Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Sudan 9.2 8.1 6.7 10.1 13.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 15.1 8.9 16.8 17.3 24.5
India 10.6 9.8 9.9 10.8 12.1
Argentina 13.8 10.4 11.0 11.5 18.0
Vietnam 18.1 11.2 9.0 14.9 71.7
Mozambique 11.2 11.9 31.4 40.1 39.5
United States 13.1 13.3 13.9 14.9 15.1
Lao PDR 10.4 13.6 25.6 42.7 34.7
Brazil 17.9 14.1 14.6 15.0 12.7
Ethiopia 14.0 15.8 13.5 14.3 12.3
Bangladesh 16.4 16.2 15.9 16.9 18.5
Japan 22.2 16.5 15.4 15.0 16.0
Uganda 20.3 18.9 18.6 17.8 10.3
Madagascar 23.7 20.5 24.7 26.0 26.3
Central African Republic 23.7 20.8 27.8 26.2 23.0
Nepal 23.4 21.1 24.4 25.0 20.9
Cameroon 23.0 23.4 20.6 17.6 26.4
Paraguay 27.2 23.6 25.1 26.6 38.5
Burkina Faso 26.0 24.0 24.9 22.8 18.6
Turkey 28.7 24.5 27.9 28.6 25.6
China 22.7 24.8 30.6 33.2 32.5
Spain 30.1 24.8 26.2 26.7 28.0
Colombia 22.0 25.7 24.6 25.6 27.1
Ecuador 27.2 26.0 30.0 29.9 30.3
Australia 26.9 26.7 29.6 29.4 27.4
Algeria 39.1 26.8 22.9 26.2 34.2
Pakistan 27.7 27.5 30.0 28.9 29.5
Rwanda 25.0 27.7 21.6 20.0 17.5
Guatemala 23.0 27.7 34.4 32.9 32.8
Panama 32.0 28.1 29.5 21.7 26.7
Chad 22.1 29.1 28.8 25.1 27.6
Venezuela, RB 38.9 29.1 44.6 39.3 50.1
Burundi 26.2 29.6 26.8 31.1 23.8
Greece 30.6 30.0 29.9 23.2 29.8
Mexico 24.9 30.4 33.7 32.8 32.1
Syrian Arab Republic 34.2 30.5 33.6 33.6 51.5
Italy 36.5 30.8 30.2 30.0 31.7
France 37.8 32.8 32.7 33.9 36.1
Bolivia 24.4 33.1 30.7 25.9 30.4
Peru 29.5 33.2 28.1 38.7 25.1
Uruguay 34.2 33.3 31.6 31.2 33.2
Ghana 32.9 33.3 42.0 36.8 43.6
Morocco 42.1 33.4 34.2 34.0 34.8
Indonesia 33.0 33.5 39.5 36.8 38.1
French Polynesia 39.1 33.8 35.9 32.9 33.3
Philippines 32.8 34.0 38.5 41.6 44.5
Comoros 45.4 35.1 32.6 35.7 30.7
Niger 43.6 36.0 27.9 29.6 27.8
Senegal 46.9 37.9 32.3 33.5 39.0
Angola 53.6 38.0 47.0 48.8 46.9
Nicaragua 47.2 38.3 28.6 39.5 91.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 43.1 38.6 46.8 45.9 48.1
Kenya 39.0 38.9 34.1 36.5 37.6
Mali 32.1 39.0 28.6 36.9 37.3
United Kingdom 43.3 39.1 39.0 37.6 38.9
Zimbabwe 38.0 39.1 39.0 37.7 38.2
New Zealand 47.9 39.4 36.2 35.7 40.3
South Africa 41.2 39.5 35.1 35.4 32.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 42.7 40.2 50.8 82.8 51.3
Iraq 47.2 40.7 33.6 34.5 40.9
Costa Rica 43.2 41.4 43.5 43.8 45.6
Germany 46.9 41.7 40.4 41.1 43.8
Thailand 42.1 41.9 48.8 58.8 63.5
Malawi 47.2 42.9 48.3 50.3 48.4
Bermuda 41.0 43.0 34.6 36.7 39.0
Chile 41.7 43.0 46.0 50.1 53.6
Benin 50.7 43.0 39.0 49.0 42.5
Finland 48.0 43.1 43.3 39.3 40.1
Portugal 49.2 43.6 48.3 51.2 52.6
Nigeria 74.2 44.3 46.8 49.8 58.5
El Salvador 43.2 44.8 40.0 38.6 37.9
Saudi Arabia 49.2 45.2 50.5 52.3 52.0
Honduras 45.8 45.4 39.0 44.9 51.3
Canada 47.3 46.8 44.5 45.4 42.9
Sweden 52.4 47.1 47.2 46.7 46.8
Sri Lanka 52.5 48.0 51.3 53.6 53.4
Togo 62.7 48.6 53.5 52.9 53.0
Maldives 59.8 49.3 79.3 77.1 83.4
Jordan 70.5 49.4 53.9 59.8 76.6
Norway 55.3 49.7 47.7 45.6 50.3
Austria 55.2 50.0 48.4 50.6 53.4
United Arab Emirates 57.5 50.3 53.9 56.7 66.6
Denmark 56.8 50.3 46.9 48.4 51.5
Switzerland 54.1 50.9 49.8 51.3 54.4
Guinea 51.0 49.6 46.8 48.7
Tunisia 53.4 51.6 53.4 60.3 72.3
Guinea-Bissau 50.0 53.8 50.0 49.9 38.9
New Caledonia 72.4 54.0 57.2 51.5 65.9
Dominican Republic 59.8 54.2 67.2 85.5 81.6
Iceland 57.0 55.0 53.1 48.9 48.5
Korea, Rep. 59.2 55.4 58.5 55.6 49.8
Cyprus 70.9 55.7 55.4 59.9 67.5
Sierra Leone 32.8 56.3 38.1 24.8 34.4
Jamaica 79.8 56.7 59.1 59.3 64.0
Trinidad and Tobago 49.8 57.1 55.9 56.5 64.8
Samoa 70.1 57.5 66.2 68.4 71.6
Cabo Verde 65.3 58.2 45.9 41.2 44.5
Qatar 74.1 58.3 57.8 57.6 61.8
Cote d'Ivoire 70.9 59.1 54.3 47.3 50.4
Seychelles 75.2 59.7 54.2 67.3 65.3
Fiji 65.6 59.8 64.4 80.5 90.9
Israel 68.1 60.5 64.3 56.4 57.0
Gabon 84.0 62.8 61.5 51.8 56.5
Bhutan 61.6 63.1 56.1 71.2 58.0
Vanuatu 80.8 63.2 66.5 59.9 64.4
Cuba 60.9 63.9 51.6 47.7 47.7
Mongolia 81.6 64.0 60.3 57.8 47.1
Solomon Islands 65.9 65.5 60.8 57.9 56.9
Barbados 80.0 65.5 46.2 49.0 50.4
Tonga 76.6 68.9 66.1 58.1 59.2
Zambia 63.8 70.0 74.6 54.0 56.4
Mauritania 89.0 72.4 72.9 62.0 67.1
Bahamas, The 89.4 72.7 65.4 58.5 80.4
Kuwait 76.9 73.2 61.5 66.7 73.1
Oman 83.3 73.8 73.5 66.9 67.2
Suriname 71.9 74.3 61.2 65.5 181.4
Congo, Rep. 78.0 74.3 65.4 59.4 59.8
Gambia, The 60.2 74.9 75.7 73.5 66.2
Kiribati 89.2 77.8 83.6 87.5 94.7
Netherlands 94.3 78.9 76.5 78.7 83.7
Liberia 84.6 79.8 70.9 64.3 138.0
Papua New Guinea 79.2 79.8 74.0 76.4 82.7
Grenada 71.8 79.9 72.4 67.7 59.6
Ireland 95.9 84.6 87.5 90.9 97.2
Malaysia 87.3 87.0 95.2 106.8 122.4
Dominica 84.2 88.3 90.2 98.8 99.1
Guyana 95.3 90.2 143.0 107.8 127.7
Mauritius 88.7 91.1 99.4 105.2 105.5
Antigua and Barbuda 90.7 92.3 92.9 78.8 55.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 91.0 93.5 98.9 95.5 91.4
Malta 103.7 96.4 99.6 102.4 109.6
Belize 116.2 102.3 89.0 94.3 93.9
Namibia 81.0 102.5 95.4 92.8 93.5
Greenland 113.8 102.8 108.3 101.3 87.9
Brunei Darussalam 101.8 104.0 92.3 91.1 91.8
St. Lucia 96.2 107.2 106.4 122.3 122.9
Botswana 117.3 113.1 128.4 100.6 108.9
Equatorial Guinea 59.6 113.9 107.1 109.4 103.1
Belgium 126.9 114.1 110.9 113.3 120.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 125.8 118.0 106.1 125.8 113.9
Lesotho 147.8 130.8 139.7 151.5 151.3
Macao SAR, China 137.8 139.9 141.2 133.8 126.0
Swaziland 139.3 140.7 146.9 142.2 155.7
Bulgaria 153.4 144.8 112.6 147.8 144.4
Bahrain 164.4 150.9 151.6 135.2 154.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 171.6 175.3 196.4 224.1 219.5
Singapore 264.6 255.9 283.5 313.7 300.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Djibouti 63.1 62.4 56.6 54.2
Cayman Islands
Azerbaijan
Luxembourg
Macedonia, FYR
Palau
Hungary
Poland
Timor-Leste
Lithuania
Tuvalu
Puerto Rico
Isle of Man
Liechtenstein
Moldova
Romania 49.4 47.1 45.7
Monaco
Russian Federation
Tanzania 21.5 30.7
Belarus
Czech Republic
Libya
Turkmenistan
San Marino
Ukraine
Sao Tome and Principe
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Marshall Islands
Croatia
Afghanistan
St. Martin (French part)
Serbia
Curacao
Kyrgyz Republic
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kosovo
Haiti
Armenia
Tajikistan
Andorra
Guam
Cambodia
Montenegro
Albania
Georgia
West Bank and Gaza
Faeroe Islands
Myanmar
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kazakhstan
Aruba
South Sudan
Estonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Eritrea
Slovak Republic
Uzbekistan
Slovenia
American Samoa
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 95.5 100.1

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