Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Brazil 12.8 12.2 13.1 13.0 16.6
Japan 14.6 16.2 17.6 17.1 16.4
Argentina 15.9 17.5 19.4 19.3 17.2
India 17.8 17.8 18.1 17.8 17.7
United States 17.7 17.9 18.4 17.9 18.2
Burundi 33.9 19.1 21.3 25.0 21.3
Cuba 14.5 20.9 22.9 22.2 20.7
Ethiopia 20.4 21.3 19.8 26.6 26.0
Rwanda 22.4 23.0 20.8 17.3 17.2
Bermuda 29.8 23.6 23.0 21.5 23.0
Sudan 12.8 24.0 18.6 22.4 20.5
Bangladesh 26.9 24.3 25.1 25.2 27.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 25.3 24.5 21.8 22.7 21.6
Colombia 25.8 25.0 25.2 25.9 25.8
Peru 25.3 25.6 27.1 25.6 26.2
Haiti 27.1 26.0 25.8 30.0 32.7
Greece 26.9 27.3 26.7 28.4 29.1
Comoros 31.9 27.4 28.6 27.9 28.8
Sierra Leone 20.1 27.4 12.9 15.2 13.0
Uruguay 25.8 27.9 26.9 25.9 23.3
Madagascar 35.9 28.5 34.1 32.9 35.7
Central African Republic 31.0 28.6 32.4 30.7 27.7
Georgia 20.2 28.6 33.7 29.8 29.4
Uganda 26.3 29.4 29.8 29.1 31.0
Mozambique 38.8 30.1 25.2 23.6 30.9
Cameroon 32.6 30.8 32.7 32.9 27.8
Australia 31.1 31.3 29.6 30.2 32.2
French Polynesia 30.1 32.2 32.5 33.5 31.1
Guatemala 37.2 32.8 34.8 37.3 37.0
Gambia, The 25.2 32.9 36.5 29.6 25.0
Tanzania 44.9 33.4 27.2 21.9 21.6
China 38.4 33.7 33.9 31.6 33.1
Burkina Faso 30.7 34.0 33.5 37.5 30.9
Pakistan 32.2 34.0 32.7 28.7 29.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 35.5 35.0 30.9 26.7 29.1
Guinea 41.2 35.1 34.5 34.3 34.4
Italy 37.5 35.2 36.3 36.6 36.5
Chad 42.0 35.5 37.0 35.4 36.4
Spain 34.5 35.6 36.8 40.3 37.9
Panama 39.7 36.5 36.9 38.3 37.9
Turkey 33.8 36.8 39.4 27.1 26.9
France 36.7 37.2 40.2 41.6 42.7
Bolivia 37.6 37.5 38.1 36.3 33.9
Ecuador 34.6 37.6 36.3 34.9 38.0
Nicaragua 34.8 37.6 46.2 44.5 49.6
Albania 37.8 38.1 35.8 38.5 43.8
Niger 35.2 38.9 35.0 38.8 34.6
Tonga 44.9 39.2 39.1 40.8 44.2
Poland 37.3 39.2 43.2 43.4 43.5
Germany 38.1 39.3 43.3 45.3 46.3
Nepal 38.1 39.4 42.7 35.4 40.2
Morocco 45.5 40.1 44.4 43.6 43.5
Russian Federation 35.9 40.2 40.0 49.0 58.8
South Africa 37.6 40.2 42.0 40.4 39.1
Djibouti 38.2 40.7 41.2 43.5 41.3
Indonesia 42.6 40.8 49.9 89.7 60.4
New Zealand 43.2 41.5 43.5 43.7 45.5
Kenya 53.8 41.6 40.7 36.9 35.5
United Kingdom 40.9 41.8 40.9 38.9 38.3
New Caledonia 41.9 42.4 44.7 41.4 48.2
Guinea-Bissau 61.8 42.5 51.0 43.6 45.4
Bahamas, The 41.4 42.8 37.2 40.6 36.9
Paraguay 44.8 43.4 45.1 43.3 31.5
Samoa 46.2 44.0 39.2 41.6 52.2
Tuvalu 53.2 45.3 60.5 78.8 59.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 43.1 45.7 36.4 40.6 29.2
Mali 49.2 46.0 52.5 50.7 54.3
Barbados 44.7 46.2 50.2 43.9 45.6
Korea, Rep. 46.5 46.4 50.1 59.9 54.2
Chile 44.7 47.3 46.8 45.6 45.4
Mexico 44.8 47.3 46.5 49.1 48.7
Algeria 48.7 47.5 46.9 40.7 44.6
Israel 49.0 47.8 47.0 45.5 50.7
Senegal 49.3 47.9 47.9 48.2 50.4
Switzerland 47.3 47.9 53.1 53.9 55.2
Venezuela, RB 41.5 48.3 44.8 36.7 35.8
Kazakhstan 44.5 48.3 48.7 43.6 56.5
Malawi 63.0 48.4 49.5 54.0 63.4
El Salvador 52.4 48.6 55.3 53.4 53.0
Portugal 46.9 48.8 50.4 51.0 50.6
Cambodia 59.3 48.9 52.3 63.0 77.3
Cabo Verde 53.4 49.2 50.8 45.6 43.4
Benin 53.7 50.1 48.7 46.6 47.0
Azerbaijan 42.7 50.1 39.7 37.8 42.9
Denmark 52.3 51.5 54.3 54.2 54.0
Zambia 45.7 52.0 40.3 60.3 55.4
Norway 49.3 52.1 52.2 50.5 49.1
Vanuatu 52.6 52.2 50.4 48.4 46.3
Iceland 49.4 52.3 50.8 52.0 50.5
Croatia 53.0 52.5 54.9 50.3 51.7
Sweden 55.1 52.7 56.1 57.4 56.7
Austria 51.6 53.5 59.1 61.4 63.4
Cyprus 49.6 53.8 51.6 46.5 44.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 49.5 53.8 56.2 56.1 52.0
Dominican Republic 54.7 53.9 57.3 59.4 60.7
Lao PDR 51.0 54.1 61.0 72.1 57.5
Ghana 56.2 54.5 57.5 58.2 67.4
Finland 52.1 54.9 57.6 57.3 55.0
Romania 51.3 55.2 55.9 47.8 53.2
Solomon Islands 62.0 55.4 55.5 52.2 48.9
Saudi Arabia 54.8 56.1 54.2 47.2 48.9
Libya 56.2 56.6 51.4 44.5 33.6
Grenada 52.8 58.4 64.3 69.0 62.7
Canada 59.9 60.1 63.8 66.6 68.0
Macao SAR, China 61.6 60.3 63.4 66.2 71.7
Cote d'Ivoire 61.2 60.5 61.7 60.2 61.1
Zimbabwe 67.2 60.9 66.0 75.2 58.5
Macedonia, FYR 65.7 62.7 80.7 90.3 80.8
Lebanon 69.1 62.8 51.5 44.8 39.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 66.4 62.9 79.8 76.5 75.3
Latvia 53.1 62.9 63.4 65.9 55.8
Kiribati 74.2 63.9 65.6 57.4 69.8
Uzbekistan 46.3 63.9 55.7 45.5 37.2
Nigeria 72.0 64.6 69.0 59.6 62.6
Mongolia 61.2 65.0 87.8 85.8 91.4
Mauritania 65.0 65.2 61.5 57.2 52.9
Philippines 61.8 65.8 77.1 84.4 83.3
Belize 67.6 66.0 70.6 67.8 75.9
Jamaica 73.0 66.6 60.4 49.7 46.9
Tunisia 74.2 67.5 64.9 64.6 62.5
Costa Rica 63.9 67.8 71.7 83.3 81.6
Syrian Arab Republic 72.6 68.0 54.8 44.6 46.0
Sri Lanka 69.9 68.6 69.6 67.8 67.4
St. Lucia 74.2 69.4 65.0 59.3 59.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 65.9 69.6 68.3 61.6 59.3
Greenland 66.6 70.0 64.4 57.7 60.6
Thailand 75.7 70.4 79.7 87.1 88.7
Slovak Republic 67.4 71.7 77.2 79.8 70.8
Armenia 64.4 71.8 68.6 59.3 55.9
Ukraine 59.3 71.8 62.5 65.2 74.2
Bhutan 70.9 72.1 69.7 64.2 71.1
Gabon 72.5 72.7 77.5 67.3 69.4
Hungary 61.4 72.9 85.7 100.3 108.3
Kyrgyz Republic 56.0 73.5 74.3 82.4 84.4
Kuwait 75.7 73.9 74.0 70.0 65.7
Antigua and Barbuda 80.7 74.5 70.4 67.9 69.3
Vietnam 65.6 74.6 77.4 76.7 81.2
Czech Republic 78.0 74.8 80.3 81.7 85.0
Togo 74.2 75.4 71.3 63.5 62.7
Dominica 72.3 76.1 72.0 77.0 72.8
Namibia 76.7 78.3 75.3 75.3 74.5
Oman 75.7 79.0 81.0 80.5 76.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 66.1 79.6 79.2 85.4 86.6
Trinidad and Tobago 78.2 80.6 96.4 87.0 81.4
Qatar 86.6 80.7 78.7 82.3 78.4
Yemen, Rep. 82.8 81.5 66.1 57.9 58.2
Fiji 76.7 81.5 75.8 74.5 77.9
Marshall Islands 81.3 82.5 72.2 67.3 70.9
Slovenia 83.7 82.6 85.4 86.6 82.2
Papua New Guinea 88.6 82.8 78.5 79.5 88.1
Maldives 88.5 84.8 86.3 83.2 83.8
Belarus 74.2 85.3 113.2 102.6 103.7
Botswana 85.7 86.0 101.6 89.9 88.3
Jordan 81.2 88.2 82.0 71.2 68.1
Netherlands 87.3 90.4 97.3 95.0 96.5
United Arab Emirates 79.3 92.3 94.5 87.8 80.8
Mauritius 87.0 92.5 90.3 89.2 88.6
Eritrea 93.4 93.9 84.8 71.9 77.1
Angola 101.4 94.8 99.4 87.2 134.3
Brunei Darussalam 94.9 97.3 89.9 89.1 85.2
Bulgaria 84.3 98.6 88.2 63.2 69.2
Honduras 93.3 102.9 108.7 118.4 117.4
Seychelles 56.1 103.2 80.5 83.2 92.9
Suriname 153.0 108.5 146.2 104.6 93.5
Ireland 111.5 109.2 110.2 119.7 119.8
Moldova 90.4 110.0 106.0 100.5 89.7
Estonia 100.5 111.9 145.7 143.2 124.7
Congo, Rep. 87.1 114.0 111.7 104.9 101.2
Swaziland 110.3 119.7 118.1 130.4 129.5
Belgium 118.7 123.0 132.4 135.1 132.5
Malta 133.5 123.4 115.4 118.2 123.4
Turkmenistan 130.7 126.5 91.0 60.3 108.7
Tajikistan 126.7 137.9 162.2 98.9 124.5
Bahrain 133.8 147.1 132.5 110.5 121.7
Malaysia 170.7 155.4 157.5 182.4 188.8
Lesotho 147.5 160.9 155.4 138.5 129.5
Guyana 158.0 162.0 163.7 142.7 144.4
Equatorial Guinea 175.2 225.3 193.3 203.9 182.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 255.7 239.3 226.4 214.1 214.2
Singapore 276.2 265.9 257.0 246.9 261.6
Aruba 222.9 273.1 250.7 161.1 196.4
Liberia 986.6 743.4 351.5 248.9 223.9
Isle of Man
Serbia
Somalia
Sao Tome and Principe
San Marino
Afghanistan
Puerto Rico
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Taiwan, China
Palau 63.3 98.1
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guam
Iraq
Myanmar
Timor-Leste
Curacao
Faeroe Islands 74.5 83.3
Montenegro
Monaco
Cayman Islands
Luxembourg 87.2
West Bank and Gaza
Lithuania
Liechtenstein
American Samoa

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