Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Brazil 14.6 13.1 12.4 13.3 13.3
Argentina 11.9 13.1 14.4 16.0 16.0
Japan 13.9 14.6 16.2 17.6 17.1
India 15.6 17.8 17.8 18.1 17.8
United States 16.4 17.7 17.9 18.4 17.9
Burundi 37.2 33.9 19.1 21.3 25.0
Cuba 12.1 14.5 20.9 22.9 22.2
Ethiopia 20.7 20.8 21.7 20.2 27.1
Rwanda 36.8 22.4 23.0 20.8 17.3
Bermuda 31.2 29.8 23.6 23.0 21.5
Sudan 13.5 12.8 24.0 18.6 22.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.4 25.3 24.5 21.8 22.7
Colombia 24.8 25.8 25.0 25.2 25.9
Haiti 15.7 28.3 25.4 26.5 29.7
Peru 23.8 25.8 26.1 27.4 25.9
Comoros 34.5 31.9 27.4 28.6 27.9
Sierra Leone 29.1 20.1 27.4 12.9 15.2
Bangladesh 22.3 26.9 27.7 28.6 28.6
Uruguay 26.9 25.8 27.9 26.9 25.9
Madagascar 33.5 35.9 28.5 34.1 32.9
Central African Republic 34.1 31.0 28.6 32.4 30.7
Georgia 19.7 20.2 28.6 33.7 29.8
Greece 27.8 28.3 28.9 28.4 30.4
Uganda 32.2 26.3 29.4 29.8 29.1
Mozambique 54.4 38.8 30.1 25.2 23.6
Cameroon 27.9 32.6 30.8 32.7 32.9
Australia 31.3 31.1 31.3 29.6 30.2
French Polynesia 31.0 30.1 32.2 32.5 33.5
Guatemala 33.1 37.2 32.8 34.8 37.3
Gambia, The 33.1 25.2 32.9 36.5 29.6
Tanzania 44.8 44.9 33.4 27.2 21.9
China 42.3 38.6 33.9 34.1 31.8
Burkina Faso 24.1 30.7 34.0 33.5 37.5
Pakistan 31.5 32.2 34.0 32.7 28.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49.5 35.5 35.0 30.9 26.7
Guinea 36.1 41.2 35.1 34.5 34.3
Chad 27.5 42.0 35.5 37.0 35.4
Italy 34.0 38.9 36.4 37.6 37.9
Panama 38.6 39.7 36.5 36.9 38.3
Spain 32.2 35.5 36.7 37.8 41.4
Turkey 31.7 33.8 36.8 39.4 27.1
Bolivia 37.5 37.6 37.5 38.1 36.3
Ecuador 32.8 34.6 37.6 36.3 34.9
Nicaragua 31.1 34.8 37.6 46.2 44.5
Albania 37.8 37.8 38.1 35.8 38.5
France 36.3 37.6 38.2 41.3 42.8
Niger 35.4 35.2 38.9 35.0 38.8
Tonga 42.8 44.9 39.2 39.1 40.8
Poland 36.8 37.4 39.3 43.3 43.5
Nepal 37.3 38.1 39.4 42.7 35.4
Russian Federation 29.9 35.9 40.2 40.0 49.0
Germany 37.6 39.1 40.4 44.4 46.6
Djibouti 42.4 38.2 40.7 41.2 43.5
Indonesia 40.7 42.6 40.8 49.9 89.7
South Africa 35.8 38.6 41.3 43.0 41.4
Kenya 51.5 53.8 41.6 40.7 36.9
New Zealand 43.9 43.5 41.8 43.9 44.1
New Caledonia 40.9 41.9 42.4 44.7 41.4
Guinea-Bissau 83.6 61.8 42.5 51.0 43.6
Aruba 42.3 44.1 42.8 41.6 50.7
Bahamas, The 37.5 41.4 42.8 37.2 40.6
Paraguay 40.5 44.8 43.4 45.1 43.3
United Kingdom 40.7 42.8 44.0 42.5 40.3
Morocco 45.6 51.2 45.3 49.5 43.6
Tuvalu 76.0 53.2 45.3 60.5 78.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.0 43.1 45.7 36.4 40.6
Mali 52.4 49.2 46.0 52.5 50.7
Barbados 37.0 44.7 46.2 50.2 43.9
Korea, Rep. 43.2 46.5 46.4 50.1 59.9
Chile 42.5 44.7 47.3 46.8 45.6
Mexico 27.1 44.8 47.3 46.5 49.1
Algeria 42.9 48.7 47.5 46.9 40.7
Senegal 46.8 49.3 47.9 47.9 48.2
Venezuela, RB 44.7 41.5 48.3 44.8 36.7
Kazakhstan 32.0 44.5 48.3 48.7 43.6
Malawi 71.0 63.0 48.4 49.5 54.0
El Salvador 46.9 52.4 48.6 55.3 53.4
Cambodia 44.2 59.3 48.9 52.3 63.0
Cabo Verde 52.6 53.4 49.2 50.8 45.6
Portugal 45.8 47.5 49.4 51.0 51.5
Samoa 43.1 51.9 49.4 44.0 46.6
Israel 56.4 50.7 49.7 49.1 47.7
Benin 51.9 53.7 50.1 48.7 46.6
Azerbaijan 43.2 42.7 50.1 39.7 37.8
Switzerland 50.0 49.9 50.6 55.9 57.0
Vanuatu 52.0 52.6 52.2 50.4 48.4
Denmark 51.5 53.2 52.4 55.3 55.2
Norway 49.8 50.3 53.2 53.2 51.5
Croatia 65.1 53.8 53.2 55.7 51.0
Iceland 49.2 50.7 53.7 52.1 53.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 53.8 49.5 53.8 56.2 56.1
Dominican Republic 57.6 54.7 53.9 57.3 59.4
Austria 49.8 52.0 54.0 60.4 62.6
Lao PDR 56.0 51.0 54.1 61.0 72.1
Ghana 64.9 56.2 54.5 57.5 58.2
Sweden 55.7 57.3 54.9 58.6 60.1
Romania 44.1 51.3 55.2 55.9 47.8
Solomon Islands 60.5 62.0 55.4 55.5 52.2
Saudi Arabia 49.1 54.8 56.1 54.2 47.2
Finland 52.6 53.5 56.5 59.4 59.1
Libya 50.7 56.2 56.6 51.4 44.5
Zambia 45.4 50.0 57.2 44.3 65.9
Cyprus 53.7 53.2 57.5 55.1 49.7
Grenada 54.2 52.8 58.4 64.3 69.0
Canada 55.6 59.9 60.1 63.8 66.6
Macao SAR, China 65.9 61.6 60.3 63.4 66.2
Cote d'Ivoire 56.0 61.2 60.5 61.7 59.4
Zimbabwe 59.9 67.2 60.9 66.0 75.2
Macedonia, FYR 76.0 65.7 62.7 80.7 90.3
Lebanon 66.7 69.1 62.8 51.5 44.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 74.0 66.4 62.9 79.8 76.5
Kiribati 56.3 74.2 63.9 65.6 57.4
Uzbekistan 40.0 46.3 63.9 55.7 45.5
Nigeria 88.6 72.0 64.6 69.0 59.6
Mongolia 66.3 61.2 65.0 87.8 85.8
Mauritania 58.7 65.0 65.2 61.5 57.2
Philippines 56.1 61.8 65.8 77.1 84.4
Belize 70.6 67.6 66.0 70.6 67.8
Jamaica 69.6 73.0 66.6 60.4 49.7
Latvia 44.1 59.6 67.4 71.6 75.6
Tunisia 71.9 74.2 67.5 64.9 64.6
Costa Rica 63.1 63.9 67.8 71.7 83.3
Syrian Arab Republic 84.1 72.6 68.0 54.8 44.6
Sri Lanka 68.1 69.9 68.6 69.6 67.8
St. Lucia 79.0 74.2 69.4 65.0 59.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 67.6 65.9 69.6 68.3 61.6
Greenland 64.4 66.6 70.0 64.4 57.7
Thailand 69.1 75.7 70.4 79.7 87.1
Armenia 46.4 64.4 71.8 68.6 59.3
Ukraine 40.1 59.3 71.8 62.5 65.2
Bhutan 58.3 70.9 72.1 69.7 64.2
Gabon 74.1 72.5 72.7 77.5 67.3
Slovak Republic 67.5 68.7 73.1 79.0 81.3
Kyrgyz Republic 39.0 56.0 73.5 74.3 82.4
Hungary 59.6 62.2 73.7 86.7 101.6
Kuwait 72.3 75.7 73.9 74.0 70.0
Antigua and Barbuda 77.2 80.7 74.5 70.4 67.9
Vietnam 60.7 65.6 74.6 77.4 76.7
Togo 56.0 74.2 75.4 71.3 63.5
Dominica 66.4 72.3 76.1 72.0 77.0
Czech Republic 72.3 80.3 77.0 83.2 84.9
Namibia 74.8 76.7 78.3 75.3 75.3
Oman 74.0 75.7 79.0 81.0 80.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 78.4 66.1 79.6 79.2 85.4
Trinidad and Tobago 60.7 78.2 80.6 96.4 87.0
Qatar 69.7 86.6 80.7 78.7 82.3
Yemen, Rep. 72.5 82.8 81.5 66.1 57.9
Fiji 77.5 76.7 81.5 75.8 74.5
Marshall Islands 85.4 81.3 82.5 72.2 67.3
Papua New Guinea 75.5 88.6 82.8 78.5 79.5
Slovenia 98.2 85.0 83.9 86.8 88.1
Maldives 83.6 88.5 84.8 86.3 83.2
Belarus 37.3 74.2 85.3 113.2 102.6
Botswana 82.6 85.7 86.0 101.6 89.9
Jordan 77.0 81.2 88.2 82.0 71.2
United Arab Emirates 82.9 79.3 92.3 94.5 87.8
Mauritius 92.1 87.0 92.5 90.3 89.2
Eritrea 106.6 93.4 93.9 84.8 71.9
Lithuania 62.9 80.4 93.9 93.8 84.5
Angola 110.2 101.4 94.8 99.4 87.2
Netherlands 88.6 92.7 95.7 103.1 101.7
Brunei Darussalam 99.4 94.9 97.3 89.9 89.1
Honduras 87.8 93.3 102.9 108.7 118.4
Seychelles 53.2 56.1 103.9 80.5 83.2
Suriname 144.0 153.0 108.5 146.2 104.6
Moldova 72.0 90.4 110.0 106.0 100.5
Ireland 106.3 113.5 111.2 112.1 121.9
Estonia 74.2 100.7 112.1 146.0 143.5
Bulgaria 88.5 84.3 112.1 98.2 70.8
Congo, Rep. 89.9 87.1 114.0 111.7 104.9
Swaziland 120.3 110.3 119.7 118.1 130.4
Malta 134.0 133.5 123.4 115.4 118.2
Belgium 115.8 120.6 125.2 134.7 137.3
Turkmenistan 141.1 130.7 126.5 91.0 60.3
Tajikistan 76.9 126.7 137.9 162.2 98.9
Bahrain 132.2 133.8 147.1 132.5 110.5
Malaysia 159.0 170.7 155.4 157.5 182.4
Lesotho 135.4 147.5 160.9 155.4 138.5
Guyana 177.9 158.0 162.0 163.7 142.7
Equatorial Guinea 102.5 175.2 225.3 193.3 203.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 233.7 255.7 239.3 226.4 214.1
Singapore 270.4 276.2 265.9 257.0 246.9
Liberia 573.4 986.6 743.4 351.5 248.9
Iraq
South Sudan
Curacao
Somalia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
Montenegro
Myanmar
Andorra
Kosovo
Serbia
West Bank and Gaza
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Timor-Leste
Northern Mariana Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Isle of Man
San Marino
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Faeroe Islands 74.5
Monaco
Puerto Rico
Afghanistan
Guam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Palau 63.3
Luxembourg
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa

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