Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Sudan 9.2 8.1 6.7 10.1 13.1
India 10.6 9.8 9.9 10.8 12.1
Argentina 13.8 10.4 11.0 11.5 18.0
Ethiopia 14.0 15.8 13.5 14.3 12.3
United States 13.1 13.3 13.9 14.9 15.1
Vietnam 18.1 11.2 9.0 14.9 71.7
Japan 22.2 16.5 15.4 15.0 16.0
Brazil 10.2 15.7 12.7
Bangladesh 15.9 15.7 15.4 16.3 17.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 15.1 8.9 16.8 17.3 24.5
Cameroon 23.0 23.4 20.6 17.6 26.4
Uganda 20.3 18.9 18.6 17.8 10.3
Rwanda 25.0 27.7 21.6 20.0 17.5
Tanzania 21.5 30.7
Panama 32.0 28.1 29.5 21.7 26.7
Burkina Faso 26.0 24.0 24.9 22.8 18.6
Greece 30.6 30.0 29.9 23.2 29.8
Sierra Leone 32.8 56.3 38.1 24.8 34.4
Nepal 23.4 21.1 24.4 25.0 20.9
Chad 22.1 29.1 28.8 25.1 27.6
Colombia 22.0 25.7 24.6 25.6 27.1
Bolivia 24.4 33.1 30.7 25.9 30.4
Madagascar 23.7 20.5 24.7 26.0 26.3
Central African Republic 23.7 20.8 27.8 26.2 23.0
Algeria 39.1 26.8 22.9 26.2 34.2
Paraguay 27.2 23.6 25.1 26.6 38.5
Spain 30.1 24.8 26.2 26.7 28.0
Turkey 28.7 24.5 27.9 28.6 25.6
Pakistan 27.7 27.5 30.0 28.9 29.5
Australia 26.9 26.7 29.6 29.4 27.4
Niger 43.6 36.0 27.9 29.6 27.8
Ecuador 27.2 26.0 30.0 29.9 30.3
Italy 36.5 30.8 30.2 30.0 31.7
Burundi 26.2 29.6 26.8 31.1 23.8
Uruguay 34.2 33.3 31.6 31.2 33.2
Mexico 24.9 30.4 33.7 32.8 32.1
French Polynesia 39.1 33.8 35.9 32.9 33.3
Guatemala 23.0 27.7 34.4 32.9 32.8
China 22.6 24.7 30.5 33.1 32.3
Senegal 46.9 37.9 32.3 33.5 39.0
Syrian Arab Republic 34.2 30.5 33.6 33.6 51.5
France 37.8 32.8 32.7 33.9 36.1
Morocco 42.1 33.4 34.2 34.0 34.8
Iraq 47.2 40.7 33.6 34.5 40.9
South Africa 41.2 39.5 35.1 35.4 32.6
Comoros 45.4 35.1 32.6 35.7 30.7
New Zealand 47.5 39.0 35.8 35.7 40.2
Kenya 39.0 38.9 34.1 36.5 37.6
Bermuda 41.0 43.0 34.6 36.7 39.0
United Kingdom 43.0 38.8 38.3 36.8 37.8
Ghana 32.9 33.3 42.0 36.8 43.6
Indonesia 33.0 33.5 39.5 36.8 38.1
Mali 32.1 39.0 28.6 36.9 37.3
Zimbabwe 38.0 39.1 39.0 37.7 38.2
El Salvador 43.2 44.8 40.0 38.6 37.9
Peru 29.5 33.2 28.1 38.7 25.1
Finland 48.0 43.1 43.3 39.3 40.1
Venezuela, RB 38.9 29.1 44.6 39.3 50.1
Nicaragua 47.2 38.3 28.6 39.5 91.4
Mozambique 11.2 11.9 31.4 40.1 39.5
Germany 46.9 41.7 40.4 41.1 43.8
Cabo Verde 65.3 58.2 45.9 41.2 44.5
Philippines 32.8 34.0 38.5 41.6 44.5
Lao PDR 10.4 13.6 25.6 42.7 34.7
Costa Rica 43.2 41.4 43.5 43.8 45.6
Norway 54.3 48.8 46.8 44.8 49.4
Honduras 45.8 45.4 39.0 44.9 51.3
Canada 47.3 46.8 44.5 45.4 42.9
Sweden 52.4 47.1 47.2 46.7 46.8
Guinea 51.0 49.6 46.8 48.7
Romania 49.4 47.1 45.7
Cote d'Ivoire 70.9 59.1 54.3 47.3 50.4
Cuba 60.9 63.9 51.6 47.7 47.7
Denmark 56.8 50.3 46.9 48.4 51.5
Iceland 57.0 55.0 53.1 48.9 48.5
Barbados 80.0 65.5 46.2 49.0 50.4
Benin 50.7 43.0 39.0 49.0 42.5
Nigeria 74.2 44.3 46.8 49.8 58.5
Guinea-Bissau 50.0 53.8 50.0 49.9 38.9
Chile 41.7 43.0 46.0 50.1 53.6
Malawi 47.2 42.9 48.3 50.3 48.4
Austria 55.2 50.0 48.4 50.6 53.4
Portugal 49.2 43.6 48.3 51.2 52.6
Switzerland 54.1 50.9 49.8 51.3 54.4
New Caledonia 72.4 54.0 57.2 51.5 65.9
Gabon 84.0 62.8 61.5 51.8 56.5
Saudi Arabia 49.2 45.2 50.5 52.3 52.0
Togo 62.7 48.6 53.5 52.9 53.0
Sri Lanka 52.5 48.0 51.3 53.6 53.4
Zambia 63.8 70.0 74.6 54.0 56.4
Korea, Rep. 59.2 55.4 58.5 55.6 49.8
Israel 68.1 60.5 64.3 56.4 57.0
Trinidad and Tobago 49.8 57.1 55.9 56.5 64.8
Djibouti 63.1 62.4 56.6 54.2
United Arab Emirates 57.5 50.3 53.9 56.7 66.6
Qatar 74.1 58.3 57.8 57.6 61.8
Mongolia 81.6 64.0 60.3 57.8 47.1
Solomon Islands 65.9 65.5 60.8 57.9 56.9
Tonga 76.6 68.9 66.1 58.1 59.2
Angola 54.7 36.3 52.1 58.3 43.5
Bahamas, The 89.4 72.7 65.4 58.5 80.4
Thailand 42.1 41.9 48.8 58.8 63.5
Jamaica 79.8 56.7 59.1 59.3 64.0
Congo, Rep. 78.0 74.3 65.4 59.4 59.8
Jordan 70.5 49.4 53.9 59.8 76.6
Vanuatu 80.8 63.2 66.5 59.9 64.4
Cyprus 70.9 55.7 55.4 59.9 67.5
Tunisia 53.4 51.6 53.4 60.3 72.3
Mauritania 89.0 72.4 72.9 62.0 67.1
Liberia 84.6 79.8 70.9 64.3 138.0
Suriname 71.9 74.3 61.2 65.5 181.4
Kuwait 76.9 73.2 61.5 66.7 73.1
Oman 83.3 73.8 73.5 66.9 67.2
Seychelles 75.2 59.7 54.2 67.3 65.3
Grenada 71.8 79.9 72.4 67.7 59.6
Samoa 70.1 57.5 66.2 68.4 71.6
Bhutan 61.6 63.1 56.1 71.2 58.0
Gambia, The 60.2 74.9 75.7 73.5 66.2
Papua New Guinea 79.2 79.8 74.0 76.4 82.7
Maldives 59.8 49.3 79.3 77.1 83.4
Netherlands 94.3 78.9 76.5 78.7 83.7
Antigua and Barbuda 90.7 92.3 92.9 78.8 55.7
Fiji 65.6 59.8 64.4 80.5 90.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 42.7 40.2 50.8 82.8 51.3
Dominican Republic 59.8 54.2 67.2 85.5 81.6
Kiribati 89.2 77.8 83.6 87.5 94.7
Ireland 95.9 84.6 87.5 90.9 97.2
Brunei Darussalam 101.8 104.0 92.3 91.1 91.8
Namibia 81.0 102.5 95.4 92.8 93.5
Belize 116.2 102.3 89.0 94.3 93.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 91.0 93.5 98.9 95.5 91.4
Lebanon 95.5 100.1
Dominica 84.2 88.3 90.2 98.8 99.1
Botswana 117.3 113.1 128.4 100.6 108.9
Greenland 113.8 102.8 108.3 101.3 87.9
Malta 103.7 96.4 99.6 102.4 109.6
Mauritius 88.7 91.1 99.4 105.2 105.5
Malaysia 87.3 87.0 95.2 106.8 122.4
Guyana 95.3 90.2 143.0 107.8 127.7
Equatorial Guinea 59.6 113.9 107.1 109.4 103.1
Belgium 126.9 114.1 110.9 113.3 120.4
St. Lucia 96.2 107.2 106.4 122.3 122.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 125.8 118.0 106.1 125.8 113.9
Macao SAR, China 137.8 139.9 141.2 133.8 126.0
Bahrain 164.4 150.9 151.7 135.2 154.4
Swaziland 139.3 140.7 146.9 142.2 155.7
Bulgaria 153.4 144.8 112.6 147.8 144.4
Lesotho 147.8 130.8 139.7 151.5 151.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 171.6 175.3 196.4 224.1 219.5
Singapore 264.6 255.9 283.5 313.7 300.5
Macedonia, FYR
Poland
Tuvalu
Latvia
Timor-Leste
Puerto Rico
Palau
Kyrgyz Republic
Curacao
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Montenegro
Russian Federation
Faeroe Islands
Kazakhstan
Luxembourg
Isle of Man
Monaco
San Marino
Croatia
Sao Tome and Principe
Cambodia
Hungary
Turkmenistan
Libya
Middle East (developing only)
Serbia
Estonia
Haiti
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
Eritrea
Ukraine
Northern Mariana Islands
Lithuania
Czech Republic
Aruba
Tajikistan
Armenia
Congo, Dem. Rep.
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Marshall Islands
Albania
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Moldova
Turks and Caicos Islands
Georgia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Belarus
Slovak Republic
Azerbaijan
Slovenia
Uzbekistan
Guam
Andorra
Somalia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Myanmar
Yemen, Rep.
South Sudan
Afghanistan

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