Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Sudan 17.7 9.2 8.1 6.7 10.1
Lao PDR 11.7 10.4 13.6 25.6 42.7
India 11.7 10.6 9.8 9.9 10.8
Mozambique 18.9 11.2 11.9 31.4 40.1
United States 14.1 13.1 13.3 13.9 14.9
Argentina 16.0 13.8 10.4 11.0 11.5
Ethiopia 17.1 14.2 16.1 13.7 14.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.2 15.1 8.9 16.8 17.3
Bangladesh 19.1 16.4 16.2 15.9 16.9
Brazil 20.2 17.9 14.1 14.6 15.0
Vietnam 18.1 11.2 9.0 14.9
Uganda 20.5 20.3 18.9 18.6 17.8
Colombia 20.8 22.0 25.7 24.6 25.6
Chad 33.9 22.1 29.1 28.8 25.1
Japan 23.6 22.2 16.5 15.4 15.0
China 20.8 22.7 24.8 30.6 33.2
Guatemala 25.4 23.0 27.7 34.4 32.9
Cameroon 25.6 23.0 23.4 20.6 17.6
Nepal 21.1 23.4 21.1 24.4 25.0
Madagascar 23.8 23.7 20.5 24.7 26.0
Central African Republic 27.1 23.7 20.8 27.8 26.2
Bolivia 19.7 24.4 33.1 30.7 25.9
Mexico 26.1 24.9 30.4 33.7 32.8
Rwanda 26.6 25.0 27.7 21.6 20.0
Peru 25.3 25.2 27.4 23.7 46.9
Burkina Faso 22.7 26.0 24.0 24.9 22.8
Burundi 29.3 26.2 29.6 26.8 31.1
Australia 25.3 26.9 26.7 29.5 29.3
Paraguay 22.6 27.2 23.6 25.1 26.6
Ecuador 25.0 27.2 26.0 30.0 29.9
Pakistan 27.0 27.7 27.5 30.0 28.9
Turkey 29.8 28.7 24.5 27.9 28.6
Spain 31.4 30.9 25.5 26.9 27.4
Poland 31.4 31.5 36.1 38.1
Panama 33.2 32.0 28.1 29.5 21.7
Mali 31.3 32.1 39.0 28.6 36.9
Greece 31.1 32.2 31.6 31.5 24.4
Philippines 37.3 32.8 34.0 38.5 41.6
Sierra Leone 26.7 32.8 56.3 38.1 24.8
Ghana 25.7 32.9 33.3 42.0 36.8
Indonesia 40.8 33.0 33.5 39.5 36.8
Uruguay 35.3 34.2 33.3 31.6 31.2
Syrian Arab Republic 34.1 34.2 30.5 33.6 33.6
Italy 37.9 37.7 31.9 31.2 31.0
Zimbabwe 35.5 38.0 39.1 39.0 37.7
France 38.7 38.6 33.5 33.4 34.6
Venezuela, RB 42.5 38.9 29.1 44.6 39.3
Kenya 41.2 39.0 38.9 34.1 36.5
French Polynesia 41.0 39.1 33.8 35.9 32.9
Algeria 43.0 39.1 26.8 22.9 26.2
Bermuda 46.2 41.0 43.0 34.6 36.7
South Africa 38.9 41.2 39.5 35.1 35.4
Chile 37.6 41.7 43.0 46.0 50.1
Thailand 42.6 42.1 41.9 48.8 58.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 45.4 42.7 40.2 50.8 82.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 39.5 43.1 38.6 46.8 45.9
El Salvador 46.3 43.2 44.8 40.0 38.6
Costa Rica 45.7 43.2 41.4 43.5 43.8
Niger 37.4 43.6 36.0 27.9 29.6
United Kingdom 45.3 45.3 40.9 40.8 39.3
Comoros 46.5 45.4 35.1 32.6 35.7
Honduras 48.7 45.8 45.4 39.0 44.9
Morocco 47.0 46.7 36.8 37.6 37.7
Senegal 59.7 46.9 37.9 32.3 33.5
Nicaragua 39.6 47.2 38.3 28.6 39.5
Malawi 48.4 47.2 42.9 48.3 50.3
Canada 47.5 47.3 46.8 44.5 45.4
New Zealand 54.7 47.9 39.4 36.1 36.0
Germany 46.3 48.3 42.9 41.6 42.3
Finland 49.7 48.8 43.8 44.1 40.0
Saudi Arabia 59.7 49.2 45.2 50.5 52.3
Trinidad and Tobago 52.8 49.8 57.1 55.9 56.5
Portugal 52.9 49.9 44.2 49.0 51.9
Guinea-Bissau 46.9 50.0 53.8 50.0 49.9
Benin 43.3 50.7 43.0 39.0 49.0
Sri Lanka 54.9 52.5 48.0 51.3 53.6
Tunisia 60.2 53.4 51.6 53.4 60.3
Angola 53.6 38.0 47.0 48.8
Sweden 53.9 54.5 49.0 49.1 48.6
Norway 53.6 55.3 49.7 47.7 45.6
Austria 52.6 55.7 50.4 48.7 51.0
Switzerland 55.1 57.0 53.7 52.6 54.1
United Arab Emirates 56.1 57.5 50.3 53.9 56.7
Denmark 56.5 57.7 51.1 47.7 49.2
Iceland 56.0 58.5 56.4 54.5 50.2
Korea, Rep. 59.9 59.2 55.4 58.5 55.6
Equatorial Guinea 65.6 59.6 113.9 107.1 109.4
Dominican Republic 28.1 59.8 54.2 67.2 85.5
Maldives 64.8 59.8 49.3 79.3 77.1
Gambia, The 84.0 60.2 74.9 75.7 73.5
Cuba 59.8 60.9 63.9 51.6 47.7
Bhutan 53.8 61.6 63.1 56.1 71.2
Togo 64.5 62.7 48.6 53.5 52.9
Djibouti 63.1 62.4 56.6
Zambia 50.8 63.8 70.0 74.6 54.0
Cabo Verde 65.1 65.3 58.2 45.9 41.2
Fiji 66.4 65.6 59.8 64.4 80.5
Solomon Islands 68.0 65.9 65.5 60.8 57.9
Israel 60.0 68.1 60.5 64.3 56.4
Jordan 71.2 70.5 49.4 53.9 59.8
Cote d'Ivoire 61.4 70.9 59.1 54.3 47.3
Cyprus 85.0 70.9 55.7 55.4 59.9
Grenada 67.2 71.8 79.9 72.4 67.7
Suriname 81.2 71.9 74.3 61.2 65.5
New Caledonia 65.1 72.4 54.0 57.2 51.5
Qatar 84.6 74.1 58.3 57.8 57.6
Nigeria 74.5 74.2 44.3 46.8 49.8
Seychelles 75.3 75.2 59.7 54.2 67.3
Tonga 77.8 76.6 68.9 66.1 58.1
Kuwait 85.3 76.9 73.2 61.5 66.7
Congo, Rep. 82.1 78.0 74.3 65.4 59.4
Samoa 71.9 78.7 64.5 74.3 76.8
Papua New Guinea 78.4 79.2 79.8 74.0 76.4
Jamaica 79.8 79.8 56.7 59.1 59.3
Barbados 91.4 80.0 65.5 46.2 49.0
Hungary 82.2 80.8 79.0 74.5 67.8
Vanuatu 83.4 80.8 63.2 66.5 59.9
Namibia 80.8 81.0 102.5 95.4 92.8
Mongolia 78.6 81.6 64.0 60.3 57.8
Oman 83.4 83.3 73.8 73.5 66.9
Gabon 76.8 84.0 62.8 61.5 51.8
Dominica 93.5 84.2 88.3 90.2 98.8
Liberia 96.1 84.6 79.8 70.9 64.3
Malaysia 88.7 87.3 87.0 95.2 106.8
Mauritius 80.7 88.7 91.1 99.4 105.2
Mauritania 68.6 89.0 72.4 72.9 62.0
Kiribati 101.2 89.2 77.8 83.6 87.5
Bahamas, The 186.9 89.4 72.7 65.4 58.5
Antigua and Barbuda 86.4 90.7 92.3 92.9 78.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 102.8 91.0 93.5 98.9 95.5
Guyana 96.7 95.3 90.2 143.0 107.8
St. Lucia 85.2 96.2 107.2 106.4 122.3
Ireland 97.8 97.6 86.1 89.0 92.4
Netherlands 96.0 100.2 83.8 81.2 83.5
Brunei Darussalam 101.3 101.8 104.0 92.3 91.1
Malta 100.8 103.7 96.4 99.6 102.4
Greenland 116.8 113.8 102.8 108.3 101.3
Belize 117.1 116.2 102.3 89.0 94.3
Botswana 109.4 117.3 113.1 128.4 100.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 126.6 125.8 118.0 106.1 125.8
Belgium 130.4 129.0 115.9 112.7 115.1
Macao SAR, China 144.4 137.8 139.9 141.2 133.8
Swaziland 138.9 139.3 140.7 146.9 142.2
Lesotho 155.1 147.8 130.8 139.7 151.5
Bulgaria 146.9 153.4 144.8 112.6 147.8
Bahrain 171.1 164.4 150.9 151.6 135.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 175.4 171.6 175.3 196.4 224.1
Singapore 269.8 264.6 255.9 283.5 313.7
Cambodia
Liechtenstein
Somalia
Croatia
Tanzania 21.5
Guinea 51.0 49.6 46.8
Faeroe Islands
Haiti
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Puerto Rico
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
Andorra
West Bank and Gaza
Lithuania
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Afghanistan
Libya
San Marino
Kyrgyz Republic
Sao Tome and Principe
Kosovo
Myanmar
Aruba
Georgia
Luxembourg
Serbia
St. Martin (French part)
Cayman Islands
Armenia
Montenegro
Marshall Islands
Timor-Leste
Estonia
Kazakhstan
Tajikistan
Palau
Eritrea
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Iraq
Czech Republic
Macedonia, FYR
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Turkmenistan
Romania 49.4 47.1
Tuvalu
Curacao
Ukraine
Russian Federation
Azerbaijan
American Samoa
Belarus
Uzbekistan
Albania
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Monaco
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 95.5

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