Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Cuba 21.3 20.5 16.7 17.7 20.8
United States 19.8 18.0 17.2 17.6 19.1
Rwanda 15.2 21.9 18.7 17.4 18.3
Japan 18.2 18.1 18.9 19.9 21.9
Burundi 22.7 20.3 19.3 24.8 24.4
India 19.7 19.0 20.2 21.3 24.4
Bermuda 22.2 20.5 20.4 21.1 23.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.9 18.6 20.8 24.6 32.5
Brazil 17.4 20.9 21.6 22.2 24.4
Tanzania 22.2 24.7 24.4 28.7 32.8
Uganda 31.3 35.0 24.6 30.1 30.0
Colombia 24.6 25.6 25.1 28.5 28.2
Sierra Leone 25.5 19.5 25.3 28.8 29.7
Madagascar 49.5 45.2 25.3 39.5 61.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.8 22.5 25.4 32.1 38.5
Ethiopia 21.2 27.5 26.4 36.9 35.1
Central African Republic 30.4 26.7 26.9 21.6 22.4
Bangladesh 28.6 28.0 26.9 29.0 31.2
Guinea-Bissau 32.7 31.9 27.2 27.3 29.9
Greece 34.6 32.7 27.5 28.9 28.4
Peru 28.3 27.8 27.9 29.7 34.4
Uruguay 25.2 24.5 28.1 36.5 44.2
Comoros 28.2 30.9 29.2 30.5 28.3
Pakistan 26.9 26.9 29.2 30.0 32.0
Sudan 27.4 27.7 29.7 30.7 36.6
Gambia, The 25.8 20.9 29.9 33.8 41.3
Burkina Faso 31.1 31.2 30.8 29.6 36.2
Panama 36.5 32.8 31.2 30.5 32.0
Bahamas, The 41.9 35.8 31.2 31.5 33.6
Nepal 43.3 36.8 32.8 38.2 37.2
Georgia 33.8 33.3 33.6 40.1 48.6
Cameroon 35.8 37.4 33.7 32.6 31.0
Argentina 18.1 17.4 33.9 33.5 31.1
Niger 37.7 35.2 34.4 35.7 38.9
Australia 32.6 33.6 34.9 34.2 32.0
Solomon Islands 37.0 34.2 36.6 50.4 58.3
Turkey 30.9 37.1 37.7 38.5 41.0
United Kingdom 40.9 40.3 38.5 36.3 35.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.1 36.7 38.7 43.2 45.1
Bolivia 36.4 36.8 38.8 39.8 45.5
Djibouti 43.2 39.8 39.4 44.3 44.9
Italy 42.0 41.3 39.6 38.0 39.4
Ecuador 47.2 41.0 40.2 39.9 43.7
Barbados 45.8 43.2 40.4 44.2 48.2
Haiti 34.2 35.8 40.6 51.8 48.0
Lebanon 40.2 48.0 40.7 45.5 56.3
Kenya 38.1 39.6 40.8 41.2 45.0
Spain 45.6 43.3 41.2 40.2 41.2
Malawi 52.3 59.0 41.4 54.1 53.9
Albania 36.6 39.9 41.4 40.9 39.0
Vanuatu 41.5 42.6 41.8 42.0 45.3
Benin 42.6 39.9 41.8 40.3 36.1
China 39.4 38.3 42.5 51.6 59.5
Lao PDR 50.0 46.9 42.5 39.4 45.5
Sao Tome and Principe 43.0 40.6 42.7 46.7 42.2
Venezuela, RB 42.5 36.6 42.8 43.6 50.1
Nigeria 64.0 67.1 43.2 51.6 60.1
Cyprus 48.3 47.4 43.4 37.3 37.6
Grenada 55.2 49.0 43.9 50.1 44.2
France 48.7 47.2 44.1 42.8 43.5
New Zealand 51.6 50.2 44.1 39.7 41.8
Nicaragua 48.0 44.4 44.3 46.7 51.2
Mexico 50.6 45.8 45.0 47.7 50.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 53.0 52.9 45.9 49.7 50.2
Cabo Verde 44.7 43.3 46.1 44.7 48.3
Guinea 42.7 47.0 46.6 36.2 41.6
Dominica 59.8 51.0 47.1 48.0 49.7
St. Lucia 51.0 54.0 47.6 57.7 56.6
Jamaica 51.4 50.3 47.8 51.1 52.5
Norway 55.1 53.0 48.4 47.4 49.6
Poland 47.0 45.2 48.5 56.1 65.0
Russian Federation 57.8 50.8 48.8 49.3 47.5
Morocco 51.2 48.2 48.8 46.2 48.7
Iceland 50.2 52.6 49.0 46.0 47.2
Zambia 49.4 50.5 49.1 52.1 59.9
Portugal 54.3 52.3 49.2 47.9 48.0
Chile 47.5 49.4 49.7 52.7 57.0
Indonesia 66.1 59.1 49.8 45.3 48.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 54.5 47.8 49.9 51.8 44.5
Uzbekistan 40.1 48.4 51.0 57.8 63.8
Syrian Arab Republic 43.7 47.4 51.1 49.7 62.9
South Africa 43.8 47.3 51.1 43.5 43.6
Korea, Rep. 59.2 54.7 51.7 54.8 62.5
Dominican Republic 63.4 56.5 52.7 61.6 62.4
Germany 53.9 54.3 53.3 54.2 57.7
Mali 55.8 65.2 53.9 50.4 48.0
Israel 52.6 49.8 54.1 54.3 60.8
Algeria 56.9 53.1 54.2 52.4 58.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 55.0 58.5 54.3 59.7 62.7
Antigua and Barbuda 58.6 55.2 54.7 55.6 56.9
Latvia 51.4 52.8 55.0 63.1 72.7
Saudi Arabia 57.2 54.3 55.6 62.9 67.0
Mozambique 35.3 43.3 56.0 60.0 62.1
Sweden 61.6 57.9 56.2 56.1 58.6
Senegal 52.1 56.0 56.7 53.2 54.1
Finland 64.2 58.7 56.9 55.9 57.4
Guatemala 38.8 43.2 56.9 57.4 60.5
Tonga 41.9 47.6 56.9 53.4 50.7
El Salvador 60.1 57.1 57.2 59.0 61.0
Maldives 79.7 56.9 57.5 59.7 68.4
Bhutan 63.3 62.3 57.6 61.4 84.5
Mauritania 62.5 63.3 57.6 55.0 74.3
Croatia 56.6 59.3 58.1 58.8 59.2
Yemen, Rep. 66.4 59.3 58.5 62.9 58.1
Greenland 59.7 54.5 59.0 56.6 56.4
Zimbabwe 56.6 43.1 59.3 59.0 70.5
Switzerland 60.0 59.7 59.4 58.3 60.6
Denmark 59.0 58.9 60.4 56.8 57.8
Azerbaijan 55.3 65.6 61.5 71.7 82.2
Afghanistan 71.7 61.8 49.0 47.0
Armenia 61.5 57.4 62.8 70.0 58.0
Sri Lanka 77.2 68.5 63.2 62.5 66.4
Paraguay 37.4 59.2 63.3 73.0 74.3
Canada 70.5 66.5 63.8 58.3 58.6
Cote d'Ivoire 59.4 58.0 63.8 59.2 70.3
Kuwait 70.5 69.0 63.9 66.1 69.4
Marshall Islands 57.6 59.7 65.6 71.3 79.0
Kazakhstan 75.7 68.1 66.0 69.2 76.2
Liberia 188.4 69.2 66.1 68.1 94.3
Gabon 70.0 70.3 66.7 65.7 65.4
Kyrgyz Republic 77.3 61.8 66.8 67.7 75.1
Romania 63.2 66.4 69.0 70.0 74.2
Togo 71.5 68.3 69.0 82.0 76.5
Libya 44.7 45.2 69.3 72.3 80.7
Samoa 63.6 72.7 70.8 70.1 70.3
Tunisia 67.1 73.2 70.9 69.0 72.2
Palau 90.1 72.4 71.3 60.2 64.4
Tuvalu 36.5 26.6 72.8 43.3 53.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 75.8 76.3 73.3 73.4 76.9
Kiribati 64.6 71.8 73.6 60.4 60.5
Austria 71.3 73.8 73.7 75.4 79.5
Costa Rica 76.7 70.7 73.9 78.6 78.3
Ghana 93.2 91.6 74.1 72.5 73.5
Belize 89.2 78.7 74.4 76.4 69.3
Namibia 73.4 76.9 75.6 65.7 63.9
Macao SAR, China 84.6 78.7 76.6 73.3 67.3
Fiji 84.0 85.7 76.8 80.9 78.4
Macedonia, FYR 90.6 76.9 77.4 74.3 81.1
Qatar 83.6 83.4 77.6 77.7 77.8
Botswana 82.2 78.7 78.5 70.0 75.3
Eritrea 71.9 58.7 80.9 50.5 44.3
Faeroe Islands 94.8 87.8 81.2 89.6 73.9
Jordan 76.8 79.8 81.9 86.6 105.7
Ukraine 91.3 84.3 82.4 91.9 95.0
Mauritius 79.6 79.7 83.1 76.0 74.6
Trinidad and Tobago 93.0 88.9 83.5 80.7 88.3
Bulgaria 85.3 86.7 83.7 87.3 94.1
United Arab Emirates 81.3 83.0 86.3 95.9 110.3
Oman 84.3 87.4 86.7 85.4 89.4
Mongolia 101.2 91.4 87.0 88.8 94.9
Slovak Republic 84.5 89.1 88.1 94.8 100.5
Suriname 103.7 113.2 89.1 105.6 108.9
Brunei Darussalam 83.5 85.7 90.0 87.7 82.3
Slovenia 93.0 93.1 90.4 89.6 99.0
Chad 36.1 50.8 92.1 50.8 71.2
Papua New Guinea 92.2 93.3 92.6 101.1 107.8
Seychelles 87.2 111.2 93.0 97.2 93.8
Philippines 94.8 88.6 93.8 93.9 93.9
Vietnam 89.5 88.5 96.1 106.3 118.3
Angola 120.1 108.7 96.7 105.6 98.3
Czech Republic 99.3 103.3 96.9 101.1 116.8
Congo, Rep. 91.7 98.0 97.8 100.3 94.7
Luxembourg 92.3 105.2 98.2 101.3 106.1
Cambodia 91.1 90.3 99.0 100.4 112.2
Netherlands 109.2 103.1 99.8 98.2 104.8
Moldova 96.9 98.6 101.2 110.5 106.0
Honduras 103.2 100.1 104.5 104.8 118.1
Thailand 106.7 109.9 104.6 109.5 118.2
Hungary 128.1 119.6 107.3 107.3 112.6
Malta 148.2 111.1 108.8 107.0 109.1
Ireland 129.3 123.0 110.6 89.7 86.3
Turkmenistan 147.8 140.0 111.4 102.8 105.1
Bahrain 119.5 110.1 112.2 111.0 113.6
Belarus 125.4 127.4 117.3 120.6 130.8
Tajikistan 169.7 123.8 119.5 108.0 101.4
Estonia 156.2 148.3 139.5 138.4 118.3
Equatorial Guinea 148.0 174.4 145.2 149.3 129.0
Guyana 150.3 152.5 145.3 146.8 158.3
Belgium 154.2 155.4 160.4 154.0 159.9
Swaziland 128.3 161.8 162.1 170.3 160.0
Malaysia 192.1 174.5 172.5 170.6 185.8
Lesotho 133.4 144.8 178.6 164.7 174.0
Aruba 272.5 249.7 180.6 220.1 315.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 242.8 232.0 246.4 286.2 318.4
Singapore 284.2 266.3 262.8 305.3 326.0
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Taiwan, China
Curacao
Liechtenstein
Somalia
South Sudan
Serbia 57.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Timor-Leste 30.5 32.9
Andorra
San Marino
Lithuania 95.8
Puerto Rico
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guam
Iraq 106.8
Northern Mariana Islands
New Caledonia 57.0
French Polynesia 34.6
Myanmar
Cayman Islands
Montenegro 79.1
West Bank and Gaza
Turks and Caicos Islands
Monaco
American Samoa

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