Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
India 12.4 12.0 11.8 10.5 11.7
Chad 14.0 21.8 20.0 31.5 33.9
Turkey 15.7 19.2 22.6 24.3 29.8
United States 16.9 15.9 14.1 13.1 14.1
Bangladesh 18.5 17.7 17.9 16.8 19.1
Brazil 19.2 18.0 14.6 19.0 20.2
China 20.1 22.7 20.5 19.1 20.8
Mexico 20.7 20.7 24.1 25.8 26.1
Nepal 21.7 22.4 20.2 22.8 21.1
Paraguay 22.6 17.2 19.8 15.6 22.6
Burkina Faso 23.3 23.2 23.0 21.8 22.7
Spain 23.6 25.9 26.6 28.7 30.5
Argentina 24.1 23.6 15.4 11.9 16.0
Central African Republic 24.7 25.0 30.7 23.8 27.1
Madagascar 24.8 24.0 20.6 18.5 23.8
Japan 25.0 24.5 24.2 22.4 23.6
Rwanda 25.1 25.9 26.8 27.0 26.6
Burundi 25.3 24.4 29.7 24.2 29.3
Colombia 25.9 22.3 21.8 20.6 20.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 26.3 24.7 21.2 26.3 39.5
Ecuador 26.5 21.5 22.6 22.4 25.0
Uruguay 27.0 25.9 23.2 35.9 35.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 27.3 27.3 26.7 27.1 21.2
Greece 27.5 24.8 26.1 28.0 29.6
Sudan 27.8 23.2 19.2 23.4 17.7
Benin 28.0 44.7 38.5 35.1 43.3
Australia 29.6 27.0 24.8 23.5 25.4
Mozambique 30.7 30.6 29.5 23.7 18.9
Comoros 30.8 42.0 49.5 47.5 46.5
Morocco 31.6 39.7 37.3 35.8 42.3
Pakistan 33.6 30.3 25.6 29.3 27.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 34.5 51.6 47.7 47.9 45.4
Bolivia 35.4 31.0 24.7 24.6 19.7
France 35.7 36.8 36.2 35.7 37.9
Mali 36.0 34.7 35.9 40.0 31.3
Peru 36.7 30.4 29.2 31.1 29.3
Italy 37.6 39.9 37.8 34.6 36.6
Chile 38.1 33.7 31.6 35.0 37.6
Guatemala 39.6 33.9 28.8 25.2 25.4
United Kingdom 39.8 38.0 38.3 39.3 43.2
Germany 40.2 42.6 42.9 42.0 45.0
Afghanistan 41.5 45.4
Indonesia 42.0 38.4 41.3 43.9 40.8
French Polynesia 42.4 45.7 42.6 42.6 41.0
Portugal 42.4 43.6 45.0 47.1 52.2
Zimbabwe 42.9 38.7 34.1 30.1 35.5
Philippines 43.3 39.7 35.6 38.7 37.3
Senegal 43.6 49.6 49.5 59.2 59.7
Cameroon 44.3 33.2 31.1 29.8 25.6
Sweden 45.9 45.0 48.2 51.7 51.8
Niger 46.2 44.5 39.6 34.6 37.4
Venezuela, RB 46.2 45.1 38.5 25.9 42.5
Kenya 46.4 44.9 41.4 37.0 41.2
New Zealand 47.3 47.0 47.5 44.7 54.7
Panama 47.4 43.3 40.7 35.4 33.2
Canada 47.6 46.7 41.3 41.6 47.5
Syrian Arab Republic 47.7 46.9 37.1 36.8 34.1
Dominican Republic 48.0 46.9 33.6 32.3 28.1
Thailand 48.6 48.7 42.3 41.6 42.6
Bhutan 49.4 60.1 57.1 53.1 53.8
Denmark 50.9 54.9 53.6 53.7 55.5
Austria 51.2 52.0 49.4 48.4 52.1
Uganda 51.3 44.0 33.3 33.4 20.5
Cabo Verde 51.3 53.1 54.0 65.0 65.1
Costa Rica 52.6 84.5 67.5 46.8 45.7
Ghana 53.7 51.4 39.1 59.3 25.7
El Salvador 54.1 51.9 45.8 46.4 46.3
Finland 55.5 53.7 50.1 49.7 48.9
Switzerland 55.6 53.1 49.1 49.3 52.2
Norway 55.7 53.9 53.5 51.8 53.6
South Africa 56.0 50.2 45.1 39.9 38.9
Iceland 56.1 54.3 50.2 55.7 54.5
Bermuda 56.9 47.6 46.8 45.1 46.2
Algeria 57.7 57.9 52.9 47.1 43.0
Korea, Rep. 58.7 62.2 56.5 55.9 59.9
Sierra Leone 59.1 42.9 31.6 28.0 26.7
Malawi 59.3 51.9 46.0 44.1 48.4
Guinea-Bissau 59.6 41.4 37.5 39.1 46.9
Cote d'Ivoire 60.0 58.3 59.9 57.5 61.4
Cuba 60.7 59.3 59.9 61.4 59.8
Nicaragua 62.4 60.9 48.2 45.6 39.6
Tunisia 65.6 74.6 66.5 59.4 60.2
Nigeria 66.4 63.4 55.0 63.8 74.5
Gabon 66.5 78.8 83.7 79.2 76.8
Mauritania 67.7 70.3 67.8 65.8 68.6
Zambia 67.9 58.4 57.5 50.8 50.8
Israel 70.3 68.6 60.7 53.5 60.0
United Arab Emirates 70.5 64.9 60.5 58.9 56.1
Honduras 71.7 60.6 46.9 47.9 48.7
New Caledonia 73.9 77.2 70.0 55.7 65.1
Iraq 75.3 81.4 74.6 54.1 47.0
Jordan 76.1 88.9 85.3 73.5 71.2
Jamaica 76.8 82.1 65.2 61.1 79.8
Sri Lanka 77.1 66.6 60.0 55.8 54.9
Togo 78.2 66.7 69.5 58.1 64.5
Equatorial Guinea 79.0 103.5 97.1 72.0 65.6
Netherlands 79.2 84.2 83.4 83.7 90.4
Grenada 80.1 83.1 78.8 75.1 67.2
Cyprus 80.5 82.8 81.8 79.7 85.0
Gambia, The 81.3 69.9 68.0 76.4 84.0
Seychelles 81.4 71.0 76.4 73.6 75.3
Tonga 84.5 77.1 74.1 70.6 77.8
Saudi Arabia 84.7 84.3 78.3 66.0 59.7
Fiji 85.8 83.4 74.2 70.3 66.4
Papua New Guinea 86.7 84.0 81.9 75.4 78.4
Maldives 87.1 89.3 110.6 121.0 64.8
Barbados 87.2 80.9 81.7 89.2 91.4
Congo, Rep. 87.4 63.1 81.5 61.4 82.1
Ireland 90.0 88.6 82.8 85.6 96.2
Qatar 90.6 83.2 82.8 74.2 84.6
Kuwait 91.5 91.9 88.7 90.4 85.3
Mauritius 91.5 78.0 76.5 73.7 80.7
Oman 91.6 97.9 96.5 86.6 83.4
Vanuatu 95.2 91.1 83.6 84.5 83.4
Malaysia 95.4 91.7 89.5 89.1 88.7
Solomon Islands 96.6 83.8 68.5 75.5 68.0
Dominica 98.1 104.2 99.9 90.1 93.5
Bulgaria 100.1 107.2 116.0 144.1 146.9
Brunei Darussalam 104.5 106.1 106.4 106.5 101.3
Belgium 107.1 112.4 119.6 122.6 128.3
Antigua and Barbuda 107.2 121.3 116.0 84.2 86.4
Namibia 107.4 103.2 92.8 76.6 80.8
Greenland 108.0 110.2 111.8 107.2 116.8
Botswana 112.5 111.2 112.6 116.9 109.4
Malta 113.7 105.3 97.2 94.0 100.8
Trinidad and Tobago 116.3 100.5 84.7 63.3 52.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 119.4 109.6 113.5 118.0 126.6
Lesotho 121.0 130.4 171.6 145.2 155.1
Guyana 126.2 138.5 111.8 85.8 96.7
Suriname 128.1 117.9 103.0 95.0 81.2
Liberia 131.5 115.5 102.4 102.1 96.1
Belize 134.0 145.7 122.2 100.5 117.1
St. Lucia 136.4 114.9 114.2 128.8 85.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 143.8 127.3 105.1 115.6 102.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 150.1 154.3 143.1 156.7 175.4
Kiribati 153.9 61.4 53.9 57.8 101.2
Swaziland 183.0 172.3 158.3 154.0 138.9
Bahrain 230.3 244.3 203.1 175.1 171.1
Singapore 359.2 337.9 308.4 277.7 269.8
Bahamas, The 636.7 353.3 319.4 277.1 186.9
Kazakhstan
Kosovo
Northern Mariana Islands
Ethiopia 15.3 15.4 14.9 16.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Djibouti
Czech Republic
Tajikistan
Albania
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Slovak Republic
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cambodia
Palau
Libya
Isle of Man
Angola
Myanmar
Georgia
Azerbaijan
Faeroe Islands
Lao PDR 11.7
Macao SAR, China 141.0 146.6 144.4
Hungary
Kyrgyz Republic
Poland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Aruba
Slovenia
Puerto Rico
Somalia
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
Belarus
Guam
Macedonia, FYR
Liechtenstein
Armenia
Marshall Islands
Samoa 52.0 59.0 64.1
Lithuania
San Marino
Luxembourg
Sao Tome and Principe
Cayman Islands
Haiti
Tanzania
Curacao
Timor-Leste
Serbia
Estonia
Montenegro
Eritrea
Guinea
Turkmenistan
Romania
Tuvalu
Russian Federation
Ukraine
Vietnam
American Samoa
West Bank and Gaza
Croatia
Uzbekistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Mongolia 50.8 52.9 56.4 78.6
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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