84.2 83.4 83.7 90.4
Costa Rica 52.6 84.5 67.5 46.8 45.7
Ireland 90.0 88.6 82.8 85.6 96.2
Jordan 76.1 88.9 85.3 73.5 71.2
Maldives 87.1 89.3 110.6 121.0 64.8
Vanuatu 95.2 91.1 83.6 84.5 83.4
Malaysia 95.4 91.7 89.5 89.1 88.7
Kuwait 91.5 91.9 88.7 90.4 85.3
Oman 91.6 97.9 96.5 86.6 83.4
Trinidad and Tobago 116.3 100.5 84.7 63.3 52.8
Namibia 107.4 103.2 92.8 76.6 80.8
Equatorial Guinea 79.0 103.5 97.1 72.0 65.6
Dominica 98.1 104.2 99.9 90.1 93.5
Malta 113.7 105.3 97.2 94.0 100.8
Brunei Darussalam 104.5 106.1 106.4 106.5 101.3
Bulgaria 100.1 107.2 116.0 144.1 146.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 119.4 109.6 113.5 118.0 126.6
Greenland 108.0 110.2 111.8 107.2 116.8
Botswana 112.5 111.2 112.6 116.9 109.4
Belgium 107.1 112.4 119.6 122.6 128.3
St. Lucia 136.4 114.9 114.2 128.8 85.2
Liberia 131.5 115.5 102.4 102.1 96.1
Suriname 128.1 117.9 103.0 95.0 81.2
Antigua and Barbuda 107.2 121.3 116.0 84.2 86.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 143.8 127.3 105.1 115.6 102.8
Lesotho 121.0 130.4 171.6 145.2 155.1
Guyana 126.2 138.5 111.8 85.8 96.7
Belize 134.0 145.7 122.2 100.5 117.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 150.1 154.3 143.1 156.7 175.4
Swaziland 183.0 172.3 158.3 154.0 138.9
Bahrain 230.3 244.3 203.1 175.1 171.1
Singapore 359.2 337.9 308.4 277.7 269.8
Bahamas, The 636.7 353.3 319.4 277.1 186.9
Curacao
Cayman Islands
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Guinea
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Lao PDR 11.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Marshall Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Timor-Leste
Palau
Tuvalu
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Belarus
Eritrea
Aruba
Myanmar
Armenia
Hungary
Macedonia, FYR
Tanzania
Poland
Kyrgyz Republic
West Bank and Gaza
Turkmenistan
Macao SAR, China 141.0 146.6 144.4
Ukraine
Luxembourg
Monaco
Romania
Guam
Russian Federation
Angola
Haiti
Azerbaijan
Samoa 52.0 59.0 64.1
St. Martin (French part)
San Marino
Andorra
Sao Tome and Principe
Montenegro
Lithuania
Middle East (developing only)
Liechtenstein
Tajikistan
Serbia
Djibouti
Faeroe Islands
Czech Republic
Brazil
Isle of Man
Vietnam
American Samoa
Moldova
Turks and Caicos Islands
Slovak Republic
Croatia
Slovenia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Libya
Albania
Somalia
Uzbekistan
Estonia
Cambodia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Puerto Rico
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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