Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Sierra Leone 13.0 25.5 19.5 25.3 28.8
Argentina 14.2 15.0 14.4 28.0 27.6
Japan 16.4 18.2 18.1 18.9 19.9
Brazil 17.0 17.7 21.1 21.8 22.4
Rwanda 17.2 15.2 21.9 18.7 17.4
India 17.7 19.7 19.0 20.2 21.3
United States 18.2 19.8 18.0 17.2 17.6
Sudan 20.5 27.4 27.7 29.7 30.7
Cuba 20.7 21.3 20.5 16.7 17.7
Burundi 21.3 22.7 20.3 19.3 24.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.6 19.9 18.6 20.8 24.6
Tanzania 21.6 22.2 24.7 24.4 28.7
Bermuda 23.0 22.2 20.5 20.4 21.1
Uruguay 23.3 25.2 24.5 28.1 36.5
Gambia, The 25.0 25.8 20.9 29.9 33.8
Colombia 25.8 24.6 25.6 25.1 28.5
Peru 26.4 28.5 27.9 28.2 30.3
Ethiopia 26.5 21.6 28.0 26.9 37.6
Turkey 26.9 30.9 37.1 37.7 38.5
Central African Republic 27.7 30.4 26.7 26.9 21.6
Cameroon 27.8 35.8 37.4 33.7 32.6
Comoros 28.8 28.2 30.9 28.7 29.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 29.1 42.1 36.7 38.7 43.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 29.2 7.8 22.5 25.4 32.1
Georgia 29.4 33.8 33.3 33.6 40.1
Pakistan 29.6 26.9 26.9 29.2 30.0
Bangladesh 30.3 32.4 32.1 31.0 33.6
Mozambique 30.9 35.3 43.3 56.0 60.0
Burkina Faso 30.9 31.4 31.2 30.8 29.6
Uganda 31.0 31.3 35.0 24.6 30.1
French Polynesia 31.1 34.6
Greece 31.2 36.4 34.3 28.7 30.2
Paraguay 31.5 37.4 59.2 63.3 73.0
Australia 32.2 32.6 33.6 34.9 34.2
Haiti 33.2 36.9 36.7 43.9 54.3
China 33.3 39.6 38.5 42.7 51.9
Bolivia 33.9 36.4 36.8 38.8 39.8
Guinea 34.4 42.7 47.0 46.6 36.2
Niger 34.6 37.7 35.2 34.4 35.7
Kenya 35.5 38.1 39.6 40.8 41.2
Madagascar 35.7 49.5 45.2 25.3 39.5
Venezuela, RB 35.8 42.5 36.6 42.8 43.6
Chad 36.4 36.1 50.8 92.1 50.8
Bahamas, The 36.9 41.9 35.8 31.2 31.5
Guatemala 37.0 38.8 43.2 56.9 57.4
Uzbekistan 37.2 40.1 48.4 51.0 57.8
Italy 37.8 43.4 42.8 40.9 39.4
Panama 37.9 36.5 32.8 31.2 30.5
Ecuador 38.0 47.2 41.0 40.2 39.9
Spain 38.8 46.8 44.6 42.4 41.3
United Kingdom 39.3 42.4 41.5 39.7 37.6
Lebanon 39.6 40.2 48.0 40.7 45.5
Libya 39.7 50.5 54.2 71.6 78.9
South Africa 40.1 44.9 48.5 53.1 45.3
Nepal 40.2 43.3 36.8 32.8 38.2
Djibouti 41.3 43.2 39.8 39.4 44.3
Azerbaijan 42.9 55.3 65.6 61.5 71.7
Cabo Verde 43.4 44.7 43.3 46.1 44.7
Morocco 43.5 51.2 48.2 48.8 46.2
Poland 43.6 47.2 45.3 48.7 56.3
Albania 43.8 36.6 39.9 41.4 40.9
France 44.0 50.3 48.7 45.5 44.1
Tonga 44.2 41.9 47.6 56.9 53.4
Algeria 44.6 56.9 53.1 54.2 52.4
Chile 45.4 47.5 49.4 49.7 52.7
Guinea-Bissau 45.4 33.4 32.5 27.8 27.9
Barbados 45.6 45.8 43.2 40.4 44.2
Syrian Arab Republic 46.0 43.7 47.4 51.1 49.7
New Zealand 46.0 52.3 50.7 44.6 40.1
Vanuatu 46.3 41.5 42.6 41.8 42.0
Jamaica 46.9 51.4 50.3 47.8 51.1
Benin 47.0 42.6 39.9 41.8 40.3
Aruba 47.1 53.8 51.6 49.9 46.1
Cyprus 47.2 51.5 50.6 46.7 40.5
Germany 47.8 55.6 56.2 55.1 56.0
New Caledonia 48.2 57.0
Mexico 48.7 50.6 45.8 45.0 47.7
Saudi Arabia 48.9 57.2 54.3 55.6 62.9
Solomon Islands 48.9 37.0 34.2 36.6 50.4
Nicaragua 49.6 48.0 44.4 44.3 46.7
Norway 50.1 56.1 53.9 49.3 48.2
Senegal 50.4 52.1 56.0 56.7 53.2
Portugal 51.0 54.8 52.9 49.9 48.8
Iceland 51.7 51.6 54.1 50.6 47.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 52.0 55.0 58.5 54.3 59.7
Croatia 52.4 57.3 59.9 58.9 59.7
Mauritania 52.9 62.5 63.3 57.6 55.0
El Salvador 53.0 60.1 57.1 57.2 59.0
Romania 53.2 63.2 66.4 69.0 70.0
Israel 53.2 55.3 52.5 57.4 57.4
Korea, Rep. 54.2 59.2 54.7 51.7 54.8
Mali 54.3 55.8 65.2 53.9 50.4
Denmark 55.2 60.5 60.5 62.0 58.3
Armenia 55.9 61.5 57.4 62.8 70.0
Kazakhstan 56.5 75.7 68.1 66.0 69.2
Finland 57.1 66.1 60.9 58.7 58.3
Lao PDR 57.5 50.0 46.9 42.5 39.4
Yemen, Rep. 58.2 66.4 59.3 58.5 62.9
Zimbabwe 58.5 56.6 43.1 59.3 59.0
Samoa 58.5 71.3 81.6 79.4 78.7
Switzerland 58.5 63.7 63.3 62.4 61.3
Russian Federation 58.8 57.8 50.8 48.8 49.3
Sweden 59.3 64.7 61.1 59.2 59.0
St. Lucia 59.3 52.1 56.3 48.8 59.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 59.3 55.0 48.3 50.2 52.0
Tuvalu 59.6 36.5 26.6 72.8 43.3
Cote d'Ivoire 60.2 61.2 61.6 68.5 66.0
Zambia 60.2 54.7 56.6 55.5 58.8
Indonesia 60.4 66.1 59.1 49.8 45.3
Greenland 60.6 59.7 54.5 59.0 56.6
Dominican Republic 60.7 63.4 56.5 52.7 61.6
Tunisia 62.5 67.1 73.2 70.9 69.0
Nigeria 62.6 64.0 67.1 43.2 51.6
Togo 62.7 71.5 68.3 69.0 82.0
Grenada 62.7 54.8 48.7 43.6 49.7
Malawi 63.4 52.3 59.0 41.4 54.1
Latvia 64.2 64.7 66.2 68.0 72.6
Austria 64.7 72.9 75.8 75.6 77.4
Kuwait 65.7 70.5 69.0 63.9 66.1
Ghana 67.4 93.2 91.6 74.1 72.5
Sri Lanka 67.4 77.2 68.5 63.2 62.5
Canada 68.0 70.5 66.5 63.8 58.3
Jordan 68.1 76.8 79.8 81.9 86.6
Antigua and Barbuda 69.3 58.3 54.9 54.4 55.0
Gabon 69.4 70.0 74.8 71.9 70.5
Kiribati 69.8 64.6 71.8 73.6 60.4
Marshall Islands 70.9 57.6 59.7 65.6 71.3
Bhutan 71.1 63.3 62.3 57.6 61.4
Lithuania 71.4 81.0 89.9 93.1 91.2
Bulgaria 71.5 88.3 89.4 85.7 89.1
Macao SAR, China 71.7 84.6 78.7 76.6 73.3
Slovak Republic 71.9 85.6 90.2 89.4 96.8
Dominica 72.8 61.9 52.9 48.6 49.3
Ukraine 74.2 91.3 84.3 82.4 91.9
Namibia 74.5 73.4 76.9 75.6 65.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 75.3 52.8 52.8 45.8 49.6
Belize 75.9 89.2 78.7 74.4 76.4
Oman 76.6 82.8 85.3 87.1 85.7
Eritrea 77.1 71.9 58.7 80.9 50.5
Cambodia 77.3 91.1 90.3 99.0 100.4
Fiji 77.9 84.0 85.7 76.8 80.9
Qatar 78.4 83.6 83.4 77.6 77.7
United Arab Emirates 80.8 81.3 83.0 86.3 95.9
Macedonia, FYR 80.8 95.3 83.0 82.0 77.2
Vietnam 81.2 89.5 88.5 96.1 106.3
Trinidad and Tobago 81.4 93.0 88.9 83.5 80.7
Costa Rica 81.6 76.7 70.7 73.9 78.6
Philippines 83.3 94.8 88.6 93.8 93.9
Faeroe Islands 83.3 94.8 87.8 81.2 89.6
Slovenia 83.7 94.7 94.8 92.1 91.3
Maldives 83.8 79.7 62.7 63.2 65.6
Kyrgyz Republic 84.4 77.3 61.8 66.8 67.7
Brunei Darussalam 85.2 83.5 85.7 90.0 87.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 86.6 75.8 76.3 73.3 73.4
Papua New Guinea 88.1 92.2 93.3 92.6 101.1
Botswana 88.3 82.2 78.7 78.5 70.0
Czech Republic 88.5 103.8 108.1 100.9 105.4
Mauritius 88.6 79.6 79.7 83.1 76.0
Thailand 88.7 106.7 109.9 104.6 109.5
Moldova 89.7 96.9 98.6 101.2 110.5
Mongolia 91.4 101.2 91.4 87.0 88.8
Luxembourg 91.7 97.0 109.4 101.3 101.1
Seychelles 92.9 87.2 111.9 92.9 97.6
Suriname 93.5 103.7 113.2 89.1 105.6
Palau 98.1 84.6 69.7 69.4 55.6
Congo, Rep. 101.2 91.7 98.0 97.8 100.3
Netherlands 103.2 117.2 109.7 105.8 104.2
Belarus 103.7 125.4 127.4 117.3 120.6
Turkmenistan 108.7 147.8 140.0 111.4 102.8
Hungary 109.9 130.1 121.5 108.9 108.8
Honduras 117.4 103.2 100.1 104.5 104.8
Bahrain 121.7 119.5 110.1 112.2 111.0
Ireland 122.2 132.0 126.8 114.3 92.4
Malta 123.4 148.2 111.1 108.8 107.0
Tajikistan 124.5 169.7 123.8 119.5 108.0
Estonia 124.9 156.5 148.2 139.2 138.0
Lesotho 129.5 133.4 144.8 178.6 164.7
Swaziland 129.5 128.3 161.8 162.1 170.3
Angola 134.3 120.1 108.7 96.7 105.6
Belgium 135.2 157.3 158.7 163.9 157.4
Guyana 144.4 150.3 152.5 145.3 146.8
Equatorial Guinea 182.6 148.0 174.4 145.2 149.3
Malaysia 188.8 192.1 174.5 172.5 170.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 214.2 242.8 232.0 246.4 286.2
Liberia 223.9 188.4 69.2 66.1 68.1
Singapore 261.6 284.2 266.3 262.8 305.3
Somalia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kosovo
Sao Tome and Principe 43.0 40.6 42.7 46.7
Montenegro
Monaco
Timor-Leste 31.6
Andorra
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Curacao
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
Iraq
Puerto Rico
St. Martin (French part)
American Samoa
Serbia
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Afghanistan 71.7 61.8 49.0
West Bank and Gaza
Northern Mariana Islands
Liechtenstein
Myanmar

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