Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Sudan 17.7 9.2 8.1 6.7 10.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.2 15.1 8.9 16.8 17.3
India 11.7 10.6 9.8 9.9 10.8
Argentina 16.0 13.8 10.4 11.0 11.5
Vietnam 18.1 11.2 9.0 14.9
Mozambique 18.9 11.2 11.9 31.4 40.1
United States 14.1 13.1 13.3 13.9 14.9
Lao PDR 11.7 10.4 13.6 25.6 42.7
Brazil 20.2 17.9 14.1 14.6 15.0
Ethiopia 17.1 14.2 16.1 13.7 14.5
Bangladesh 19.1 16.4 16.2 15.9 16.9
Japan 23.6 22.2 16.5 15.4 15.0
Uganda 20.5 20.3 18.9 18.6 17.8
Madagascar 23.8 23.7 20.5 24.7 26.0
Central African Republic 27.1 23.7 20.8 27.8 26.2
Nepal 21.1 23.4 21.1 24.4 25.0
Cameroon 25.6 23.0 23.4 20.6 17.6
Paraguay 22.6 27.2 23.6 25.1 26.6
Burkina Faso 22.7 26.0 24.0 24.9 22.8
Turkey 29.8 28.7 24.5 27.9 28.6
China 20.8 22.7 24.8 30.6 33.2
Spain 31.4 30.9 25.5 26.9 27.4
Colombia 20.8 22.0 25.7 24.6 25.6
Ecuador 25.0 27.2 26.0 30.0 29.9
Australia 25.3 26.9 26.7 29.5 29.3
Algeria 43.0 39.1 26.8 22.9 26.2
Peru 25.3 25.2 27.4 23.7 46.9
Pakistan 27.0 27.7 27.5 30.0 28.9
Rwanda 26.6 25.0 27.7 21.6 20.0
Guatemala 25.4 23.0 27.7 34.4 32.9
Panama 33.2 32.0 28.1 29.5 21.7
Chad 33.9 22.1 29.1 28.8 25.1
Venezuela, RB 42.5 38.9 29.1 44.6 39.3
Burundi 29.3 26.2 29.6 26.8 31.1
Mexico 26.1 24.9 30.4 33.7 32.8
Syrian Arab Republic 34.1 34.2 30.5 33.6 33.6
Poland 31.4 31.5 36.1 38.1
Greece 31.1 32.2 31.6 31.5 24.4
Italy 37.9 37.7 31.9 31.2 31.0
Bolivia 19.7 24.4 33.1 30.7 25.9
Uruguay 35.3 34.2 33.3 31.6 31.2
Ghana 25.7 32.9 33.3 42.0 36.8
Indonesia 40.8 33.0 33.5 39.5 36.8
France 38.7 38.6 33.5 33.4 34.6
French Polynesia 41.0 39.1 33.8 35.9 32.9
Philippines 37.3 32.8 34.0 38.5 41.6
Comoros 46.5 45.4 35.1 32.6 35.7
Niger 37.4 43.6 36.0 27.9 29.6
Morocco 47.0 46.7 36.8 37.6 37.7
Senegal 59.7 46.9 37.9 32.3 33.5
Angola 53.6 38.0 47.0 48.8
Nicaragua 39.6 47.2 38.3 28.6 39.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 39.5 43.1 38.6 46.8 45.9
Kenya 41.2 39.0 38.9 34.1 36.5
Mali 31.3 32.1 39.0 28.6 36.9
Zimbabwe 35.5 38.0 39.1 39.0 37.7
New Zealand 54.7 47.9 39.4 36.1 36.0
South Africa 38.9 41.2 39.5 35.1 35.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 45.4 42.7 40.2 50.8 82.8
United Kingdom 45.3 45.3 40.9 40.8 39.3
Costa Rica 45.7 43.2 41.4 43.5 43.8
Thailand 42.6 42.1 41.9 48.8 58.8
Germany 46.3 48.3 42.9 41.6 42.3
Malawi 48.4 47.2 42.9 48.3 50.3
Bermuda 46.2 41.0 43.0 34.6 36.7
Chile 37.6 41.7 43.0 46.0 50.1
Benin 43.3 50.7 43.0 39.0 49.0
Finland 49.7 48.8 43.8 44.1 40.0
Portugal 52.9 49.9 44.2 49.0 51.9
Nigeria 74.5 74.2 44.3 46.8 49.8
El Salvador 46.3 43.2 44.8 40.0 38.6
Saudi Arabia 59.7 49.2 45.2 50.5 52.3
Honduras 48.7 45.8 45.4 39.0 44.9
Canada 47.5 47.3 46.8 44.5 45.4
Sri Lanka 54.9 52.5 48.0 51.3 53.6
Togo 64.5 62.7 48.6 53.5 52.9
Sweden 53.9 54.5 49.0 49.1 48.6
Maldives 64.8 59.8 49.3 79.3 77.1
Jordan 71.2 70.5 49.4 53.9 59.8
Norway 53.6 55.3 49.7 47.7 45.6
United Arab Emirates 56.1 57.5 50.3 53.9 56.7
Austria 52.6 55.7 50.4 48.7 51.0
Guinea 51.0 49.6 46.8
Denmark 56.5 57.7 51.1 47.7 49.2
Tunisia 60.2 53.4 51.6 53.4 60.3
Switzerland 55.1 57.0 53.7 52.6 54.1
Guinea-Bissau 46.9 50.0 53.8 50.0 49.9
New Caledonia 65.1 72.4 54.0 57.2 51.5
Dominican Republic 28.1 59.8 54.2 67.2 85.5
Korea, Rep. 59.9 59.2 55.4 58.5 55.6
Cyprus 85.0 70.9 55.7 55.4 59.9
Sierra Leone 26.7 32.8 56.3 38.1 24.8
Iceland 56.0 58.5 56.4 54.5 50.2
Jamaica 79.8 79.8 56.7 59.1 59.3
Trinidad and Tobago 52.8 49.8 57.1 55.9 56.5
Cabo Verde 65.1 65.3 58.2 45.9 41.2
Qatar 84.6 74.1 58.3 57.8 57.6
Cote d'Ivoire 61.4 70.9 59.1 54.3 47.3
Seychelles 75.3 75.2 59.7 54.2 67.3
Fiji 66.4 65.6 59.8 64.4 80.5
Israel 60.0 68.1 60.5 64.3 56.4
Gabon 76.8 84.0 62.8 61.5 51.8
Bhutan 53.8 61.6 63.1 56.1 71.2
Vanuatu 83.4 80.8 63.2 66.5 59.9
Cuba 59.8 60.9 63.9 51.6 47.7
Mongolia 78.6 81.6 64.0 60.3 57.8
Samoa 71.9 78.7 64.5 74.3 76.8
Solomon Islands 68.0 65.9 65.5 60.8 57.9
Barbados 91.4 80.0 65.5 46.2 49.0
Tonga 77.8 76.6 68.9 66.1 58.1
Zambia 50.8 63.8 70.0 74.6 54.0
Mauritania 68.6 89.0 72.4 72.9 62.0
Bahamas, The 186.9 89.4 72.7 65.4 58.5
Kuwait 85.3 76.9 73.2 61.5 66.7
Oman 83.4 83.3 73.8 73.5 66.9
Suriname 81.2 71.9 74.3 61.2 65.5
Congo, Rep. 82.1 78.0 74.3 65.4 59.4
Gambia, The 84.0 60.2 74.9 75.7 73.5
Kiribati 101.2 89.2 77.8 83.6 87.5
Hungary 82.2 80.8 79.0 74.5 67.8
Liberia 96.1 84.6 79.8 70.9 64.3
Papua New Guinea 78.4 79.2 79.8 74.0 76.4
Grenada 67.2 71.8 79.9 72.4 67.7
Netherlands 96.0 100.2 83.8 81.2 83.5
Ireland 97.8 97.6 86.1 89.0 92.4
Malaysia 88.7 87.3 87.0 95.2 106.8
Dominica 93.5 84.2 88.3 90.2 98.8
Guyana 96.7 95.3 90.2 143.0 107.8
Mauritius 80.7 88.7 91.1 99.4 105.2
Antigua and Barbuda 86.4 90.7 92.3 92.9 78.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 102.8 91.0 93.5 98.9 95.5
Malta 100.8 103.7 96.4 99.6 102.4
Belize 117.1 116.2 102.3 89.0 94.3
Namibia 80.8 81.0 102.5 95.4 92.8
Greenland 116.8 113.8 102.8 108.3 101.3
Brunei Darussalam 101.3 101.8 104.0 92.3 91.1
St. Lucia 85.2 96.2 107.2 106.4 122.3
Botswana 109.4 117.3 113.1 128.4 100.6
Equatorial Guinea 65.6 59.6 113.9 107.1 109.4
Belgium 130.4 129.0 115.9 112.7 115.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 126.6 125.8 118.0 106.1 125.8
Lesotho 155.1 147.8 130.8 139.7 151.5
Macao SAR, China 144.4 137.8 139.9 141.2 133.8
Swaziland 138.9 139.3 140.7 146.9 142.2
Bulgaria 146.9 153.4 144.8 112.6 147.8
Bahrain 171.1 164.4 150.9 151.6 135.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 175.4 171.6 175.3 196.4 224.1
Singapore 269.8 264.6 255.9 283.5 313.7
Monaco
Cayman Islands
Turkmenistan
Marshall Islands
Tanzania 21.5
Belarus
Isle of Man
Luxembourg
Curacao
Puerto Rico
Czech Republic
Lithuania
Macedonia, FYR
Romania 49.4 47.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Russian Federation
Croatia
Liechtenstein
Haiti
Libya
Timor-Leste
San Marino
Djibouti 63.1 62.4 56.6
Sao Tome and Principe
Tuvalu
Palau
Kazakhstan
Cambodia
Iraq
Serbia
St. Martin (French part)
Afghanistan
Azerbaijan
Kyrgyz Republic
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ukraine
Montenegro
Estonia
Tajikistan
Andorra
Guam
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Myanmar
Albania
Georgia
West Bank and Gaza
Aruba
Moldova
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
Armenia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Faeroe Islands
Slovak Republic
Eritrea
Slovenia
Uzbekistan
Kosovo
American Samoa
Somalia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 95.5

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