Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Brazil 12.8 12.2 13.1 13.0 16.6
Sierra Leone 20.1 27.4 12.9 15.2 13.0
Japan 14.6 16.2 17.6 17.1 16.4
Rwanda 22.4 23.0 20.8 17.3 17.2
India 17.8 17.8 18.1 17.8 17.7
United States 17.7 17.9 18.4 17.9 18.2
Argentina 15.9 17.5 19.4 19.3 17.2
Bermuda 29.8 23.6 23.0 21.5 23.0
Tanzania 44.9 33.4 27.2 21.9 21.6
Cuba 14.5 20.9 22.9 22.2 20.7
Sudan 12.8 24.0 18.6 22.4 20.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 25.3 24.5 21.8 22.7 21.6
Mozambique 38.8 30.1 25.2 23.6 30.9
Burundi 33.9 19.1 21.3 25.0 21.3
Bangladesh 26.9 24.3 25.1 25.2 27.0
Peru 25.3 25.6 27.1 25.6 26.2
Colombia 25.8 25.0 25.2 25.9 25.8
Uruguay 25.8 27.9 26.9 25.9 23.3
Ethiopia 20.4 21.3 19.8 26.6 26.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 35.5 35.0 30.9 26.7 29.1
Turkey 33.8 36.8 39.4 27.1 26.9
Comoros 31.9 27.4 28.6 27.9 28.8
Greece 26.9 27.3 26.7 28.4 29.1
Pakistan 32.2 34.0 32.7 28.7 29.6
Uganda 26.3 29.4 29.8 29.1 31.0
Gambia, The 25.2 32.9 36.5 29.6 25.0
Georgia 20.2 28.6 33.7 29.8 29.4
Haiti 27.1 26.0 25.8 30.0 32.7
Australia 31.1 31.3 29.6 30.2 32.2
Central African Republic 31.0 28.6 32.4 30.7 27.7
China 38.4 33.7 33.9 31.6 33.1
Cameroon 32.6 30.8 32.7 32.9 27.8
Madagascar 35.9 28.5 34.1 32.9 35.7
French Polynesia 30.1 32.2 32.5 33.5 31.1
Guinea 41.2 35.1 34.5 34.3 34.4
Ecuador 34.6 37.6 36.3 34.9 38.0
Nepal 38.1 39.4 42.7 35.4 40.2
Chad 42.0 35.5 37.0 35.4 36.4
Bolivia 37.6 37.5 38.1 36.3 33.9
Italy 37.5 35.2 36.3 36.6 36.5
Venezuela, RB 41.5 48.3 44.8 36.7 35.8
Kenya 53.8 41.6 40.7 36.9 35.5
Guatemala 37.2 32.8 34.8 37.3 37.0
Burkina Faso 30.7 34.0 33.5 37.5 30.9
Azerbaijan 42.7 50.1 39.7 37.8 42.9
Panama 39.7 36.5 36.9 38.3 37.9
Albania 37.8 38.1 35.8 38.5 43.8
Niger 35.2 38.9 35.0 38.8 34.6
United Kingdom 40.9 41.8 40.9 38.9 38.3
Spain 34.5 35.6 36.8 40.3 37.9
South Africa 37.6 40.2 42.0 40.4 39.1
Bahamas, The 41.4 42.8 37.2 40.6 36.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 43.1 45.7 36.4 40.6 29.2
Algeria 48.7 47.5 46.9 40.7 44.6
Tonga 44.9 39.2 39.1 40.8 44.2
New Caledonia 41.9 42.4 44.7 41.4 48.2
Samoa 46.2 44.0 39.2 41.6 52.2
France 36.7 37.2 40.2 41.6 42.7
Paraguay 44.8 43.4 45.1 43.3 31.5
Poland 37.3 39.2 43.2 43.4 43.5
Djibouti 38.2 40.7 41.2 43.5 41.3
Morocco 45.5 40.1 44.4 43.6 43.5
Kazakhstan 44.5 48.3 48.7 43.6 56.5
Guinea-Bissau 61.8 42.5 51.0 43.6 45.4
New Zealand 43.2 41.5 43.5 43.7 45.5
Barbados 44.7 46.2 50.2 43.9 45.6
Libya 56.2 56.6 51.4 44.5 33.6
Nicaragua 34.8 37.6 46.2 44.5 49.6
Syrian Arab Republic 72.6 68.0 54.8 44.6 46.0
Lebanon 69.1 62.8 51.5 44.8 39.6
Germany 38.1 39.3 43.3 45.3 46.3
Uzbekistan 46.3 63.9 55.7 45.5 37.2
Israel 49.0 47.8 47.0 45.5 50.7
Cabo Verde 53.4 49.2 50.8 45.6 43.4
Chile 44.7 47.3 46.8 45.6 45.4
Cyprus 49.6 53.8 51.6 46.5 44.2
Benin 53.7 50.1 48.7 46.6 47.0
Saudi Arabia 54.8 56.1 54.2 47.2 48.9
Romania 51.3 55.2 55.9 47.8 53.2
Senegal 49.3 47.9 47.9 48.2 50.4
Vanuatu 52.6 52.2 50.4 48.4 46.3
Russian Federation 35.9 40.2 40.0 49.0 58.8
Mexico 44.8 47.3 46.5 49.1 48.7
Jamaica 73.0 66.6 60.4 49.7 46.9
Croatia 53.0 52.5 54.9 50.3 51.7
Norway 49.3 52.1 52.2 50.5 49.1
Mali 49.2 46.0 52.5 50.7 54.3
Portugal 46.9 48.8 50.4 51.0 50.6
Iceland 49.4 52.3 50.8 52.0 50.5
Solomon Islands 62.0 55.4 55.5 52.2 48.9
El Salvador 52.4 48.6 55.3 53.4 53.0
Switzerland 47.3 47.9 53.1 53.9 55.2
Malawi 63.0 48.4 49.5 54.0 63.4
Denmark 52.3 51.5 54.3 54.2 54.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 49.5 53.8 56.2 56.1 52.0
Mauritania 65.0 65.2 61.5 57.2 52.9
Finland 52.1 54.9 57.6 57.3 55.0
Sweden 55.1 52.7 56.1 57.4 56.7
Kiribati 74.2 63.9 65.6 57.4 69.8
Greenland 66.6 70.0 64.4 57.7 60.6
Yemen, Rep. 82.8 81.5 66.1 57.9 58.2
Ghana 56.2 54.5 57.5 58.2 67.4
Armenia 64.4 71.8 68.6 59.3 55.9
St. Lucia 74.2 69.4 65.0 59.3 59.3
Dominican Republic 54.7 53.9 57.3 59.4 60.7
Nigeria 72.0 64.6 69.0 59.6 62.6
Korea, Rep. 46.5 46.4 50.1 59.9 54.2
Cote d'Ivoire 61.2 60.5 61.7 60.2 61.1
Turkmenistan 130.7 126.5 91.0 60.3 108.7
Zambia 45.7 52.0 40.3 60.3 55.4
Austria 51.6 53.5 59.1 61.4 63.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 65.9 69.6 68.3 61.6 59.3
Cambodia 59.3 48.9 52.3 63.0 77.3
Bulgaria 84.3 98.6 88.2 63.2 69.2
Palau 63.3 98.1
Togo 74.2 75.4 71.3 63.5 62.7
Bhutan 70.9 72.1 69.7 64.2 71.1
Tunisia 74.2 67.5 64.9 64.6 62.5
Ukraine 59.3 71.8 62.5 65.2 74.2
Latvia 53.1 62.9 63.4 65.9 55.8
Macao SAR, China 61.6 60.3 63.4 66.2 71.7
Canada 59.9 60.1 63.8 66.6 68.0
Marshall Islands 81.3 82.5 72.2 67.3 70.9
Gabon 72.5 72.7 77.5 67.3 69.4
Belize 67.6 66.0 70.6 67.8 75.9
Sri Lanka 69.9 68.6 69.6 67.8 67.4
Antigua and Barbuda 80.7 74.5 70.4 67.9 69.3
Grenada 52.8 58.4 64.3 69.0 62.7
Kuwait 75.7 73.9 74.0 70.0 65.7
Jordan 81.2 88.2 82.0 71.2 68.1
Eritrea 93.4 93.9 84.8 71.9 77.1
Lao PDR 51.0 54.1 61.0 72.1 57.5
Fiji 76.7 81.5 75.8 74.5 77.9
Faeroe Islands 74.5 83.3
Zimbabwe 67.2 60.9 66.0 75.2 58.5
Namibia 76.7 78.3 75.3 75.3 74.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 66.4 62.9 79.8 76.5 75.3
Vietnam 65.6 74.6 77.4 76.7 81.2
Dominica 72.3 76.1 72.0 77.0 72.8
Tuvalu 53.2 45.3 60.5 78.8 59.6
Papua New Guinea 88.6 82.8 78.5 79.5 88.1
Slovak Republic 67.4 71.7 77.2 79.8 70.8
Oman 75.7 79.0 81.0 80.5 76.6
Czech Republic 78.0 74.8 80.3 81.7 85.0
Qatar 86.6 80.7 78.7 82.3 78.4
Kyrgyz Republic 56.0 73.5 74.3 82.4 84.4
Seychelles 56.1 103.2 80.5 83.2 92.9
Maldives 88.5 84.8 86.3 83.2 83.8
Costa Rica 63.9 67.8 71.7 83.3 81.6
Philippines 61.8 65.8 77.1 84.4 83.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 66.1 79.6 79.2 85.4 86.6
Mongolia 61.2 65.0 87.8 85.8 91.4
Slovenia 83.7 82.6 85.4 86.6 82.2
Trinidad and Tobago 78.2 80.6 96.4 87.0 81.4
Thailand 75.7 70.4 79.7 87.1 88.7
Angola 101.4 94.8 99.4 87.2 134.3
United Arab Emirates 79.3 92.3 94.5 87.8 80.8
Brunei Darussalam 94.9 97.3 89.9 89.1 85.2
Mauritius 87.0 92.5 90.3 89.2 88.6
Indonesia 42.6 40.8 49.9 89.7 60.4
Botswana 85.7 86.0 101.6 89.9 88.3
Macedonia, FYR 65.7 62.7 80.7 90.3 80.8
Netherlands 87.3 90.4 97.3 95.0 96.5
Tajikistan 126.7 137.9 162.2 98.9 124.5
Hungary 61.4 72.9 85.7 100.3 108.3
Moldova 90.4 110.0 106.0 100.5 89.7
Belarus 74.2 85.3 113.2 102.6 103.7
Suriname 153.0 108.5 146.2 104.6 93.5
Congo, Rep. 87.1 114.0 111.7 104.9 101.2
Bahrain 133.8 147.1 132.5 110.5 121.7
Malta 133.5 123.4 115.4 118.2 123.4
Honduras 93.3 102.9 108.7 118.4 117.4
Ireland 111.5 109.2 110.2 119.7 119.8
Swaziland 110.3 119.7 118.1 130.4 129.5
Belgium 118.7 123.0 132.4 135.1 132.5
Lesotho 147.5 160.9 155.4 138.5 129.5
Guyana 158.0 162.0 163.7 142.7 144.4
Estonia 100.5 111.9 145.7 143.2 124.7
Aruba 222.9 273.1 250.7 161.1 196.4
Malaysia 170.7 155.4 157.5 182.4 188.8
Equatorial Guinea 175.2 225.3 193.3 203.9 182.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 255.7 239.3 226.4 214.1 214.2
Singapore 276.2 265.9 257.0 246.9 261.6
Liberia 986.6 743.4 351.5 248.9 223.9
Serbia
Sao Tome and Principe
Afghanistan
San Marino
Puerto Rico
Isle of Man
Taiwan, China
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Myanmar
South Sudan
Montenegro
Turks and Caicos Islands
Timor-Leste
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Monaco
Iraq
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Luxembourg 87.2
West Bank and Gaza
Lithuania
Liechtenstein
American Samoa

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