Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
India 12.0 11.8 10.5 11.7 10.6
Argentina 23.6 15.4 11.9 16.0 13.8
United States 15.9 14.1 13.1 14.1 13.1
Ethiopia 15.3 15.4 14.9 16.8 14.0
Paraguay 17.2 19.8 15.6 22.6 27.2
Bangladesh 17.2 17.5 16.4 19.9 15.9
Madagascar 24.0 20.6 18.5 23.8 23.7
Brazil 18.0 14.6 19.0 20.2 17.9
China 22.6 20.4 19.1 20.7 22.6
Colombia 22.3 21.8 20.6 20.8 22.0
Burkina Faso 23.2 23.0 21.8 22.7 26.0
Ecuador 21.5 22.6 22.4 25.0 27.2
Japan 24.5 24.2 22.4 23.6 22.2
Nepal 22.4 20.2 22.8 21.1 23.4
Sudan 23.2 19.2 23.4 17.7 9.2
Australia 27.0 24.8 23.5 25.4 26.9
Mozambique 30.6 29.5 23.7 18.9 11.2
Central African Republic 25.0 30.7 23.8 27.1 23.7
Burundi 24.4 29.7 24.2 29.3 26.2
Turkey 19.2 22.6 24.3 29.8 28.7
Bolivia 31.0 24.7 24.6 19.7 24.4
Guatemala 33.9 28.8 25.2 25.4 23.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 26.4 25.7 25.5 20.0 14.3
Mexico 20.7 24.1 25.8 26.1 24.9
Venezuela, RB 45.1 38.5 25.9 42.5 38.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 24.7 21.2 26.3 39.5 43.1
Rwanda 25.9 26.8 27.0 26.6 25.0
Sierra Leone 42.9 31.6 28.0 26.7 32.8
Greece 24.9 26.2 28.1 29.7 30.7
Spain 25.9 26.6 28.7 30.5 30.1
Pakistan 30.3 25.6 29.3 27.0 27.7
Cameroon 33.2 31.1 29.8 25.6 23.0
Zimbabwe 38.7 34.1 30.1 35.5 38.0
Peru 30.4 29.2 31.1 29.3 29.5
Chad 21.8 20.0 31.5 33.9 22.1
Dominican Republic 46.9 33.6 32.3 28.1 59.8
Uganda 44.0 33.3 33.4 20.5 20.3
Niger 44.5 39.6 34.6 37.4 43.6
Italy 39.9 37.8 34.6 36.6 36.5
Chile 33.7 31.6 35.0 37.6 41.7
Benin 44.7 38.5 35.1 43.3 50.7
Panama 43.3 40.7 35.4 33.2 32.0
France 36.8 36.2 35.7 37.9 37.8
Morocco 39.7 37.3 35.8 42.3 42.1
Uruguay 25.9 23.2 35.9 35.3 34.2
Syrian Arab Republic 46.9 37.1 36.8 34.1 34.2
Kenya 44.9 41.4 37.0 41.2 39.0
Philippines 39.7 35.6 38.7 37.3 32.8
Guinea-Bissau 41.4 37.5 39.1 46.9 50.0
United Kingdom 37.9 38.2 39.2 43.0 43.0
South Africa 50.2 45.1 39.9 38.9 41.2
Mali 33.7 35.8 39.9 33.3 30.3
Canada 46.7 41.3 41.6 47.5 47.3
Thailand 48.7 42.3 41.6 42.6 42.1
Germany 42.6 42.9 42.0 45.0 46.9
French Polynesia 45.7 42.6 42.6 41.0 39.1
Indonesia 38.4 41.3 43.9 40.8 33.0
Malawi 51.9 46.0 44.1 48.4 47.2
New Zealand 46.5 47.0 44.2 54.1 47.5
Bermuda 47.6 46.8 45.1 46.2 41.0
Nicaragua 60.9 48.2 45.6 39.6 47.2
El Salvador 51.9 45.8 46.4 46.3 43.2
Costa Rica 84.5 67.5 46.8 45.7 43.2
Algeria 57.9 52.9 47.1 43.0 39.1
Portugal 43.6 45.0 47.1 52.2 49.2
Comoros 42.0 49.5 47.5 46.5 45.4
Honduras 60.6 46.9 47.9 48.7 45.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 51.6 47.7 47.9 45.4 42.7
Austria 52.0 49.4 48.4 52.1 55.2
Switzerland 53.1 49.1 49.3 52.2 54.1
Finland 53.7 50.1 49.7 48.9 48.0
Zambia 58.4 57.5 50.8 50.8 63.8
Norway 53.3 52.8 51.1 52.8 54.3
Sweden 45.0 48.2 51.7 51.8 52.4
Bhutan 60.1 57.1 53.1 53.8 61.6
Israel 68.6 60.7 53.5 60.0 68.1
Denmark 54.9 53.6 53.7 55.5 56.8
Iraq 81.4 74.6 54.1 47.0 47.2
New Caledonia 77.2 70.0 55.7 65.1 72.4
Sri Lanka 66.6 60.0 55.8 54.9 52.5
Iceland 54.5 50.4 55.9 54.7 57.2
Korea, Rep. 62.2 56.5 55.9 59.9 59.2
Mongolia 50.8 52.9 56.4 78.6 81.6
Cote d'Ivoire 58.3 59.9 57.5 61.4 70.9
Kiribati 61.4 53.9 57.8 101.2 89.2
Togo 66.7 69.5 58.1 64.5 62.7
United Arab Emirates 64.9 60.5 58.9 56.1 57.5
Samoa 52.0 59.0 64.1 70.1
Senegal 49.6 49.5 59.2 59.7 46.9
Ghana 51.4 39.1 59.3 25.7 32.9
Tunisia 74.6 66.5 59.4 60.2 53.4
Jamaica 82.1 65.2 61.1 79.8 79.8
Congo, Rep. 63.1 81.5 61.4 82.1 78.0
Cuba 59.3 59.9 61.4 59.8 60.9
Trinidad and Tobago 98.5 83.2 63.6 52.8 49.8
Nigeria 63.4 55.0 63.8 74.5 74.2
Cabo Verde 53.1 54.0 65.0 65.1 65.3
Mauritania 70.3 67.8 65.8 68.6 89.0
Saudi Arabia 84.2 78.1 65.8 59.6 49.2
Fiji 83.4 74.2 70.3 66.4 65.6
Tonga 77.1 74.1 70.6 77.8 76.6
Equatorial Guinea 103.5 97.1 72.0 65.6 59.6
Jordan 88.9 85.3 73.5 71.2 70.5
Seychelles 71.0 76.4 73.6 75.3 75.2
Mauritius 78.0 76.5 73.7 80.7 88.7
Qatar 83.2 82.8 74.2 84.6 74.1
Grenada 83.1 78.8 75.1 67.2 71.8
Papua New Guinea 84.0 81.9 75.4 78.4 79.2
Solomon Islands 83.8 68.5 75.5 68.0 65.9
Barbados 68.7 69.4 75.8 77.7 68.0
Gambia, The 69.9 68.0 76.4 84.0 60.3
Namibia 103.2 92.8 76.6 80.8 81.0
Gabon 78.8 83.7 79.2 76.8 84.0
Cyprus 82.8 81.8 79.7 85.0 70.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 91.1 74.7 81.1 75.1 66.9
Netherlands 83.9 83.1 83.4 90.1 94.0
Antigua and Barbuda 121.3 116.0 84.2 86.4 90.7
Vanuatu 91.1 83.6 84.5 83.4 80.8
Ireland 88.4 82.6 85.4 96.0 95.7
Guyana 138.5 111.8 85.8 96.7 95.3
Oman 97.9 96.5 86.6 83.4 83.3
Malaysia 93.4 91.1 90.1 90.3 88.9
Dominica 104.2 99.9 90.1 93.5 84.2
Kuwait 91.9 88.7 90.4 85.3 76.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 80.3 85.3 90.8 97.0 97.5
Malta 105.3 97.2 94.0 100.8 103.7
Suriname 117.9 103.0 95.0 81.2 71.9
Belize 145.7 122.2 100.5 117.1 116.2
Liberia 115.5 102.4 102.1 96.1 84.6
Brunei Darussalam 106.1 106.4 106.5 101.3 101.8
Greenland 110.2 111.8 107.2 116.8 113.8
Botswana 111.2 112.6 116.9 109.4 117.3
Maldives 89.3 110.6 121.0 64.8 59.8
Belgium 112.2 119.4 122.4 128.1 126.7
St. Lucia 114.9 114.2 128.8 85.2 96.2
Bulgaria 107.2 116.0 144.1 146.9 153.4
Lesotho 130.4 171.6 145.2 155.1 147.8
Macao SAR, China 141.0 146.6 144.4 137.8
Swaziland 172.3 158.3 154.0 138.9 139.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 154.3 143.1 156.7 175.4 171.6
Bahrain 244.3 203.1 175.1 171.1 164.4
Bahamas, The 353.3 319.4 277.1 186.9 89.4
Singapore 342.5 304.5 281.2 267.2 256.5
Cambodia
Kazakhstan
Palau
Macedonia, FYR
Isle of Man
Somalia
Hungary
Marshall Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Haiti
Slovenia
Guinea
South Sudan
Poland
Lithuania
Guam
Moldova
Puerto Rico
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Czech Republic
Montenegro
Tajikistan
Slovak Republic
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Libya
Croatia
Myanmar
Cayman Islands
Turkmenistan
Liechtenstein
Tuvalu
St. Martin (French part)
Ukraine
Monaco
Andorra
Luxembourg
Albania
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Romania
Timor-Leste
Tanzania
Russian Federation
Georgia
Belarus
Azerbaijan
Faroe Islands
San Marino
Aruba
Sao Tome and Principe
Turks and Caicos Islands
Estonia
Armenia
Eritrea
Angola 54.5
Serbia
American Samoa
Djibouti 63.1
Uzbekistan
Vietnam 18.1
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 11.7 10.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep.
Afghanistan 45.4
Lebanon

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