Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Argentina 18.1 17.4 33.9 33.5 31.1
United States 19.8 18.0 17.2 17.6 19.1
Japan 18.2 18.1 18.9 19.9 21.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.9 18.6 20.8 24.6 32.5
India 19.7 19.0 20.2 21.3 24.4
Sierra Leone 25.5 19.5 25.3 28.8 29.7
Burundi 22.7 20.3 19.3 24.8 24.4
Cuba 21.3 20.5 16.7 17.7 20.8
Bermuda 22.2 20.5 20.4 21.1 23.7
Brazil 17.4 20.9 21.6 22.2 24.4
Gambia, The 25.8 20.9 29.9 33.8 41.3
Rwanda 15.2 21.9 18.7 17.4 18.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.8 22.5 25.4 32.1 38.5
Uruguay 25.2 24.5 28.1 36.5 44.2
Tanzania 22.2 24.7 24.4 28.7 32.8
Colombia 24.6 25.6 25.1 28.5 28.2
Tuvalu 36.5 26.6 72.8 43.3 53.5
Central African Republic 30.4 26.7 26.9 21.6 22.4
Pakistan 26.9 26.9 29.2 30.0 32.0
Ethiopia 21.2 27.5 26.4 36.9 35.1
Sudan 27.4 27.7 29.7 30.7 36.6
Peru 28.3 27.8 27.9 29.7 34.4
Bangladesh 28.6 28.0 26.9 29.0 31.2
Comoros 28.2 30.9 29.2 30.5 28.3
Burkina Faso 31.1 31.2 30.8 29.6 36.2
Guinea-Bissau 32.7 31.9 27.2 27.3 29.9
Greece 34.6 32.7 27.5 28.9 28.4
Panama 36.5 32.8 31.2 30.5 32.0
Georgia 33.8 33.3 33.6 40.1 48.6
Australia 32.6 33.6 34.9 34.2 32.0
Solomon Islands 37.0 34.2 36.6 50.4 58.3
Uganda 31.3 35.0 24.6 30.1 30.0
Niger 37.7 35.2 34.4 35.7 38.9
Haiti 34.2 35.8 40.6 51.8 48.0
Bahamas, The 41.9 35.8 31.2 31.5 33.6
Venezuela, RB 42.5 36.6 42.8 43.6 50.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.1 36.7 38.7 43.2 45.1
Bolivia 36.4 36.8 38.8 39.8 45.5
Nepal 43.3 36.8 32.8 38.2 37.2
Turkey 30.9 37.1 37.7 38.5 41.0
Cameroon 35.8 37.4 33.7 32.6 31.0
China 39.4 38.3 42.5 51.6 59.5
Kenya 38.1 39.6 40.8 41.2 45.0
Djibouti 43.2 39.8 39.4 44.3 44.9
Benin 42.6 39.9 41.8 40.3 36.1
Albania 36.6 39.9 41.4 40.9 39.0
United Kingdom 40.9 40.3 38.5 36.3 35.6
Sao Tome and Principe 43.0 40.6 42.7 46.7 42.2
Ecuador 47.2 41.0 40.2 39.9 43.7
Italy 42.0 41.3 39.6 38.0 39.4
Vanuatu 41.5 42.6 41.8 42.0 45.3
Zimbabwe 56.6 43.1 59.3 59.0 70.5
Guatemala 38.8 43.2 56.9 57.4 60.5
Barbados 45.8 43.2 40.4 44.2 48.2
Mozambique 35.3 43.3 56.0 60.0 62.1
Cabo Verde 44.7 43.3 46.1 44.7 48.3
Spain 45.6 43.3 41.2 40.2 41.2
Nicaragua 48.0 44.4 44.3 46.7 51.2
Madagascar 49.5 45.2 25.3 39.5 61.2
Libya 44.7 45.2 69.3 72.3 80.7
Poland 47.0 45.2 48.5 56.1 65.0
Mexico 50.6 45.8 45.0 47.7 50.7
Lao PDR 50.0 46.9 42.5 39.4 45.5
Guinea 42.7 47.0 46.6 36.2 41.6
France 48.7 47.2 44.1 42.8 43.5
South Africa 43.8 47.3 51.1 43.5 43.6
Syrian Arab Republic 43.7 47.4 51.1 49.7 62.9
Cyprus 48.3 47.4 43.4 37.3 37.6
Tonga 41.9 47.6 56.9 53.4 50.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 54.5 47.8 49.9 51.8 44.5
Lebanon 40.2 48.0 40.7 45.5 56.3
Morocco 51.2 48.2 48.8 46.2 48.7
Uzbekistan 40.1 48.4 51.0 57.8 63.8
Grenada 55.2 49.0 43.9 50.1 44.2
Chile 47.5 49.4 49.7 52.7 57.0
Israel 52.6 49.8 54.1 54.3 60.8
New Zealand 51.6 50.2 44.1 39.7 41.8
Jamaica 51.4 50.3 47.8 51.1 52.5
Zambia 49.4 50.5 49.1 52.1 59.9
Russian Federation 57.8 50.8 48.8 49.3 47.5
Chad 36.1 50.8 92.1 50.8 71.2
Dominica 59.8 51.0 47.1 48.0 49.7
Portugal 54.3 52.3 49.2 47.9 48.0
Iceland 50.2 52.6 49.0 46.0 47.2
Latvia 51.4 52.8 55.0 63.1 72.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 53.0 52.9 45.9 49.7 50.2
Norway 55.1 53.0 48.4 47.4 49.6
Algeria 56.9 53.1 54.2 52.4 58.0
St. Lucia 51.0 54.0 47.6 57.7 56.6
Saudi Arabia 57.2 54.3 55.6 62.9 67.0
Germany 53.9 54.3 53.3 54.2 57.7
Greenland 59.7 54.5 59.0 56.6 56.4
Korea, Rep. 59.2 54.7 51.7 54.8 62.5
Antigua and Barbuda 58.6 55.2 54.7 55.6 56.9
Senegal 52.1 56.0 56.7 53.2 54.1
Dominican Republic 63.4 56.5 52.7 61.6 62.4
Maldives 79.7 56.9 57.5 59.7 68.4
El Salvador 60.1 57.1 57.2 59.0 61.0
Armenia 61.5 57.4 62.8 70.0 58.0
Sweden 61.6 57.9 56.2 56.1 58.6
Cote d'Ivoire 59.4 58.0 63.8 59.2 70.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 55.0 58.5 54.3 59.7 62.7
Finland 64.2 58.7 56.9 55.9 57.4
Eritrea 71.9 58.7 80.9 50.5 44.3
Denmark 59.0 58.9 60.4 56.8 57.8
Malawi 52.3 59.0 41.4 54.1 53.9
Indonesia 66.1 59.1 49.8 45.3 48.9
Paraguay 37.4 59.2 63.3 73.0 74.3
Yemen, Rep. 66.4 59.3 58.5 62.9 58.1
Croatia 56.6 59.3 58.1 58.8 59.2
Switzerland 60.0 59.7 59.4 58.3 60.6
Marshall Islands 57.6 59.7 65.6 71.3 79.0
Kyrgyz Republic 77.3 61.8 66.8 67.7 75.1
Bhutan 63.3 62.3 57.6 61.4 84.5
Mauritania 62.5 63.3 57.6 55.0 74.3
Mali 55.8 65.2 53.9 50.4 48.0
Azerbaijan 55.3 65.6 61.5 71.7 82.2
Romania 63.2 66.4 69.0 70.0 74.2
Canada 70.5 66.5 63.8 58.3 58.6
Nigeria 64.0 67.1 43.2 51.6 60.1
Kazakhstan 75.7 68.1 66.0 69.2 76.2
Togo 71.5 68.3 69.0 82.0 76.5
Sri Lanka 77.2 68.5 63.2 62.5 66.4
Kuwait 70.5 69.0 63.9 66.1 69.4
Liberia 188.4 69.2 66.1 68.1 94.3
Gabon 70.0 70.3 66.7 65.7 65.4
Costa Rica 76.7 70.7 73.9 78.6 78.3
Afghanistan 71.7 61.8 49.0 47.0
Kiribati 64.6 71.8 73.6 60.4 60.5
Palau 90.1 72.4 71.3 60.2 64.4
Samoa 63.6 72.7 70.8 70.1 70.3
Tunisia 67.1 73.2 70.9 69.0 72.2
Austria 71.3 73.8 73.7 75.4 79.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 75.8 76.3 73.3 73.4 76.9
Namibia 73.4 76.9 75.6 65.7 63.9
Macedonia, FYR 90.6 76.9 77.4 74.3 81.1
Macao SAR, China 84.6 78.7 76.6 73.3 67.3
Botswana 82.2 78.7 78.5 70.0 75.3
Belize 89.2 78.7 74.4 76.4 69.3
Mauritius 79.6 79.7 83.1 76.0 74.6
Jordan 76.8 79.8 81.9 86.6 105.7
United Arab Emirates 81.3 83.0 86.3 95.9 110.3
Qatar 83.6 83.4 77.6 77.7 77.8
Ukraine 91.3 84.3 82.4 91.9 95.0
Brunei Darussalam 83.5 85.7 90.0 87.7 82.3
Fiji 84.0 85.7 76.8 80.9 78.4
Bulgaria 85.3 86.7 83.7 87.3 94.1
Oman 84.3 87.4 86.7 85.4 89.4
Faeroe Islands 94.8 87.8 81.2 89.6 73.9
Vietnam 89.5 88.5 96.1 106.3 118.3
Philippines 94.8 88.6 93.8 93.9 93.9
Trinidad and Tobago 93.0 88.9 83.5 80.7 88.3
Slovak Republic 84.5 89.1 88.1 94.8 100.5
Cambodia 91.1 90.3 99.0 100.4 112.2
Mongolia 101.2 91.4 87.0 88.8 94.9
Ghana 93.2 91.6 74.1 72.5 73.5
Slovenia 93.0 93.1 90.4 89.6 99.0
Papua New Guinea 92.2 93.3 92.6 101.1 107.8
Congo, Rep. 91.7 98.0 97.8 100.3 94.7
Moldova 96.9 98.6 101.2 110.5 106.0
Honduras 103.2 100.1 104.5 104.8 118.1
Netherlands 109.2 103.1 99.8 98.2 104.8
Czech Republic 99.3 103.3 96.9 101.1 116.8
Luxembourg 92.3 105.2 98.2 101.3 106.1
Angola 120.1 108.7 96.7 105.6 98.3
Thailand 106.7 109.9 104.6 109.5 118.2
Bahrain 119.5 110.1 112.2 111.0 113.6
Malta 148.2 111.1 108.8 107.0 109.1
Seychelles 87.2 111.2 93.0 97.2 93.8
Suriname 103.7 113.2 89.1 105.6 108.9
Hungary 128.1 119.6 107.3 107.3 112.6
Ireland 129.3 123.0 110.6 89.7 86.3
Tajikistan 169.7 123.8 119.5 108.0 101.4
Belarus 125.4 127.4 117.3 120.6 130.8
Turkmenistan 147.8 140.0 111.4 102.8 105.1
Lesotho 133.4 144.8 178.6 164.7 174.0
Estonia 156.2 148.3 139.5 138.4 118.3
Guyana 150.3 152.5 145.3 146.8 158.3
Belgium 154.2 155.4 160.4 154.0 159.9
Swaziland 128.3 161.8 162.1 170.3 160.0
Equatorial Guinea 148.0 174.4 145.2 149.3 129.0
Malaysia 192.1 174.5 172.5 170.6 185.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 242.8 232.0 246.4 286.2 318.4
Aruba 272.5 249.7 180.6 220.1 315.2
Singapore 284.2 266.3 262.8 305.3 326.0
Taiwan, China
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
French Polynesia 34.6
Iraq 106.8
New Caledonia 57.0
Myanmar
Puerto Rico
Timor-Leste 30.5 32.9
Serbia 57.4
Montenegro 79.1
Isle of Man
Monaco
San Marino
Somalia
Guam
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Curacao
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
West Bank and Gaza
Lithuania 95.8
Liechtenstein
American Samoa

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